A Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Bevacizumab in Combination With Chemotherapy in Previously Treated Metastatic Breast Cancer (RIBBON 2)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Genentech, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00281697
First received: January 23, 2006
Last updated: July 5, 2013
Last verified: July 2013
  Purpose

This phase III, multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, blinded trial is designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of bevacizumab when combined with standard chemotherapy compared with chemotherapy alone in subjects with previously treated metastatic breast cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Metastatic Breast Cancer
Drug: Bevacizumab
Drug: Placebo
Drug: Standard chemotherapy
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III, Multicenter, Randomized, Placebo-controlled Trial Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Bevacizumab in Combination With Chemotherapy Regimens in Subjects With Previously Treated Metastatic Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Genentech, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: Baseline to data cut-off for analysis of the primary Outcome Measure (up to 3 years, 2 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    PFS was defined as the time from randomization to first documented disease progression (PD) as determined by the investigator using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) or death due to any cause, whichever occurred first. For target lesions, PD was defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum of the longest diameter recorded since treatment started or the appearance of 1 or more new lesions. For non-target lesions, PD was defined as the appearance of 1 or more new lesions and/or unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions. Target lesions should be selected on the basis of their size (those with the longest diameter) and their suitability for accurate repeated measurements by imaging techniques or clinically. All measurable lesions up to a maximum of 5 lesions per organ and 10 lesions in total, representative of all involved organs, should be identified as target lesions.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-free Survival Within Individual Standard Chemotherapy Cohorts (Taxanes, Gemcitabine, Capecitabine, and Vinorelbine) [ Time Frame: Baseline to data cut-off for analysis of the primary Outcome Measure (up to 3 years, 2 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Progression-free survival was defined as the time from randomization to first documented disease progression as determined by the investigator using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) or death due to any cause, whichever occurred first. Results are reported for each of the 4 standard chemotherapy cohorts used in the study.

  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Baseline to the end of the study (up to 6 years, 7 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Overall survival was defined as the time from randomization to death from any cause.

  • One-year Survival [ Time Frame: Baseline to the end of the study (up to 6 years, 7 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of patients who survived 1 year in the study.

  • Objective Response [ Time Frame: Baseline to data cut-off for analysis of the primary Outcome Measure (up to 3 years, 2 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A patient had an objective response if they had a complete response or a partial response determined on two consecutive occasions ≥ 4 weeks apart as determined by the investigator using RECIST. For target lesions, a complete response was defined as the disappearance of all target lesions; a partial response was defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum longest diameter. For non-target lesions, a complete response was defined as the disappearance of all non-target lesions; a partial response was defined as the persistence of 1 or more non-target lesions.

  • Duration of Objective Response [ Time Frame: Baseline to data cut-off for analysis of the primary Outcome Measure (up to 3 years, 2 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Duration of objective response was defined as the time from the initial response to documented disease progression or death from any cause, whichever occurred first. Duration of objective response was only analyzed in patients who achieved an objective response.


Enrollment: 684
Study Start Date: February 2006
Study Completion Date: September 2012
Primary Completion Date: March 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Standard chemotherapy + bevacizumab
Patients received one of several standard chemotherapies for metastatic breast cancer plus bevacizumab in a dose of either 10 mg/kg intravenously (IV) every 2 weeks or 15 mg/kg IV every 3 weeks depending upon the schedule of chemotherapy chosen.
Drug: Bevacizumab
The dose of bevacizumab was based on a patient's weight at baseline and remained the same throughout the study.
Other Name: Avastin
Drug: Standard chemotherapy

Patients received one of the following four standard chemotherapies for metastatic breast cancer.

  1. Taxane - Paclitaxel (Taxol) 90 mg/m^2 IV every week for 3 weeks followed by 1 week of rest; paclitaxel (Taxol) 175 mg/m^2 IV every 3 weeks, or paclitaxel protein-bound particles (Abraxane) 260 mg/m^2 IV every 3 weeks; or docetaxel (Taxotere) 75-100 mg/m^2 IV every 3 weeks.
  2. Gemcitabine (Gemzar) 1250 mg/m^2 IV on Days 1 and 8 of each 3-week cycle.
  3. Vinorelbine (Navelbine) 30 mg/m^2 IV every week of each 3-week cycle.
  4. Capecitabine (Xeloda) 1000 mg/m^2 orally twice daily on Days 1-14 of each 3-week cycle.
Placebo Comparator: Standard chemotherapy + placebo
Patients received one of several standard chemotherapies for metastatic breast cancer plus placebo to bevacizumab administered IV either every 2 weeks or every 3 weeks depending upon the schedule of chemotherapy chosen.
Drug: Placebo Drug: Standard chemotherapy

Patients received one of the following four standard chemotherapies for metastatic breast cancer.

