Electrical Polarization of the Brain in Corticobasal Syndrome

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00273897
First received: January 7, 2006
Last updated: May 5, 2010
Last verified: December 2008
  Purpose

This study will test whether DC electrical polarization of the brain can temporarily improve hand function in patients with corticobasal syndrome (CBS). In this degenerative disorder of the brain, nerve cells die over time, causing a progressive decline in the patient's ability to use their hands. This is always worse on one side. Other symptoms include arm or leg stiffness, tremor, gait unsteadiness, and speech difficulty. Some patients also have some decline in thinking ability, such as loss of skilled activities, poor problem solving abilities poor concentration, problems with language, and forgetfulness,. DC electrical polarization of the brain involves placing sponge electrodes on the head and passing a very weak current between them. DC polarization can temporarily improve the ability of healthy people to make word lists and may improve symptoms in some brain diseases.

Patients 40 and older with CBS who have participated in NINDS protocol 02-N-0001 ("Testing a Model of the Representational Knowledge Stored in the Human Prefrontal Cortex") may be eligible for this study. In protocol 02-N-0001, participants provide a medical history, undergo a neurological examination, PET scanning and MRI, and complete tests, such as sitting in front of a computer monitor and press a key to indicate a decision about what appears on the screen (for example, whether a statement is accurate) and answering questions from a test examiner.

For the current protocol, participants have three 2-hour testing sessions at the NIH Clinical Center, scheduled at least one day apart. In each session, sponge electrodes are placed on the head so that they affect different areas of the brain. Two areas are involved with hand movement; the third does not. The electrodes are dampened with water and attached to the sides of the patient's head. When the current is turned on, the patient may feel some tingling. The current is on for 40 minutes, but can be reduced or stopped early if the tingling becomes uncomfortable.

Before and during each session, the patients' hand function is tested by having them perform and imitate some actions, insert pegs into holes on a board, and tap their index finger as fast as they can. Part or all of the sessions are videotaped for use in evaluating the effects of DC polarization.


Condition Intervention Phase
Corticobasal Syndrome
Device: Phoresor II
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Direct Current Brain Polarization for Apraxia in Corticobasal Syndrome

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Validated test of ideational and ideomotor apraxia. [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Measures of hand dexterity and coordination.

Estimated Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: December 2005
Primary Completion Date: December 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Device: Phoresor II
    N/A
Detailed Description:

Objective: In a recent sham-controlled pilot study, we showed that surface anodal direct current (DC) polarization can improve verbal fluency in frontotemporal dementia patients. Corticobasilar syndrome is a related disorder that presents with disordered limb movement, particularly the loss of stored motor programs, (ideational/ideomotor apraxia) and impaired hand function. Conventional neurorehabilitation is typically unsuccessful in this disorder. We wish to see whether anodal polarization of the inferior parietal cortex (IPC) in CBS patients leads to improved movement and whether the improvement is specifically in the generation of stored movements (praxis). We will also apply polarization to the primary sensorimotor area (SM1), where we expect any effects to be on elemental aspects of movement, such as finger tapping speed. Study population: Twenty CBS patients will be enrolled. Design: This single blind crossover study will have three arms: anodal DC to IPC, anodal DC to SM1, and a control condition: polarization with the electrodes placed on the right and left occipital areas. Outcome Measures: The primary outcome measure is a validated test of ideational and ideomotor apraxia. Secondary outcomes are measures of hand dexterity and coordination.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 90 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:
  • Clinically diagnosed CBS, consisting of progressive asymmetric rigidity and apraxia and additional findings suggesting cortical (e.g., one or more of the following: alien limb phenomenon, apraxia of speech, cortical sensory loss, constructional dyspraxia, hemisensory neglect, myoclonus, mirror movements) and basal ganglionic (e.g., one or more of the following: bradykinesia, dystonia, tremor, postural instability) dysfunction.
  • Patients fitting these criteria will be identified among those referred to protocol 02-N-0001. All must have been evaluated under this protocol.
  • Enough residual hand function on one side to perform the tests.
  • Age greater than or equal to 40: This limit is justified because the diagnosis of CBS would be very uncertain in anyone under this age.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Presence of metal in the cranial cavity or calvarium.
  • Uncontrolled medical problems, such as uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, hypertension, airway disease, heart failure, coronary artery disease, or any other condition that poses a risk for participation.
  • Broken skin in the area of the electrodes.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00273897

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Eric M. Wassermann, M.D./National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00273897     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 060067, 06-N-0067
Study First Received: January 7, 2006
Last Updated: May 5, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Dementia Treatment
Hand Function
Clinical Trials
Dementia
Cortical Syndrome
CBS
Apraxia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Syndrome
Disease
Pathologic Processes

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 01, 2014