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Infliximab to Treat Crohn'S-like Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Chronic Granulomatous Disease

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00325078
First received: May 11, 2006
Last updated: August 20, 2013
Last verified: June 2012
  Purpose

This study will determine if the drug infliximab is safe for treating inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD). IBD is an inflammation or irritation of the gut that leads to symptoms such as diarrhea, bloating and stomach cramps. CGD is an inherited disease affecting white blood cells called neutrophils in which patients are susceptible to repeated bacterial and fungal infections. They also have a higher incidence of some autoimmune diseases, such as IBD. Infliximab is approved to treat Crohn's disease, an IBD similar to that seen in patients with CGD.

Patients 10 years of age and older with CGD and IBD may be eligible for this study. Candidates are screened with a medical history, physical examination, blood and urine tests, electrocardiogram (EKG), tuberculosis skin test (PPD skin testing), and stool test for the presence of infections. Additional tests may be done, including colonoscopy (procedure using a flexible tube through the rectum to examine the lining of the gut) and imaging studies such as an x-ray, chest CT scan (test using a special x-ray machine), MRI (test using a magnetic field and radio waves), and barium studies (study using a drinkable solution of barium to help enhance the x-ray pictures of the gut).

Participants are divided into patients with IBD symptoms (Group 1) and patients without IBD symptoms (Group 2) for the following procedures:

Group 1

Patients are evaluated every 6 months with a medical history and physical examination for signs and symptoms of IBD. Patients who are taking moderate to high doses of steroid medications have their medication slowly lowered (tapered) and are evaluated every 3 months for a total of 2 years. Patients in this group who start to develop IBD symptoms are moved to Group 2 for treatment with infliximab (see below).

Group 2

Patients in Group 2 receive infliximab infusions at 2-week intervals for three doses. The drug is given over a 2-hour period through a catheter placed in a vein. Patients are evaluated with a medical history, physical exam, and blood tests the day of each dose. One week after the last dose, they have another evaluation, including a colonoscopy. Patients who respond well to infliximab may continue to receive the drug every 2 months for a total of 1 year, with evaluations at every dosing visit. At the end of the first year of receiving infliximab, all patients have follow-up evaluations every 6 months for a total of 2 years.


Condition Intervention Phase
Chronic Granulomatous Disease
Crohn'S-like IBD
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
Drug: Infliximab
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha Inhibitor (Lnfliximab, Adalimumab) Treatment for Crohn'S-like Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Chronic Granulomatous Disease: A Phase I/II Study Assessing Clinical and Immune Responses to Treatment and Genetic Influences

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine whether treatment with infliximab is safe in CGD patients and does not cause a significant increase in serious infections. [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine whether patients respond to the treatment with infliximab. [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 41
Study Start Date: May 2006
Study Completion Date: June 2012
Primary Completion Date: June 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: Infliximab
    N/A
Detailed Description:

Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD) is an inherited immune disorder involving decreased phagocytic superoxide oxygen radical production, resulting in increased susceptibility to infections. Furthermore, there is a predominance of immune-related inflammatory problems in a subset of CGD patients, such as the inflammatory bowel disease (CGD-IBD). CGD-IBD is often complicated by obstruction, strictures, fissures, fistulae, and extra-intestinal problems. In fact, it is clinically and histologically indistinguishable from Crohn's Disease (CD), another inflammatory bowel disease that affects the general population. Crohn's disease (CD) is a prototypic T helper cell type 1 (Th1) immune disease. Since CGD-IBD bears such close resemblance to CD, it is possible that CGD-IBD is also immune-based. Furthermore, mice studies also support a primarily immune basis for CGD-IBD. However, currently there is little data on this Crohn's-like CGD-IBD in human patients. Treatment for the Crohn's-like CGD-IBD has been primarily oral or topical corticosteroids. Antibiotics have been ineffective and stool cultures typically do not identify clear pathogens. Many patients with the Crohn's-like CGD-IBD disease remain steroid-dependent, thus new therapeutic regimens are needed.

