H5 Adult - Chiron Study of Bird Flu Vaccine

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00280033
First received: January 19, 2006
Last updated: September 12, 2013
Last verified: January 2009
  Purpose

This study is will gather critical information on the safety, tolerability, and the immunogenicity (capability of causing an immune response) of A/H5N1 (Bird flu) virus vaccine in healthy adults. Up to 400 healthy adults, aged 18 to 64, will participate. Each subject will participate for about 7 months and will be randomly placed in one of several different study groups receiving a different dose of vaccine or placebo. All subjects will receive two injections of their assigned study product, about 28 days apart, in the muscle. Subjects will keep a journal of their temperature and any adverse effects between study visits. A small amount of blood will also be drawn before the first injection, 7 days after each injection, 1 month after the first injection, and 1 and 6 months after the second injection.


Condition Intervention Phase
Influenza
Biological: Aluminum hydroxide
Biological: Inactivated Influenza A/H5N1 Vaccine (Chiron)
Biological: MF-59
Drug: Placebo
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Phase I/II, Dose-Ranging Study of the Safety, Reactogenicity, and Immunogenicity of Intramuscular Inactivated Influenza A/H5N1 Vaccine Given Alone or Combined With Adjuvants in Healthy Adults

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Geometric mean titer and frequency of 4-fold or greater increases in serum hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) antibody titers in each group 28 days after receipt of the second dose of vaccine. [ Time Frame: Approximately Day 56. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Adverse event or SAE information (solicited in-clinic and via memory aids, concomitant medications, and periodic targeted physical assessments). [ Time Frame: Adverse events will be collected through 28 days following the second dose of vaccine (approximately Day 56). Serious adverse events will be collected throughout the study through Day 208. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Proportion of subjects in each group achieving a serum neutralizing antibody titer ratio of 1:40 against the influenza A/H5N1 virus 28 days following second dose of vaccine. [ Time Frame: Approximately Day 56. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Proportion of subjects in each dose group achieving a serum hemagglutination (HAI) antibody titer of 1:40 against the influenza A/H5N1 virus 28 days after receipt of the second dose of vaccine. [ Time Frame: Approximately Day 56. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Geometric mean titer (GMT) and frequency of 4-fold or greater increases in neutralizing antibody titers in each group 28 days after receipt of the second dose of vaccine. [ Time Frame: Approximately Day 56. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Geometric mean titer and the frequency of 4-fold or greater increases in neutralizing antibody titers in each group 1 month after receipt of each dose, and 7 months after receipt of the first dose of vaccine. [ Time Frame: Blood samples for serum assays will be collected at Day 0 and at Days 28, 56, and 208 after the first immunization. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Geometric mean titer and the frequency of 4-fold or greater increases in serum HAI antibody titers 1 month after receipt of each dose, and 7 months after receipt of the first dose of vaccine. [ Time Frame: Blood samples for serum assays will be collected at Day 0 and at Days 28, 56, and 208 after the first immunization. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Development of serum antibody responses against antigenically drifted variants of H5N1influenza virus. [ Time Frame: Blood samples for serum assays will be collected at Day 0 and at Days 28, 56, and 208 after the first immunization. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 394
