Temozolomide in Treating Young Patients With High-Risk Relapsed or Refractory Neuroblastoma
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing.
PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well temozolomide works in treating patients with high-risk relapsed or refractory neuroblastoma.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase II Study of Temozolomide (Temodal) in Children Over 1 Year of Age With Relapsed or Refractory High Risk Neuroblastoma|
|Study Start Date:||April 2003|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2006|
- Determine the anti-tumor activity of temozolomide in young patients with high-risk relapsed or refractory neuroblastoma.
- Determine the duration of response in patients treated with this drug.
- Determine tolerability of this drug in these patients
- Determine the tumor expression of the cellular repair mechanisms which repair DNA damage (O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase [MGMT] and mismatch repair [MMR] systems) in patients treated with this drug.
- Correlate MGMT and MMR expression with outcomes in patients treated with this drug.
- Determine if MGMT and MMR expression/activity changes in the tumor during initial presentation, treatment, and relapse/progression in patients treated with this drug.
- Determine the activity of MGMT in bone marrow taken at relapse, in terms of hematological toxicity, in patients treated with this drug.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, open label, nonrandomized study.
Patients receive oral temozolomide once daily for 5 days. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 2 courses. Patients achieving stable or responding disease after completion of the 2 courses may receive up to 10 additional courses of treatment in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 25 patients will be accrued for this study.
|Centre Hospitalier Regional de Purpan|
|Toulouse, France, 31026|
|Our Lady's Hospital for Sick Children|
|Dublin, Ireland, 12|
|Birmingham Children's Hospital|
|Birmingham, England, United Kingdom, B4 6NH|
|Institute of Child Health at University of Bristol|
|Bristol, England, United Kingdom, BS2 8AE|
|Addenbrooke's Hospital at Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust|
|Cambridge, England, United Kingdom, CB2 2QQ|
|Leeds Cancer Centre at St. James's University Hospital|
|Leeds, England, United Kingdom, LS9 7TF|
|Leicester Royal Infirmary|
|Leicester, England, United Kingdom, LE1 5WW|
|Royal Liverpool Children's Hospital, Alder Hey|
|Liverpool, England, United Kingdom, L12 2AP|
|Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust|
|London, England, United Kingdom, WC1N 3JH|
|Royal London Hospital|
|London, England, United Kingdom, E1 1BB|
|Central Manchester and Manchester Children's University Hospitals NHS Trust|
|Manchester, England, United Kingdom, M27 4HA|
|Sir James Spence Institute of Child Health|
|Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, England, United Kingdom, NE1 4LP|
|Queen's Medical Centre|
|Nottingham, England, United Kingdom, NG7 2UH|
|Oxford Radcliffe Hospital|
|Oxford, England, United Kingdom, 0X3 9DU|
|Children's Hospital - Sheffield|
|Sheffield, England, United Kingdom, S10 2TH|
|Southampton General Hospital|
|Southampton, England, United Kingdom, SO16 6YD|
|Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust - Surrey|
|Sutton, England, United Kingdom, SM2 5PT|
|Royal Belfast Hospital for Sick Children|
|Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom, BT12 6BE|
|Royal Aberdeen Children's Hospital|
|Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom, AB25 2ZG|
|Royal Hospital for Sick Children|
|Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom, EH9 1LF|
|Royal Hospital for Sick Children|
|Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom, G3 8SJ|
|Childrens Hospital for Wales|
|Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom, CF14 4XW|
|Study Chair:||Herve Rubie, MD||Centre Hospitalier Regional de Purpan|
|Investigator:||Andrew David J. Pearson, MD, FRCP, DCh||University of Newcastle Upon-Tyne|
|Investigator:||Julia Chisholm, MD||Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust|