Amoxicillin Clavulanate in Treatment of Acute Otitis Media

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified February 2009 by University of Turku.
Recruitment status was  Active, not recruiting
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute for Health and Welfare, Finland
Information provided by:
University of Turku
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00299455
First received: March 3, 2006
Last updated: February 10, 2009
Last verified: February 2009
  Purpose

This is a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled one-center study carried out in primary care setting of the health center of City of Turku, Finland. The study patients will be allocated to one of the two parallel treatment groups (amoxicillin-clavulanate or placebo). The hypothesis is that the symptoms and signs of acute otitis media are resolved more effectively with antimicrobial treatment than with placebo. Furthermore, this study aims at finding out prognostic factors that could help to direct antimicrobial treatment for correct subgroups of young patients.


Condition Intervention Phase
Acute Otitis Media
Drug: amoxicillin-clavulanate
Drug: Placebo
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 4 Efficacy Study of Antimicrobials in the Treatment of Acute Otitis Media in Young Children

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Turku:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Compare time to treatment failure in children receiving amoxicillin-clavulanate to children receiving placebo [ Time Frame: During the first 8 days of follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to resolution of symptoms in children receiving amoxicillin-clavulanate to children receiving placebo [ Time Frame: Duration of study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Time to resolution of acute inflammatory signs of middle ear [ Time Frame: Duration of study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Compare the 2 treatment groups regarding the doses of analgesic medication and number of days analgesics are administered by children's parents [ Time Frame: First 7 days of follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Compare the 2 treatment groups regarding the number of days with absenteeism from day care and/or parental absenteeism from work [ Time Frame: First 7 days of follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Compare the incidence of adverse events accompanying the 2 treatment regimens [ Time Frame: Duration of study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Time to resolution of middle ear fluid in the ear(s) that is affected on study day 1 [ Time Frame: Duration of study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Time to relapse of acute otitis media [ Time Frame: Study days 9-17 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Time to first reinfection of acute otitis media [ Time Frame: From study day 18 to the end of follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 320
Study Start Date: March 2006
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 2009
Primary Completion Date: December 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Reconstituted amoxicillin-clavulanate at 40/5.7 mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses for 7 days.
Drug: amoxicillin-clavulanate
Amoxicillin clavulanate 40 mg/kg/day divided into two daily doses for 7 days. Capsules will be produced by pulverizing amoxicillin clavulanate tablets (Augmentin 875 mg; manufacturer Glaxo SmithKline Beecham; ATC Code: J01CR02) and mixing that with lactose monohydrate. Each capsule will contain Augmentin tablet powder 68 mg and lactose monohydrate 572 mg. This means amoxicillin 40 mg and clavulanate 5,7 mg respecting the dose per 2 kg.
Placebo Comparator: 2
Reconstituted placebo in 2 divided doses for 7 days.
Drug: Placebo
Placebo twice a day for 7 days. Placebo capsules contain lactose monohydrate 640 mg.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Months to 35 Months
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Acute otitis media
  • Age 6 - 35 mo

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Spontaneous perforation of the tympanic membrane and drainage
  • Systemic or nasal corticosteroid therapy within 3 preceding days
  • Antihistamine therapy with 3 preceding days
  • Oseltamivir therapy within 3 preceding days
  • Allergy to amoxicillin/penicillin
  • Tympanostomy tube present in tympanic membrane
  • Clinical evidence of infection requiring systemic antimicrobial treatment
  • Documented Ebstein Barr virus infection within 7 preceding days
  • Down syndrome or other condition to affect middle ear infections
  • Known immunodeficiency
  • Vomiting or another symptom to violate per oral dosage
  • Poor parental co-operation due to language or other reasons
  • Use of any investigational drugs during the 4 preceding weeks
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00299455

Locations
Finland
Department of Pediatrics, Turku University Hospital
Turku, Finland, 20521
Turku, Finland
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Turku
National Institute for Health and Welfare, Finland
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Aino Ruohola, MD, PhD Pediatrician
  More Information

No publications provided by University of Turku

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Aino Ruohola, Department of Pediatrcis, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00299455     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RRR-60
Study First Received: March 3, 2006
Last Updated: February 10, 2009
Health Authority: Finland: Finnish Medicines Agency

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Otitis
Otitis Media
Ear Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Amoxicillin
Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination
Clavulanic Acids
Clavulanic Acid
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 01, 2014