Bortezomib Followed by High-Dose Melphalan and Bortezomib as Conditioning Regimen for Tandem Stem Cell Transplants

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00307086
First received: March 23, 2006
Last updated: August 9, 2013
Last verified: August 2013
  Purpose

The primary objectives of this study are to:

  • To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of bortezomib in combination with high-dose melphalan as a conditioning regimen.
  • To determine the safety, tolerability, and response rates of bortezomib given in combination with high-dose melphalan, as a conditioning regimen, for tandem transplants in patients with primary refractory multiple myeloma or plasma cell leukemia.

The secondary objectives of this study are to:

  • To determine gene expression profiles (pharmacogenomics) and perform RTPCR for Fanconi anemia pathway genes, prior to and after treatment with bortezomib, in patients with primary refractory multiple myeloma and plasma cell leukemia and correlate profiles with responses to treatment.
  • To determine the time to disease progression and overall survival in patients with primary refractory multiple myeloma and plasma cell leukemia treated with bortezomib followed by tandem autologous transplantation
  • To determine the response rates of 2 cycles of bortezomib in patients with primary refractory multiple myeloma or plasma cell leukemia

Condition Intervention Phase
Multiple Myeloma
Plasma Cell Leukemia
Drug: Bortezomib
Drug: Melphalan
Procedure: PBSCT
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Evaluation of Bortezomib (VelcadeR ) Followed by High-Dose Melphalan and Bortezomib (VelcadeR) as Conditioning Regimen for Tandem Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplants in Patients With Primary Refractory Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Leukemia

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Median Number of Months Overall Survival (OS)After First Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplant (PBSCT) [ Time Frame: 2 years post transplant ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: June 2005
Study Completion Date: March 2012
Primary Completion Date: March 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Autologous PBSCT
bortezomib in combination with high-dose melphalan as a conditioning regimen for autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplant (PBSCT)
Drug: Bortezomib
the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of bortezomib in combination with high-dose melphalan as a conditioning regimen for autologous stem cell transplant
Other Name: Velcade
Drug: Melphalan
Day -4 melphalan 100 mg/m2 intravenously over 30 minutes, Day -3 melphalan 100 mg/m2 intravenously over 30 minutes
Other Name: Alkeran(R)
Procedure: PBSCT
PBSCT #1 Day 0 PBSCT #2 Day 0 (approx 90 days =/- 15 days after PBSCT #1)
Other Name: peripheral blood stem cell transplant (PBSCT)

Detailed Description:

Patients with primary refractory multiple myeloma or plasma cell leukemia either newly diagnosed or previously treated will receive 2-cycles of standard dose bortezomib followed by high-dose melphalan and bortezomib as a conditioning regimen prior to a tandem autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT). Following treatment with two cycles of standard dose bortezomib, sequential cohorts of patients will be given escalating bortezomib doses combined with standard and constant conditioning regimen doses of melphalan. Once the MTD of bortezomib is reached, that dose will be administered in combination with melphalan as conditioning prior to PBSCT.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Voluntary written informed consent before performance of any study-related procedure not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the subject at any time without prejudice to future medical care.
  • Female subject is either post-menopausal or surgically sterilized or willing to use an acceptable method of birth control (ie, a hormonal contraceptive, intra-uterine device, diaphragm with spermicide, condom with spermicide, or abstinence) for the duration of the study.
  • Male subject agrees to use an acceptable method for contraception for the duration of the study.
  • Multiple Myeloma Criteria:
  • Patients with primary refractory disease (those failing to achieve at least a partial response, as defined by the Bladé multiple myeloma response criteria, after first-line (induction) therapy). A partial response will be defined as the following: ≥50% reduction in the level of the serum monoclonal paraprotein, maintained for a minimum of 6 weeks, Reduction in 24-hour urinary light chain excretion either by ≥90% or to <200 mg, maintained for a minimum of 6 weeks. For patients with non-secretory myeloma only, ≥50% reduction in plasma cells in a bone marrow aspirate and biopsy, maintained for a minimum of 6 weeks, ≥50% reduction in the size of soft tissue plasmacytomas (by radiography or physical examination). No increase in the size or number of lytic bone lesions (development of a compression fracture does not exclude response).
  • Patients with plasma cell leukemia, either newly diagnosed or previously treated.
  • Patients greater than or equal to 18 years of age are eligible.
  • Patients must have a histologically confirmed diagnosis by a pathologic review at the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute.
  • Patients must have undergone a complete psychosocial evaluation and have been considered capable of compliance.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient has a platelet count of <30× 109/L within 14 days before enrollment.
  • Patient has an absolute neutrophil count of <1.0 × 109/L within 14 days before enrollment.
  • Patient has a serum creatinine of greater than 2.0 mg/dL OR a creatinine clearance of less than 40 ml/minute within 14 days before enrollment. Creatinine clearance can be measured or calculated.
  • Subjects with >Grade 2 peripheral neuropathy within 14 days before enrollment.
  • Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment or has New York Hospital Association (NYHA) Class III or IV heart failure (see section 8.4), uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities. Prior to study entry, any ECG abnormality at screening has to be documented by the investigator as not medically relevant.
  • Patient has hypersensitivity to bortezomib, boron or mannitol.
  • Female subject is pregnant or breast-feeding. Confirmation that the subject is not pregnant must be established by a negative serum β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) pregnancy test result obtained during screening. Pregnancy testing is not required for postmenopausal or surgically sterilized women.
  • Patient has received other investigational drugs with 14 days before enrollment
  • Serious medical or psychiatric illness likely to interfere with participation in this clinical study.
  • Patients with a DLCO less than 50% (adjusted) of normal or with symptomatic obstructive or restrictive lung disease are ineligible.
  • Patients with renal dysfunction secondary to multiple myeloma may be enrolled at the discretion of the principal investigator. However, patients on hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis are ineligible.
  • Patients with a total bilirubin greater than 2.0 mg/dL and SGOT or SGPT greater than two and a half times normal (unless due to primary malignancy), or a history of severe hepatic dysfunction are ineligible.
  • Patients with active infections are ineligible.
  • Patients who are HIV positive are ineligible.
  • Patients with active leptomeningeal involvement are ineligible. Patients with a history of previous CSF tumor involvement without symptoms or signs are eligible provided the CSF is now free of disease on lumbar puncture, and MRI of the brain shows no tumor involvement. Patients with severe symptomatic CNS disease of any etiology are ineligible.
  • Patients with uncontrolled insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or uncompensated major thyroid or adrenal dysfunction are ineligible.
  • Patients with an ECOG performance status of ≥ 2 are ineligible See section 8.9).
  • Patients with an ECOG performance status of 2 to 3, secondary to bone pain, may be enrolled at the discretion of the institutional investigator(s).
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00307086

Locations
United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
Sponsors and Collaborators
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Melissa Alsina, MD H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Principal Investigator: Todd Alekshun, MD H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00307086     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MCC-14184, X05174
Study First Received: March 23, 2006
Results First Received: March 5, 2013
Last Updated: August 9, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Plasma Cell
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Melphalan
Bortezomib
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Myeloablative Agonists
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 14, 2014