Evaluation of Safety and Feasibility of OGX-011 in Combination With 2nd-line Chemotherapy in Patients With HRPC

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
OncoGenex Technologies
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00327340
First received: May 16, 2006
Last updated: October 2, 2012
Last verified: October 2012
  Purpose

This study is for patients with cancer of the prostate gland that has metastasized or spread outside the prostate to other parts of the body. Patients have already been treated with a drug called docetaxel or Taxotere® (with or without the addition of a steroid called prednisone) some time in the recent past. They either did not respond to this therapy or responded to this therapy, but now the cancer is progressing (growing larger or has spread to other areas of the body).

Custirsen (OGX-011) is an experimental drug that has been shown to increase the effectiveness of chemotherapy in several kinds of tumors, including prostate cancer.

Both docetaxel and mitoxantrone have anticancer activity in prostate and are approved by Health Canada and the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of patients with prostate cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Prostate Cancer
Drug: custirsen (OGX-011)/mitoxantrone
Drug: custirsen (OGX-011)/docetaxel
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Title: A Pilot Study Evaluating the Safety and Feasibility of Custirsen (OGX-011) in Combination With Second Line Chemotherapy in Patients With Hormone Refractory Prostate Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by OncoGenex Technologies:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety and Tolerability of Custirsen (OGX-011) in Combination With Either Docetaxel/Prednisone or Mitoxantrone/Prednisone as Second-line Chemotherapy. [ Time Frame: Subjects were followed for safety from enrollment for up to 8 months (9 three-week cycles plus 30 days after end of treatment) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    Safety and tolerability were based on Adverse Events (AE) and Serious Adverse Events (SAE) graded using National Cancer Institute's Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE).

    The CTCAE has 5 grades with unique clinical descriptions of severity for each AE based on this general guideline: Grade 1=Mild AE; Grade 2=Moderate AE; Grade 3=Severe AE; Grade 4=Life-threatening or disabling AE; and Grade 5=Death related to AE.



Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Feasibility of Treatment With Custirsen (OGX-011) in Combination With Second-line Chemotherapy Based on Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Response [ Time Frame: PSA was evaluated at screening, on Day 1 of each cycle, at the end of treatment visit and during off-treatment follow up (up to 27 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    PSA or prostate specific antigen is a marker for prostate cancer. A PSA response was defined as a decrease in PSA values of ≥ 50% relative to baseline on two or more consecutive measurements that were 4-6 weeks apart.

  • Feasibility of Treatment With OGX-011 in Combination With Either Docetaxel/Prednisone or Mitoxantrone/Prednisone as Second Line Chemotherapy Based on Time to Pain Progression [ Time Frame: Enrollment until pain progression (up to 21 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to pain progression was defined as the time (months) from the first dose of OGX-011 to the first documentation of pain or analgesic progression or initiation of palliative radiation therapy. Pain response was defined as either a decrease of at least two points on the 11-point Worst Pain Scale, without an increase in analgesic level, maintained for at least two consecutive measurements approximately three weeks apart -or- a decrease in analgesic level, without an increase in pain score, maintained for at least two consecutive measurements approximately three weeks apart.

  • Relationship Between Changes in Serum Clusterin Levels and Change in Serum PSA Levels When OGX-011 in Combination With Either Docetaxel/Prednisone or Mitoxantrone/Prednisone is Administered as Second Line Chemotherapy. [ Time Frame: Enrollment until disease progression (up to 13 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Serum clusterin samples were collected prior to receiving OGX-011 loading dose 1, prior to study treatment on Day 1 of each cycle, and at the end of treatment. PSA was evaluated at screening, on Day 1 of each cycle, at the end of treatment visit, and during off-treatment follow-up. PSA response was defined in the protocol as a decrease in PSA of ≥ 50% relative to baseline on two or more consecutive measurements 4-6 weeks apart.


Enrollment: 70
Study Start Date: July 2006
Study Completion Date: October 2010
Primary Completion Date: October 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: OGX-011 / mitoxantrone/prednisone
OGX-011 / mitoxantrone/prednisone: OGX-011 administered in combination with mitoxantrone and prednisone
Drug: custirsen (OGX-011)/mitoxantrone

All subjects began treatment with oral prednisone (5 mg twice daily, 10 mg/day) continued through completion of the final treatment cycle. Three IV administrations of OGX-011 (640 mg) were given as 2 hr infusions during the loading dose period (Days-9 to-1). Subjects were premedicated with either ibuprofen (400 mg) or acetaminophen (650 mg) 30 to 60 minutes prior to and every 4-6 hours for 24 hours following each of the three doses of OGX-011 during the loading dose period only. After the loading dose period, OGX-011 was given weekly on Days 1, 8, and 15 of each 21-day cycle.

Mitoxantrone was administered IV on Day 1 of each cycle at a planned dose of 12 mg/m² infused over 30 minutes.

Patients could receive a maximum of 9 cycles of treatment.

Other Names:
  • custirsen
  • OGX-011
  • TV-1011
Experimental: OGX-011/docetaxel/prednisone
OGX-011/docetaxel/prednisone: OGX-011 administered in combination with docetaxel and prednisone
Drug: custirsen (OGX-011)/docetaxel

All subjects began treatment with oral prednisone (5 mg twice daily, 10 mg/day) continued through completion of the final treatment cycle. Three IV administrations of OGX-011 (640 mg) were given as 2 hr infusions during the loading dose period (Days-9 to -1). Subjects were premedicated with either ibuprofen (400 mg) or acetaminophen (650 mg) 30 to 60 minutes prior to and every 4-6 hours for 24 hours following each of the three doses of OGX-011 during the loading dose period only. After the loading dose period, OGX-011 was given weekly on Days 1, 8, and 15 of each 21 day cycle.

