High Fat - High Protein Diet in the Treatment of Obesity
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of a low calorie high fat/protein diet on body fat and body composition in overweight and obese subjects. The investigators will also test the effects of this diet on secondary outcomes such as: fluid and electrolyte balance, cholesterol, inflammation, sugar and insulin metabolism, fat hormones, blood pressure and feelings of fullness.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Exploratory Feasibility Study: High Fat/Protein Diet in the Treatment of Obesity|
- Visceral adipose tissue [ Time Frame: after 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Body composition, fluid and electrolyte balance, lipids/lipoprotein metabolism, markers of inflammation, glucose and insulin metabolism, fat hormones, blood pressure and measures of satiety. [ Time Frame: after 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||March 2006|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2013|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Experimental: high fat/protein diet||
Behavioral: Low calorie high fat/protein diet
6 weeks of caloric restriction (50%) on a high fat/protein diet
Participation in this study requires 2 screening visits to the outpatient clinic, and if participants qualify, 10 inpatient study weeks.
Subjects will be admitted to the Rockefeller University Hospital for the 10 week in-patient phase of the study. The first 2 weeks consist of a weight stabilization period, during which subjects will be required to eat an average American diet. This is followed by the 6 week weight loss period where subjects will be put on a low calorie high fat/protein diet. During the weight loss period, calories will be cut by 50% compared to the weight stabilization period. This will be followed by a 2 week weight maintenance period during which calories will be added to the diet to maintain the new weight. Appropriate adjustments will be made to keep the subject's weight stable.
During the entire inpatient study, subjects will consume one multivitamin per day (Centrum, always complete, from A to Zinc) and one iron supplement per day. In addition, unlimited access to zero calorie liquids (water/diet soda) will be available and subjects will be encouraged to maintain their usual activity level.
Females of reproductive age need to make sure that they do not become pregnant during the inpatient study. Urine will be tested for pregnancy once during each phase of the study.
|United States, New York|
|The Rockefeller University Hospital|
|New York, New York, United States, 10021|
|Principal Investigator:||Jan L. Breslow, MD||The Rockefeller University Hospital|