  1. Taxane - Paclitaxel (Taxol) 90 mg/m^2 IV every week for 3 weeks followed by 1 week of rest; paclitaxel (Taxol) 175 mg/m^2 IV every 3 weeks, or paclitaxel protein-bound particles (Abraxane) 260 mg/m^2 IV every 3 weeks; or docetaxel (Taxotere) 75-100 mg/m^2 IV every 3 weeks.
  2. Gemcitabine (Gemzar) 1250 mg/m^2 IV on Days 1 and 8 of each 3-week cycle.
  3. Vinorelbine (Navelbine) 30 mg/m^2 IV every week of each 3-week cycle.
  4. Capecitabine (Xeloda) 1000 mg/m^2 orally twice daily on Days 1-14 of each 3-week cycle.

Detailed Description:

For all Outcome Measures except Overall Survival and One-year Survival, the Time Frame was from Baseline to data cut-off for analysis of the primary Outcome Measure (up to 3 years 2 months). For the Outcome Measures Overall Survival and One-year Survival, the Time Frame was from Baseline to the end of the study (up to 6 years, 7 months).

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Signed informed consent form.
  • ≥ 18 years of age.
  • Histologically confirmed carcinoma of the breast with measurable or non-measurable metastatic disease that has progressed (patients with a history of brain metastasis are eligible for study participation [USA only], as long as their brain metastases have been treated and they have no evidence of progression or hemorrhage after treatment and no ongoing requirement for dexamethasone).
  • Progression of disease during or following administration of one (non-investigational) chemotherapy regimen administered in the first-line setting.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1.
  • For women of childbearing potential, use of an effective means of non-hormonal contraception.
  • Life expectancy ≥ 3 months.
  • Willingness and capacity to comply with study and follow-up procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior hormonal therapy only as treatment for metastatic disease without chemotherapy. Patients must have received chemotherapy for their metastatic disease in the first-line setting. Hormone therapy alone is not allowed.
  • For subjects who have received prior anthracycline-based therapy, documentation of left ventricular ejection fraction < 50% by either multiple gated acquisition (MUGA) or echocardiogram (ECHO).
  • Treatment with more than one prior cytotoxic regimen for metastatic breast cancer (MBC).
  • HER2-positive status (patients who have unknown HER2 status, and for whom determination of HER2 status is not possible, are eligible for this study).
  • Unknown estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) status.
  • Radiation therapy other than for palliation or brain metastasis, biologic therapy, or chemotherapy for MBC within 21 days prior to Day 0 (Day 1 of Cycle 1 of treatment).
  • Prior therapy with bevacizumab or other vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway-targeted therapy.
  • Untreated brain metastasis.
  • Inadequately controlled hypertension.
  • Unstable angina.
  • New York Heart Association Grade II or greater congestive heart failure (CHF).
  • History of myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to Day 0 (the day of the first bevacizumab/placebo infusion).
  • History of stroke or transient ischemic attack within 6 months prior to Day 0.
  • Clinically significant peripheral vascular disease.
  • Evidence of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy.
  • Major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to Day 0; anticipation of need for major elective surgical procedure during the study.
  • Minor surgical procedures, fine-needle aspirations, or core biopsies within 7 days prior to Day 0.
  • History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within 6 months prior to Day 0.
  • Serious, non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture.
  • History of anaphylactic reaction to monoclonal antibody therapy not controlled with treatment premedication.
  • History of other malignancies within 5 years of Day 0, except for tumors with a negligible risk for metastasis or death, such as adequately controlled basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix.
  • inadequate organ function.
  • Pregnancy (positive serum pregnancy test) or lactation.
  • Any other diseases, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates the use of an investigational drug or that may affect the interpretation of the results or renders the subject at high risk from treatment complications.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00281697

Sponsors and Collaborators
Genentech, Inc.
Investigators
Study Director: Leo Faoro, MD Genentech, Inc.
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Genentech, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00281697     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AVF3693g
Study First Received: January 23, 2006
Results First Received: August 23, 2012
Last Updated: July 5, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Genentech, Inc.:
Ribbon 2
Avastin
MBC
Breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Skin Diseases
Bevacizumab
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Growth Inhibitors
Growth Substances
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 29, 2014