The Effect and Mediators of Two Knowledge Translation Strategies
Purpose: This study will compare the effectiveness and mediators of two different knowledge transfer (KT) interventions in terms of their impact on changing knowledge and behavior (utilization and clinical reasoning) related to health outcome measures.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
|Official Title:||Defining the Effect and Mediators of Two Knowledge Translation Strategies Designed to Alter Knowledge, Intent and Clinical Utilization of Rehabilitation Outcome Measures|
- Chart Audit Form (Utilization) [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months post-intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Chart Stimulated Recall Data Collection Form [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months post-intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Self-Efficacy Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months post-intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Readiness to Change Clinical Practice Scale [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months post-intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Knowledge Test [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months post-intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: 1
SHIPS: Face-to-Face Workshop
Stakeholder-Hosted Interactive Problem-based Seminars
Other Name: Face-to-Face workshop
Active Comparator: 2
ePBL: Online Problem-Based Course
Online Problem-Based Course
Interventions: Two different KT interventions with the same curriculum will be evaluated: 1. Stakeholder-Hosted Interactive Problem-Based Seminar (SHIPS), and 2. Online Problem-Based course (ePBL). SHIPs will consist of face-to-face PBL (Problem-based Learning) (2½ days) with outcome measure developers as facilitators, using 6 problems generated in consultation with participants. The ePBL will consist of a 6-week web-based course with 6 generic problems developed by content experts.
Outcome Measures: Baseline predictors including demographics, knowledge, attitudes/barriers regarding outcome measures and Readiness to Change will be assessed by self-report. Immediately post-intervention and 6 months later these will be re-administered. Primary qualitative and quantitative evaluations will be conducted 6-months post-intervention to assess the relative effectiveness of KT interventions and to identify elements that contribute to changing clinical behavior. Chart audits will determine the utilization of outcome measures (counts). Incorporation of outcome measures into clinical reasoning will be assessed using an innovative technique: chart-stimulated recall.
The Study Sample: Physical and Occupational Therapists (n=144; 80% power to detect an effect size of 0.5; alpha=0.05) will be recruited in partnership with the national professional associations.
Methods: SHIPS will be conducted in three urban centers in Canada. Participants will be block allocated by a minimization procedure to either of the two interventions to minimize any prognostic differences. Trained evaluators at each site will conduct chart audits and chart-stimulated recall. Trained interviewers will conduct semi-structured interviews focused on identifying critical elements in KT and implementing practice changes. Interviews will be transcribed verbatim.
Analyses: Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), with baseline scores as a covariate, will be used to compare chart-stimulated recall scores at 6-months post-intervention. Secondary analyses will also use ANCOVA with the remaining potential predictors. Qualitative content analysis will be conducted iteratively until saturation is achieved.
Knowledge Impact and Transfer: A strategy for optimal transfer of health outcome measures into practice will be developed and shared with multiple disciplines involved in primary and specialty management of musculoskeletal and childhood disability. In addition, we will work with national professional organizations and Ministries of Health to use the knowledge from this study to support national initiatives on implementation and to assist with best KT practices in health service education.
|Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8S 1C7|
|Principal Investigator:||Joy C MacDermid, PhD||McMaster University|