This is a Phase I/II study that will evaluate the safety and efficacy of Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha Inhibitor (Infliximab or Adalimumab) in CGD patients with symptomatic Crohn's-like IBD. Infliximab and Adalimumab are standard-of-care treatments for moderate to severe CD, with extensive experience using these agents being well documented in terms of safety and efficacy. Preliminary reports from ongoing studies of CD at NIH are encouraging in inducing remission. We will also evaluate changes in immunophenotype and cytokine profiles of peripheral blood and colonic lamina propria lymphocytes following treatment. In addition, we will evaluate the immunophenotype and cytokine profile of blood and mucosal cells in CGD patients, with or without IBD, to determine the CGD-specific cytokine profile. Specific cytokine profiles have been observed in different genetic immunodeficiencies, despite similar IBD clinical manifestation.

Documentation of clinical status will be performed using the Crohn's Disease Activity Index (CDAI). Potential effects of genetic variation (including CGD mutation type) on the expression of IBD in patients with CGD, and their responses to treatment will also be assessed. The long-term goal of this study is to establish better or alternative treatment modalities with low risk profiles for CGD patients with Crohn's-like IBD.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   10 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Group One

  • Must have a confirmed CGD diagnosis
  • Must have IBD documented by medical history or documented IBD endoscopically.
  • Must not be pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Must have a home physician
  • Must be willing to submit samples for storage.

Group Two:

  • Must have a confirmed CGD diagnosis
  • Must have IBD documented by medical history or documented IBD endoscopically.
  • Must be symptomatic
  • Must have negative results on stool examination for culture of enteric pathogens, such as Salmonella, Shigella, Yersinia, Campylobacter, E. coli O157/H7, Clostridium difficile toxin assay, enteric parasites and their ova such as Cryptosporidia, Cyclospora, Microsporidia and Giardia (by stool enzyme immunoassay [EIA]) prior to the start of receiving TNF? inhibitors.
  • Must not be pregnant or breastfeeding
  • If of childbearing potential, one must agree to consistently use contraception, while on the study medication.
  • Must have a recent chest CT (within 3 months) to confirm absence of tuberculosis (TB) infection
  • Must have a home physician
  • Must be willing to submit samples for storage.

Group Three:

  • Must be willing to undergo upper and lower endoscopy and mucosal biopsies for research purpose
  • Must be greater than or equal to 18 years old and weigh greater than or equal to 15 kg.
  • Must not be pregnant
  • Must be willing to submit samples for storage.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Group One:

- Any condition that, in the investigator's opinion, places the patient at undue risk by participating in the study.

Group Two:

  • Any condition that, in the investigator's opinion, places the patient at undue risk by participating in the study
  • Positive TB diagnosis
  • Patients who are in the at-risk group for treatment such as history of tuberculosis, congestive cardiac failure or myocardial infarction within the last 12 months unstable angina, thrombocytopenia (platelet < 100, 000), uncontrolled hypertension
  • Acute systemic or intestinal infection(s)
  • Evidence of Hepatitis B or C infection
  • Signs and symptoms of hepatotoxicity
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • History of cancer within the last 10 years
  • The presence of certain types of acquired abnormalities of immunity such as HIV, cytotoxic chemotherapy for malignancy could be grounds for possible exclusion if, in the opinion of the investigator, the presence of such disease process interferes with evaluation of a co-existing abnormality of immunity that is a subject of study under this protocol.
  • Co-existing Th2-type inflammatory disease
  • Current active bowel obstruction, intestinal perforation, or significant GI hemorrhage.
  • Live vaccine within 4 weeks prior to therapy or potential need for a live vaccine during the study.
  • Unwillingness to undergo testing or procedures associated with this protocol.

Group Three:

  • Acute systemic or intestinal infection requiring antibiotics
  • Any condition that, in the investigator's opinion, places the patient at undue risk by participating in the study
  • The presence of certain types of acquired abnormalities of immunity such as HIV, cytotoxic chemotherapy for malignancy could be grounds for possible exclusion if, in the opinion of the investigator, the presence of such disease process interferes with evaluation of a co-existing abnormality of immunity that is a subject of study under this protocol.
  • Unwillingness to undergo testing or procedures associated with this protocol.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00325078

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Suk S De Ravin, M.D. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00325078     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 060160, 06-I-0160
Study First Received: May 11, 2006
Last Updated: August 20, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Remicade
Crohn's Disease
IBD
CGD Infection
Infliximab
Chorionic Granulomatous Disease
CGD
Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Granulomatous Disease, Chronic
Granuloma
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Gastroenteritis
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked
Hematologic Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Leukocyte Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Pathologic Processes
Phagocyte Bactericidal Dysfunction
Infliximab
Analgesics
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Antirheumatic Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 23, 2014