Electrical Polarization of the Brain in Corticobasal Syndrome
This study will test whether DC electrical polarization of the brain can temporarily improve hand function in patients with corticobasal syndrome (CBS). In this degenerative disorder of the brain, nerve cells die over time, causing a progressive decline in the patient's ability to use their hands. This is always worse on one side. Other symptoms include arm or leg stiffness, tremor, gait unsteadiness, and speech difficulty. Some patients also have some decline in thinking ability, such as loss of skilled activities, poor problem solving abilities poor concentration, problems with language, and forgetfulness,. DC electrical polarization of the brain involves placing sponge electrodes on the head and passing a very weak current between them. DC polarization can temporarily improve the ability of healthy people to make word lists and may improve symptoms in some brain diseases.
Patients 40 and older with CBS who have participated in NINDS protocol 02-N-0001 ("Testing a Model of the Representational Knowledge Stored in the Human Prefrontal Cortex") may be eligible for this study. In protocol 02-N-0001, participants provide a medical history, undergo a neurological examination, PET scanning and MRI, and complete tests, such as sitting in front of a computer monitor and press a key to indicate a decision about what appears on the screen (for example, whether a statement is accurate) and answering questions from a test examiner.
For the current protocol, participants have three 2-hour testing sessions at the NIH Clinical Center, scheduled at least one day apart. In each session, sponge electrodes are placed on the head so that they affect different areas of the brain. Two areas are involved with hand movement; the third does not. The electrodes are dampened with water and attached to the sides of the patient's head. When the current is turned on, the patient may feel some tingling. The current is on for 40 minutes, but can be reduced or stopped early if the tingling becomes uncomfortable.
Before and during each session, the patients' hand function is tested by having them perform and imitate some actions, insert pegs into holes on a board, and tap their index finger as fast as they can. Part or all of the sessions are videotaped for use in evaluating the effects of DC polarization.
|Study Design:||Primary Purpose: Treatment|
|Official Title:||Direct Current Brain Polarization for Apraxia in Corticobasal Syndrome|
- Validated test of ideational and ideomotor apraxia. [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Measures of hand dexterity and coordination.
|Study Start Date:||December 2005|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Device: Phoresor II
Objective: In a recent sham-controlled pilot study, we showed that surface anodal direct current (DC) polarization can improve verbal fluency in frontotemporal dementia patients. Corticobasilar syndrome is a related disorder that presents with disordered limb movement, particularly the loss of stored motor programs, (ideational/ideomotor apraxia) and impaired hand function. Conventional neurorehabilitation is typically unsuccessful in this disorder. We wish to see whether anodal polarization of the inferior parietal cortex (IPC) in CBS patients leads to improved movement and whether the improvement is specifically in the generation of stored movements (praxis). We will also apply polarization to the primary sensorimotor area (SM1), where we expect any effects to be on elemental aspects of movement, such as finger tapping speed. Study population: Twenty CBS patients will be enrolled. Design: This single blind crossover study will have three arms: anodal DC to IPC, anodal DC to SM1, and a control condition: polarization with the electrodes placed on the right and left occipital areas. Outcome Measures: The primary outcome measure is a validated test of ideational and ideomotor apraxia. Secondary outcomes are measures of hand dexterity and coordination.
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|