Docetaxel was administered IV on Day 1 of each cycle at a planned dose of 75 mg/m² infused over 60 minutes.

Patients could receive a maximum of 9 cycles of treatment.

Other Names:
  • custirsen
  • OGX-011
  • TV-1011

Detailed Description:

This study was initiated as a multicenter, open-label, randomized study, with a planned enrollment of 40 subjects. Although two treatment arms were included in this study, no comparison between the arms was intended.

Subjects with metastatic HRPC who failed first-line docetaxel therapy and required second-line therapy were randomly assigned to treatment with OGX-011 in combination with docetaxel/prednisone (OGX-011/docetaxel/prednisone) or OGX-011 in combination with mitoxantrone/prednisone (OGX-011/mitoxantrone/ prednisone). The study was randomized to assure that subjects were enrolled in each of the two treatment arms in an unbiased manner.

Based on preliminary safety data from the first 44 subjects who were randomized to receive either docetaxel or mitoxantrone, the protocol was amended to enroll approximately 20 additional subjects who would be assigned to the docetaxel/prednisone treatment arm to further investigate safety of the combination.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age ≥ 18 years
  2. Histologic diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the prostate.
  3. Metastatic disease on chest X-ray, bone scan, or computed tomography (CT) scan.
  4. Failed after receiving a minimum of two cycles of a docetaxel based first line therapy regimen. Failure is defined as disease progression within 6 months of discontinuing first line docetaxel therapy. Disease progression is defined as one or more of the following:

    • Progressive measurable (target) disease (by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] criteria): at least a 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameters of measurable lesions (organ masses or lymph nodes) over the smallest sum observed (baseline or nadir) or the appearance of one or more new lesions as assessed by CT scan or chest X-ray.
    • Bone scan progression: one or more new lesions on bone scan while on or following docetaxel treatment.
    • Increasing serum PSA level: rise in PSA on three consecutive measurements obtained at least one week apart. If the third PSA value is less than the second, an additional fourth test to confirm a rising PSA will be acceptable.
  5. Baseline laboratory values as stated below:

    • Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Bilirubin ≤ 1.1 x ULN (unless elevated secondary to conditions such as Gilbert's disease)
    • SGOT (AST) ≤ 1.5 x ULN
    • Castrate serum testosterone level (< 50 ng/mL-or-< 1.7 mmol/L).
  6. If not treated with bilateral orchiectomy, patients must be willing to continue luteinizing hormone releasing hormone analogues throughout the study.
  7. Adequate bone marrow function defined as absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 10^9 cells/L and platelet count ≥ 100 x 10^9/L.
  8. Karnofsky score ≥ 60
  9. Received no other chemotherapy, radioisotope therapy, strontium 89, or samarium 153. (Prior radiotherapy and steroids following first line docetaxel therapy are allowed.)
  10. Received no more than one prior biological response modifier therapy following first line docetaxel therapy.
  11. At least 21 days since completing the last dose of docetaxel, biological response modifier, and/or radiotherapy. (Exception for radiotherapy: at least 7 days since completing a single fraction of ≤ 800 cGy to a restricted field.)
  12. Has recovered from all therapy related toxicity to ≤ grade 2, (except alopecia and anemia.)
  13. Willing and able to give informed consent and follow protocol requirements.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Life expectancy less than 12 weeks.
  2. Patient is beyond 6 months following the last dose of docetaxel.
  3. Patient could not tolerate a dose of docetaxel of at least 45 mg/m² at the end of first line therapy due to toxicity.
  4. History of or current documented brain metastasis or carcinomatous meningitis, treated or untreated. (Brain imaging in asymptomatic patients is not required.)
  5. Current symptomatic cord compression requiring surgery or radiation therapy. (Once treated, patients are eligible for the study.)
  6. Active second malignancy (except non melanomatous skin or superficial bladder cancer).
  7. Prior radiotherapy to > 25% of the bone marrow.
  8. Uncontrolled medical conditions such as a major active infection, myocardial infarction or stroke within 3 months, uncontrolled hypertension, and/or significant concurrent medical illness, that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would preclude protocol therapy.
  9. History of or active congestive heart failure.
  10. Known allergy or hypersensitivity to docetaxel or polysorbate 80 (diluent).
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00327340

Locations
Canada, Alberta
Tom Baker Cancer Centre
Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Cross Cancer Institute
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Canada, British Columbia
BC Cancer Agency
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Canada, Manitoba
CancerCare Manitoba
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Canada, Nova Scotia
QEII Health Sciences
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Canada, Ontario
Juravinski Cancer Centre
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
London Regional Cancer Program
London, Ontario, Canada
Toronto Sunnybrook
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Canada, Quebec
University of Montreal
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Jewish General Hospital
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Sponsors and Collaborators
OncoGenex Technologies
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Fred Saad, MD, FRCS Université de Montréal
Principal Investigator: Eric Winquist, MD, MSc University of Western Ontario, Canada
  More Information

Publications:
Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: OncoGenex Technologies
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00327340     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: OGX-011-07
Study First Received: May 16, 2006
Results First Received: July 26, 2012
Last Updated: October 2, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
Canada: Health Canada

Keywords provided by OncoGenex Technologies:
Metastatic hormone refractory prostate cancer (HRPC)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Docetaxel
Prednisone
Mitoxantrone
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 01, 2014