Epidural Analgesia or Patient-Controlled Analgesia in Treating Patients Who Have Undergone Surgery for Gynecologic Cancer

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified September 2007 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: February 23, 2006
Last updated: July 13, 2011
Last verified: September 2007

RATIONALE: Giving pain medication into the space between the wall of the spinal canal and the covering of the spinal cord or giving it into a vein may help lessen pain caused by cancer surgery. It is not yet known whether epidural analgesia is more effective than patient-controlled analgesia in controlling pain in patients who have undergone surgery for gynecologic cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized clinical trial is studying epidural analgesia to see how well it works compared to patient-controlled analgesia in treating patients who have undergone surgery for gynecologic cancer.

Condition Intervention
Cervical Cancer
Endometrial Cancer
Fallopian Tube Cancer
Ovarian Cancer
Perioperative/Postoperative Complications
Drug: fentanyl citrate
Drug: hydromorphone hydrochloride
Drug: ropivacaine hydrochloride

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Outcomes of Perioperative Epidural Analgesia in Gynecologic Oncology Patients: A Parallel Prospective Cohort and Randomized Clinical Study

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to return to bowel function at discharge

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Pain score daily

Estimated Enrollment: 224
Study Start Date: March 2005
Detailed Description:


  • Determine whether the gradual weaning of an epidural opioid can shorten the duration of postoperative ileus, without worsening pain control, in patients who have undergone surgery for gynecologic cancer.
  • Compare postoperative pain management in patients treated with perioperative epidural analgesia vs patient controlled analgesia.
  • Compare time to ambulation, return of bowel function, and readiness for hospital discharge in patients treated with these pain management interventions.
  • Compare the incidence of perioperative complications (e.g., bleeding, hypotension, thromboembolic events, pneumonia, wound infection, myocardial infection, or death) in patients treated with these pain management interventions.

OUTLINE: This is a partially randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study. Patients choose between epidural analgesia or patient controlled analgesia (PCA) for perioperative pain management. Patients for whom an epidural is contraindicated receive a PCA. Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 treatment groups. Patients in group 1 are stratified according to bowel resection surgery (yes vs no) and prior abdominal surgery (yes vs no).

  • Group 1 (epidural): Patients undergo placement of a thoracic epidural catheter followed by abdominal/pelvic surgery. Patients then begin an epidural infusion of ropivacaine hydrochloride and fentanyl immediately after surgery (postoperative day 0). Patients may also be supplemented with a patient controlled demand dose. The day after surgery (postoperative day 1), patients are randomized (as long as there is adequate pain control) to 1 of 2 epidural management arms.

    • Arm I: Patients continue to receive the epidural infusion until they can be weaned to oral pain medication.
    • Arm II: Patients undergo daily weaning of the fentanyl concentration of the epidural infusion.
  • Group 2 (PCA): Patients begin PCA immediately after undergoing abdominal/pelvic surgery (postoperative day 0). Patients receive a demand schedule of hydromorphone IV until they can be weaned to oral pain medication.

In both groups, the Gynecologic Oncology pain service may make adjustments to the epidural infusion or PCA for optimal pain management until the patient can be weaned to oral pain medication.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 224 patients will be accrued for this study.


Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Diagnosis of a gynecologic malignancy
  • Scheduled to undergo open abdominal/pelvic surgery (i.e., laparotomy) on the gynecologic oncology service at the University of California San Francisco Medical Center
  • No failed epidural catheters (for patients choosing epidural analgesia)
  • No lumbar epidurals (for patients choosing epidural analgesia)


  • Not specified


  • Not specified
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00295945

United States, California
UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center Recruiting
San Francisco, California, United States, 94115
Contact: Clinical Trials Office - UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensi    877-827-3222      
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Francisco
Study Chair: Lee-may Chen, MD University of California, San Francisco
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00295945     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000459963, UCSF-03423, UCSF-H10588-24197-02
Study First Received: February 23, 2006
Last Updated: July 13, 2011
Health Authority: Unspecified

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage III cervical cancer
recurrent cervical cancer
stage IB cervical cancer
stage IIB cervical cancer
stage IVB cervical cancer
stage IA cervical cancer
stage IIA cervical cancer
stage IVA cervical cancer
recurrent ovarian epithelial cancer
recurrent ovarian germ cell tumor
stage IV ovarian epithelial cancer
stage IV ovarian germ cell tumor
ovarian stromal cancer
recurrent fallopian tube cancer
stage IA fallopian tube cancer
stage IB fallopian tube cancer
stage IC fallopian tube cancer
stage IIA fallopian tube cancer
stage IIB fallopian tube cancer
stage IIC fallopian tube cancer
stage IIIA fallopian tube cancer
stage IIIB fallopian tube cancer
stage IIIC fallopian tube cancer
stage IV fallopian tube cancer
stage IA ovarian epithelial cancer
stage IB ovarian epithelial cancer
stage IC ovarian epithelial cancer
stage IIA ovarian epithelial cancer
stage IIB ovarian epithelial cancer
stage IIC ovarian epithelial cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Endometrial Neoplasms
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Ovarian Neoplasms
Fallopian Tube Neoplasms
Uterine Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Postoperative Complications
Uterine Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Uterine Cervical Diseases
Ovarian Diseases
Adnexal Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Gonadal Disorders
Pathologic Processes
Fallopian Tube Diseases
Analgesics, Opioid
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014