Study Start Date: February 2006
Study Completion Date: November 2006
Primary Completion Date: November 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: 9
Saline administered on days 0 and 28.
Drug: Placebo
Saline placebo.
Experimental: 8
45 mcg alone administered on days 0 and 28.
Biological: Inactivated Influenza A/H5N1 Vaccine (Chiron)
Monovalent subvirion H5N1 vaccine (HA of A/Vietnam/1203/04) provided in unit-dose vials containing 60 mcg/mL A/H5N1 HA as determined by single radial immunodiffusion. It may be formulated with MF59 or aluminum hydroxide. Dosages: 7.5 mcg, 15 mcg, 30 mcg, or 45 mcg.
Experimental: 7
30 mcg plus aluminum hydroxide administered on days 0 and 28.
Biological: Aluminum hydroxide
Provided in vials that contain 0.8 mL volume per vial.
Biological: Inactivated Influenza A/H5N1 Vaccine (Chiron)
Monovalent subvirion H5N1 vaccine (HA of A/Vietnam/1203/04) provided in unit-dose vials containing 60 mcg/mL A/H5N1 HA as determined by single radial immunodiffusion. It may be formulated with MF59 or aluminum hydroxide. Dosages: 7.5 mcg, 15 mcg, 30 mcg, or 45 mcg.
Experimental: 6
30 mcg alone administered on days 0 and 28.
Biological: Inactivated Influenza A/H5N1 Vaccine (Chiron)
Monovalent subvirion H5N1 vaccine (HA of A/Vietnam/1203/04) provided in unit-dose vials containing 60 mcg/mL A/H5N1 HA as determined by single radial immunodiffusion. It may be formulated with MF59 or aluminum hydroxide. Dosages: 7.5 mcg, 15 mcg, 30 mcg, or 45 mcg.
Experimental: 5
15 mcg plus aluminum hydroxide administered on days 0 and 28.
Biological: Aluminum hydroxide
Provided in vials that contain 0.8 mL volume per vial.
Biological: Inactivated Influenza A/H5N1 Vaccine (Chiron)
Monovalent subvirion H5N1 vaccine (HA of A/Vietnam/1203/04) provided in unit-dose vials containing 60 mcg/mL A/H5N1 HA as determined by single radial immunodiffusion. It may be formulated with MF59 or aluminum hydroxide. Dosages: 7.5 mcg, 15 mcg, 30 mcg, or 45 mcg.
Experimental: 4
15 mcg plus MF59 administered on days 0 and 28.
Biological: Inactivated Influenza A/H5N1 Vaccine (Chiron)
Monovalent subvirion H5N1 vaccine (HA of A/Vietnam/1203/04) provided in unit-dose vials containing 60 mcg/mL A/H5N1 HA as determined by single radial immunodiffusion. It may be formulated with MF59 or aluminum hydroxide. Dosages: 7.5 mcg, 15 mcg, 30 mcg, or 45 mcg.
Biological: MF-59
Proprietary experimental adjuvant. Provided in vials that contain 0.7 mL volume per vial.
Experimental: 3
15 mcg alone administered on days 0 and 28.
Biological: Inactivated Influenza A/H5N1 Vaccine (Chiron)
Monovalent subvirion H5N1 vaccine (HA of A/Vietnam/1203/04) provided in unit-dose vials containing 60 mcg/mL A/H5N1 HA as determined by single radial immunodiffusion. It may be formulated with MF59 or aluminum hydroxide. Dosages: 7.5 mcg, 15 mcg, 30 mcg, or 45 mcg.
Experimental: 2
7.5 mcg plus aluminum hydroxide administered on days 0 and 28.
Biological: Aluminum hydroxide
Provided in vials that contain 0.8 mL volume per vial.
Biological: Inactivated Influenza A/H5N1 Vaccine (Chiron)
Monovalent subvirion H5N1 vaccine (HA of A/Vietnam/1203/04) provided in unit-dose vials containing 60 mcg/mL A/H5N1 HA as determined by single radial immunodiffusion. It may be formulated with MF59 or aluminum hydroxide. Dosages: 7.5 mcg, 15 mcg, 30 mcg, or 45 mcg.
Experimental: 1
7.5 mcg plus MF59 administered on days 0 and 28.
Biological: Inactivated Influenza A/H5N1 Vaccine (Chiron)
Monovalent subvirion H5N1 vaccine (HA of A/Vietnam/1203/04) provided in unit-dose vials containing 60 mcg/mL A/H5N1 HA as determined by single radial immunodiffusion. It may be formulated with MF59 or aluminum hydroxide. Dosages: 7.5 mcg, 15 mcg, 30 mcg, or 45 mcg.
Biological: MF-59
Proprietary experimental adjuvant. Provided in vials that contain 0.7 mL volume per vial.

