Lenalidomide (Revlimid) in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Celgene Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00267059
First received: December 19, 2005
Last updated: August 1, 2012
Last verified: August 2012
  Purpose

The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if lenalidomide (Revlimid®) can help to control CLL in patients who have already received standard therapy. The safety of lenalidomide will also be studied.


Condition Intervention Phase
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Leukemia
Drug: Lenalidomide
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Lenalidomide (Revlimid) in Patients With Previously Treated Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Patients in Overall Response Categories [ Time Frame: Evaluated after three 28-day cycles of lenalidomide. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Overall Response defined as participant had either complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) assessed after three cycles, at six months and yearly thereafter using the NCI-Working Group Criteria: Complete Response, Complete Response with Nodules, Partial Response, or No Response.


Enrollment: 45
Study Start Date: December 2005
Study Completion Date: August 2009
Primary Completion Date: August 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Lenalidomide Drug: Lenalidomide
10 mg/day, orally once a day for 28 days
Other Names:
  • CC-5013
  • Revlimid

Detailed Description:

Lenalidomide is designed to change the body's immune system and may also interfere with the development of tiny blood vessels that help support tumor growth. Therefore, in theory, it may decrease or prevent the growth of cancer cells.

Before you can start treatment on this study, you will have what are called "screening tests." These tests will help the doctor decide if you are eligible to take part in this study. You will have a complete medical history and physical exam. Blood (between 2-4 teaspoons) and urine will be collected for routine tests. For patients taking Coumadin, blood will be collected (2-4 teaspoons) to measure anticoagulation in order to closely monitor your clotting ability for the purpose of adjusting your Coumadin dose, if necessary. This blood test is called an INR (International Standard Method to follow anticoagulation). You will have a bone marrow biopsy and aspirate. To collect a bone marrow biopsy and aspirate, an area of the hip is numbed with anesthetic, and a small amount of bone marrow and bone is withdrawn through a large needle. These two collections are performed as one single procedure. You also will have an electrocardiogram (ECG - a test that measures the electrical activity of the heart). Women who are able to have children must have a negative urine pregnancy test.

If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will take lenalidomide by mouth every morning at about the same time for 28 days. This is considered 1 cycle. The dose and schedule of lenalidomide may be adjusted up or down depending on how your disease responds and the side effects you experience.

During this study, you will have blood samples (about 1 tablespoon each) taken once a week during the Cycle 1 until a stable dose of lenalidomide has been found. You will then have about 1 tablespoon of blood drawn every 2 weeks for an additional cycle and then once a month from then on while you are on study. Blood tests (about 1 tablespoon each) may be done more frequently if the dose of medication needs to be adjusted or if you experience side effects. Every month during the first 3 months, you will have a physical exam to see how you are doing. You will have a physical exam every 3 months from then on. After the first 3 months of treatment, a bone marrow biopsy and aspirate is going to be collected to evaluate your response to the treatment. In participants who continue to receive treatment, a bone marrow biopsy and aspiration are going to be repeated every 6 months during the first year, and then once a year after that while on study.

You will be required to return to M. D. Anderson at least once a month, for the first 3 months, and until a stable dose of lenalidomide has been established. Following this, you will be required to return at least every 3 months while taking the medication . Women who are able to have children must have a negative pregnancy test 10-14 days before the start of therapy and a repeat pregnancy test 24 hours before the start of lenalidomide, every week for the first 4 weeks, every 4 weeks if they have regular menstruation, every 2 weeks if their periods are irregular, and 30 days after they stop taking lenalidomide. Only if you have had a hysterectomy or no menstrual periods for at least 24 months in a row, will you not be required to have these pregnancy tests and use birth control.

You may continue to receive treatment as long as your disease is responding and no intolerable side effects occur. You will be taken off study if the disease gets worse or intolerable side effects occur.

This is an investigational study. Lenalidomide is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of specific types of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and in combination with dexamethasone for multiple myeloma. Lenalidomide use in chronic lymphocytic leukemia is considered experimental. Up to 45 patients may take part in this study. All will be enrolled at M. D. Anderson.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with B-cell CLL with indications for treatment by National Cancer Institute (NCI) Working Group Criteria, or Rai Stage III or IV or patients with CLL requiring treatment because of any of the following: disease related symptoms, progressive marrow failure (development or worsening of anemia and/or patients' thrombocytopenia) progressive splenomegaly, progressive lymphoadenopathy, progressive lymphocytosis
  2. Patients who have received a minimum of one prior purine analog-based chemotherapy regimen. Prior treatment with corticosteroids, immunotherapy, monoclonal antibody or radiation therapy is permitted. All previous cancer therapy, including radiation, hormonal therapy and surgery must have been discontinued 2 weeks prior to treatment in this study. Any cytotoxic chemotherapy must be discontinued 4 weeks prior to treatment in this study.
  3. Age more or equal to 18 years (CLL is not observed in patients less than 18 years of age).
  4. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG)/World Health Organization (WHO) performance status 0-2.
  5. Adequate renal function indicated by serum creatinine less or equal to 2 and adequate hepatic function indicated as total bilirubin less or equal to 2 times the upper limit of normal.
  6. Understand and sign Informed Consent after the investigational nature, study design, risks and benefits of the study have been explained.
  7. Females of childbearing potential (FCBP)must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 50 mIU/mL within 10 - 14 days prior to and again within 24 hours of starting lenalidomide and must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 4 weeks before she starts taking lenalidomide. FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing.
  8. Continued from #7. Men must agree to use a condom during sexual contact with a female of child bearing potential even if they have had a successful vasectomy. All patients must be counseled at a minimum of every 28 days about pregnancy precautions and risks of fetal exposure.
  9. Continued from #8. A female of childbearing potential is a sexually mature woman who: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months).
  10. Disease free of prior malignancies for 5 years with exception of currently treated basal cell, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma "in situ" of the cervix or breast. Patients with malignancies with indolent behavior such as prostate cancer treated with radiation can be enrolled in the study as long as they have a reasonable expectation to have been cured with treatment modality received.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Known sensitivity to thalidomide or its derivatives
  2. The development of erythema nodosum as characterized by a desquamating rash while taking thalidomide or similar drugs.
  3. Prior use of lenalidomide
  4. Concurrent use of other chemotherapy agents.
  5. Known positivity for Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or infectious hepatitis type A, B or C.
  6. Pregnant or lactating females.
  7. A serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality or psychiatric illness that would pose the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or that would interfere with the ability of the patient to carry out the treatment program or confine the ability to interpret the data from the study.
  8. Documented prolymphocytic leukemia (prolymphocytes more than 55% in the blood).
  9. Active cardiovascular disease as defined by the New York Heart Association class 3 or 4.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00267059

Locations
United States, Texas
UT MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Celgene Corporation
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Alessandra Ferrajoli, MD UT M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00267059     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2005-0175
Study First Received: December 19, 2005
Results First Received: September 24, 2009
Last Updated: August 1, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Lenalidomide
Revlimid
CLL

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Leukemia, B-Cell
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Lenalidomide
Thalidomide
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Immunosuppressive Agents
Leprostatic Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 27, 2014