A Study of Two Doses of Intravenous NATRECOR hBNP (Nesiritide) in Patients With Worsening Congestive Heart Failure Who Have Difficulty Breathing at Rest
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of two doses of intravenous NATRECORÂ® hBNP (a recombinant form of the natural human peptide normally secreted by the heart) versus placebo in the treatment of patients with symptomatic, decompressed congestive heart failure (CHF).
Heart Failure, Congestive
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Randomized, Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled Study of Two Doses of NATRECOR hBNP (Nesiritide) Administered as a Continuous Infusion in Subjects With Decompensated CHF|
- Hemodynamic effects assessed by an increase in cardiac output without an increase in heart rate, measured at 1.5, 3, 4.5 and 6 hours.
- Hemodynamic improvements sustained throughout at least 24 hours of infusion: improvements in overall clinical status and specific signs and symptoms of CHF after 6 hours of treatment; reduction in plasma aldosterone levels.
|Study Start Date:||October 1996|
|Study Completion Date:||August 1997|
Human studies reported by SJ Holmes et al, 1993, AM Richards et al, 1993 and M. Yoshimara et al, 1991 show that administration of externally produced hBNP produces vasodilation; antagonism of the hormone system that helps regulate long term blood pressure and blood volume in the body; and an increase in urine output containing large amounts of salt. These studies suggest hBNP may be a potent agent for the treatment of acute congestive heart failure (CHF) with a unique combination of desirable effects on the flow of blood throughout the body; the hormones secreted by the nervous system; and support of copious salt outputs by the renal system not provided by currently available therapies. Plasma hBNP levels are elevated in CHF and hBNP may be one of the body's natural compensatory mechanisms to augment cardiac functions in a failing heart. NATRECOR® hBNP is Scios' proprietary form of hBNP and it is identical to the amino acid sequence in the naturally occurring hormone. This is a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, multicenter study to determine the efficacy of two distinct doses of NATRECOR® hBNP in patients with symptomatic, decompensated congestive heart failure to decrease pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, as measured by a blinded comparison to placebo after 6 hours of treatment. Patients are randomized to receive either a placebo or one of two doses (0.015 or 0.03 µg/kg/min) of NATRECOR® hBNP. The study hypothesis is that NATRECOR ® hBNP is well tolerated and an effective agent for the short-term management of hospitalized patients with symptomatic, decompensated CHF. Patients are randomized to receive either a placebo or one of two doses (0.015 or 0.03 µg/kg/min) of NATRECOR® hBNP. Doses are administered one time only, an intravenous loading bolus, followed by continuous intravenous infusion for 6 hours.