Detailed Description:

The emergence of novel influenza A virus strains in humans (including subtype A/H5N1, H7N7 H9N2 viruses) has added urgency to ongoing efforts to develop plans for responding to potential pandemic situations. This study compares the safety, reactogenicity, and immunogenicity of increasing doses of monovalent subvirion influenza A/H5N1 virus vaccine administered by intramuscular (IM) injection to healthy adults alone or combined with the adjuvants aluminum hydroxide or MF59. The primary objectives are to determine: the dose-related safety of subvirion inactivated H5N1vaccine with and without adjuvants in healthy adults; the dose-related immunogenicity of subvirion inactivated H5N1vaccine with and without adjuvants in healthy adults approximately 1 month following receipt of 2 vaccine doses; to provide information for the selection of the best dosage level for further studies. The secondary objectives are to evaluate dose-related immunogenicity and the percent of subjects responding about 1 and 7 months after the first vaccination. The primary endpoints are: adverse event (AE) or serious adverse event (SAE) information; proportion of subjects in each dose group achieving a serum neutralizing antibody titer of 1:40 against the influenza A/H5N1 virus 28 days after receipt of the second dose of vaccine; proportion of subjects in each dose group achieving a serum hemagglutination (HAI) antibody titer of 1:40 against the influenza A/H5N1 virus 28 days after receipt of the second dose of vaccine; geometric mean titer (GMT) and frequency of 4-fold or greater increases in neutralizing antibody titers in each group 28 days after receipt of the second dose of vaccine; geometric mean titer and frequency of 4-fold or greater increases in serum HAI antibody titers in each group 28 days after receipt of the second dose of vaccine. The secondary endpoints are: GMT and frequency of 4-fold or greater increases in neutralizing antibody titers in each group 1 month and 7 months after receipt of the first dose of vaccine; geometric mean titer and frequency of 4-fold or greater increases in serum HAI antibody titers in each group 1 month and 7 months after receipt of the first dose of vaccine; development of serum antibody responses against antigenically drifted variants of H5N1 influenza virus. The primary outcome measures will be the frequencies and severities of AEs in each group and the proportions of subjects who achieve a serum neutralizing antibody titer of 1:40 against the influenza A/H5N1 virus on Day 56. About 390 healthy adults, 18 to 64 years old, inclusive, will be enrolled into this multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, dose-ranging clinical trial. Nine groups of randomized subjects will receive two doses of saline placebo or influenza A/H5N1 vaccine at 45, 30, or 15 micrograms; or influenza A/H5N1 vaccine at 15 or 7.5 micrograms with MF59; or influenza A/H5N1 vaccine with aluminum hydroxide at 30, 15, or 7.5 micrograms (N=30, 60 or 90/vaccine dose group total 390). Laboratory safety profile blood will be drawn prior to the first immunization. Subjects will receive 2 doses approximately 28 days apart. Subjects will be observed after inoculation and maintain a memory aid for 7 days afterwards. Subjects will be telephoned 1 to 3 days after vaccination for AE assessment, and they will return to the clinic on Day 7 for AE and concomitant medication assessment, targeted physical examination, safety laboratory tests and a review of the memory aid. Telephone calls assessing AEs will be performed after each vaccination. Serum for safety laboratory tests will be obtained prior to and approximately 7 days after first and second immunizations. I

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 64 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy male or nonpregnant female (as indicated by a negative urine pregnancy test immediately prior to vaccine administration) between the ages of 18 and 64 years, inclusive.
  • Women of childbearing potential (not surgically sterile or post menopausal for greater than or equal to one year) must agree to practice adequate contraception (i.e., barrier method, abstinence, and licensed hormonal methods) for the entire study period.
  • Is in good health, as determined by vital signs (heart rate, blood pressure, oral temperature), medical history and a targeted physical examination based on medical history.
  • Subjects should have normal safety laboratory values (Hgb, WBC, Plt, ALT, and creatinine) prior to the first immunization.
  • Able to understand and comply with planned study procedures.
  • Provides written informed consent prior to initiation of any study procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has a known allergy to eggs or other components of the vaccine or latex.
  • Has a positive urine pregnancy test prior to vaccination (if female of childbearing potential) or women who are breastfeeding.
  • Is undergoing immunosuppression as a result of an underlying illness or treatment.
  • Has an active neoplastic disease or a history of any hematologic malignancy.
  • Is using oral or parenteral steroids, high-dose inhaled steroids (greater than 800 micrograms/day of beclomethasone dipropionate or equivalent) or other immunosuppressive or cytotoxic drugs (nasal and topical steroids are allowed).
  • Has a history of receiving immunoglobulin or other blood products within the 3 months prior to vaccination in this study.
  • Has received any other licensed vaccines within 2 weeks (for inactivated vaccines) or 4 weeks (for live vaccines) prior to vaccination in this study.
  • Has an acute or chronic medical condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would render vaccination unsafe or would interfere with the evaluation of responses (this includes, but is not limited to: known chronic liver disease, significant renal disease, unstable or progressive neurological disorders, diabetes mellitus, and transplant recipients).
  • Has a history of severe reactions following immunization with contemporary influenza virus vaccines.
  • Has an acute illness, including an oral temperature greater than 100.4 degrees F, within 1 week of vaccination.
  • Received an experimental agent (vaccine, drug, biologic, device, blood product, or medication) within 1 month prior to vaccination in this study, or expects to receive an experimental agent during the 7-month study period.
  • Has any condition that would, in the opinion of the site investigator, place the subject at an unacceptable risk of injury or render the subject unable to meet the requirements of the protocol.
  • Participated in H5 vaccine study in the past.
  • Known current HIV, hepatitis B (HBsAg) or hepatitis C infection.
  • History of alcohol or drug abuse in the last 5 years.
  • Planned travel outside the US between vaccination and the second study visit.
  • History of Guillain-Barre.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00280033

Locations
United States, California
Stanford University
Stanford, California, United States, 94305-5208
United States, Missouri
Saint Louis University
St. Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
United States, Ohio
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45229-3039
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00280033     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 04-062
Study First Received: January 19, 2006
Last Updated: September 12, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
United States: Federal Government
United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
H5N1, Influenza, vaccine, parent protocol

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Influenza, Human
Orthomyxoviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Aluminum Hydroxide
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Antacids
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 16, 2014