Autoimmune Dysregulation in Pigmentary Glaucoma
Based on these recent observations and findings in this new animal model of pigmentary glaucoma in the DBA/2J mouse, we propose that immune system abnormalities in the anterior chamber may play a possible role in the development of pigmentary glaucoma and possibly primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) in humans.
Primary Open Angle Glaucoma
Procedure: Trabeculectomy and cataract surgery
Procedure: Cataract surgery
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
|Official Title:||Autoimmune Dysregulation in Pigmentary Glaucoma|
- Autoimmune Dysergulation in Pigmentary Glaucoma [ Time Frame: 4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||February 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
The aim is to establish, through tissue and aqueous analysis of patients with pigmentary glaucoma, POAG and normal controls, that markers for anterior chamber autoimmune dysfunction occur in significantly different amounts in patients with these conditions when compared to normal controls. We also will attempt to establish, through proven methodologies of tissue gene expression, that the source of these differences in markers, notably PEDF and IL-18, is from the uveal tissues of the anterior chamber, most importantly the iris and possibly the trabecular meshwork as well.
The actual etiology at the cellular level of elevated intraocular pressure and the development of pigmentary glaucoma is not well understood in humans. If anterior chamber immune dysfunction were shown to be an important factor in the development of this disease in humans, which apparently is demonstrated by the DBA/2J mouse, it would lead to an important area of further investigation and possible novel approaches in treating or preventing this disease in humans.
We hypothesize that in patients with pigmentary glaucoma, the amount of PEDF in the aqueous is significantly reduced while IL-18 is significantly elevated when compared to the aqueous of normal controls. In patients with POAG, we hypothesize similar results for PEDF, although significantly less reduction of PEDF when compared to the pigmentary glaucoma patients may be an interesting finding as well. With regard to IL-18, it is possible that amounts would be significantly elevated in the pigmentary glaucoma patients when compared to both normal controls and POAG patients. In view of the results from the DBA/2J mouse model, we hope to determine whether expression of PEDF could be down regulated in the iris and/or trabecular meshwork of pigmentary glaucoma patients when compared to POAG patients and whether IL-18 expression in these tissues could be up regulated in pigmentary glaucoma patients when compared to POAG patients.
Such findings would strongly suggest that anterior chamber immune abnormalities play a role in the etiology of pigmentary glaucoma in humans. It already has been suggested that decreased amounts and expression of PEDF are found in patients with glaucoma and other neurodegenerative diseases of the eye. However, the source of the decreased expression has not been identified. If IL-18 production is elevated in pigmentary glaucoma and is up regulated in the anterior chamber structures of the eye in human patients with the disease, this also would be highly suggestive that localized anterior chamber immune dysfunction plays a role in the development of this disease.
Depending on our findings, additional investigations of autoimmune dysregulation in pigmentary glaucoma (and perhaps other secondary glaucomas) may help determine the predictive value of such markers in identifying whether or not patients with pigment dispersion syndrome develop glaucomatous damage.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00280345
|United States, Oklahoma|
|Dean A. McGee Eye Institute|
|Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States, 73104|
|Principal Investigator:||STEVEN R SARKISIAN, MD||Dean A. McGee Eye Institute|