Extended Treatment With PEG-Intron® and Rebetol® in Patients With Genotype 1 Chronic Hepatitis C and Slow Virologic Response (Study P03685AM3)(COMPLETED)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Schering-Plough
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00265395
First received: December 13, 2005
Last updated: October 28, 2009
Last verified: October 2009
  Purpose

This is a controlled, randomized, parallel-groups, open-label, multinational study designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of PEG-Intron® (pegylated interferon alfa-2b) plus Rebetol® (ribavirin) in subjects with chronic hepatitis C. It is designed to evaluate whether 72 weeks of treatment with PEG-Intron plus Rebetol is more effective than 48 weeks of treatment in subjects with Genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C who exhibit a slow response to treatment.


Condition Intervention Phase
Hepatitis C, Chronic
Drug: Combination of pegylated interferon alfa-2b (PEG-Intron®) and ribavirin (Rebetol®)
Drug: Combination of pegylated interferon alfa-2b and ribavirin
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Study to Assess Treatment With PEG-Intron® and Rebetol® in Naïve Patients With Genotype 1 Chronic Hepatitis C and Slow Virological Response

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Schering-Plough:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Sustained Virologic Response, Defined as a Plasma HCV-RNA (Hepatitis C Ribonucleic Acid) Level Below the LLQ (Lower Level of Quantitation) at 24 Weeks Post-treatment. [ Time Frame: 48 or 72 weeks of treatment plus 24 weeks of follow-up. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 1428
Study Start Date: December 2004
Study Completion Date: May 2008
Primary Completion Date: May 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Standard therapy
Slow responders (defined as being polymerase chain reaction [PCR] positive at Week 12 with at least 2 log reduction in viral load and PCR negative at Week 24) who are randomized at Week 48 to stop treatment at Week 48.
Drug: Combination of pegylated interferon alfa-2b (PEG-Intron®) and ribavirin (Rebetol®)
  1. Powder for injection in vial or Redipen (50, 80, 100, 120, and 150 microgram strengths), subcutaneous, dose of 1.5 micrograms/kg, weekly for 48 weeks
  2. 200 mg capsules, oral, weight based dose of 800-1400 mg, daily for 48 weeks
Other Names:
  • (a) SCH 54031; PEG-Intron; PegIntron; ViraferonPeg.
  • (b) SCH 18908; Rebetol; REBETOL.
Experimental: Extended therapy
Slow responders (defined as being PCR positive at Week 12 with at least 2 log reduction in viral load and PCR negative at Week 24) who are randomized at Week 48 to continue treatment to Week 72.
Drug: Combination of pegylated interferon alfa-2b and ribavirin
  1. Powder for injection in vial or Redipen (50, 80, 100, 120, and 150 microgram strength), subcutaneous, dose of 1.5 micrograms/kg, weekly for 72 weeks.
  2. 200 mg capsules, oral, weight based dose of 800-1400 mg, daily for 72 weeks
Other Names:
  • (a) SCH 54031; PEG-Intron; PegIntron; ViraferonPeg.
  • (b) SCH 18908; Rebetol; REBETOL.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult subjects aged 18 to 70 years, of either sex.
  • Genotype-1 hepatitis C virus (HCV)-ribonucleic acid (RNA)-positive subjects.
  • Subjects must be willing to give written informed consent and able to adhere to dosing and visit schedules.
  • Confirmation of liver biopsy availability: Availability of a liver biopsy performed within 18 months prior to the Screen visit, with a pathology report confirming the histological diagnosis of chronic hepatitis or liver cirrhosis.
  • Compensated liver disease with the following minimum hematological, biochemical, and serological criteria at the screen visit (WNL = within normal limits, ULN = Upper Limit Normal):

    • Hemoglobin values of equal or more than 12 g/dL for females and 13 g/dL for males.
    • White blood cells (WBCs) equal to or more than 3,000/mm^3
    • Neutrophil count equal to or more than 1,500/mm^3
    • Platelet count equal to or more than 80,000/mm^3
    • Direct bilirubin up to 10% above ULN is acceptable.
    • Indirect bilirubin up to 10% above ULN is acceptable (unless non-hepatitis related factors such as Gilbert's disease explain an indirect bilirubin rise). In such cases indirect bilirubin should be less than or equal to 3.0 mg/dL (less than or equal to 51.3 µmol/L)
    • Albumin up to 10% above ULN is acceptable.
    • Serum creatinine up to 10% above ULN is acceptable.
    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level above ULN at Screen.
  • At the Screen Visit, fasting glucose must be 70-140 mg/dL. Results between 116-140 mg/dL require repeat fasting glucose to be less than 140 mg/dL and HbA1C less than or equal to 8.5%. HbA1C must be less than or equal to 8.5% in diabetic subjects (whether on medication or diet controlled).
  • Antinuclear antibodies (ANA) must be less than or equal to 1:320.
  • Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) WNL whether in euthyroid subjects or subjects requiring medical treatment. (subjects requiring medication to maintain TSH levels within normal limits are eligible if all other inclusion/exclusion criteria are met).
  • Confirmation by the principal investigator or a sub-investigator that sexually active females of childbearing potential are practicing adequate contraception.
  • Female subjects cannot be pregnant or breastfeeding and must be either postmenopausal, surgically sterile or using 2 methods of birth control. While abstinence from sexual activity is the only certain method to prevent pregnancy, female patients of childbearing potential who are or who anticipate the possibility of becoming sexually active with a male partner must use a combination of the following 2 methods :

    • Contraceptive pill or intrauterine device (IUD) or depot hormonal preparation (ring, injection implant) and
    • A barrier method of contraception such as diaphragm, sponge with spermicide, condom, or a method of birth control considered acceptable by the study physician. Contraceptive measures will be reviewed with female subjects at each visit. Dual methods of contraception must be used for 1 month prior to the start of treatment and 6 months after treatment discontinuation.
  • A serum pregnancy test obtained at Screen Visit prior to the initiation of treatment must be negative.
  • Confirmation by the principal investigator or a sub-investigator that sexually active male subjects are practicing a method of contraception considered acceptable (vasectomy, condom plus spermicide, plus relationship with a female partner who practices an acceptable method of contraception). Contraception must be used during the treatment period and for seven months (or 6 months, according to local label) after the completion of therapy, including condom use by male subjects with pregnant partners.
  • For subjects with a history of hypertension or diabetes, written clearance from an ophthalmologist has to be obtained prior to treatment start.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant women, women who plan to become pregnant, male subjects whose partner wants to become pregnant, and breastfeeding women.
  • Previous treatment for chronic hepatitis C with an antiviral or immunomodulating agent or with some interferon or ribavirin product, whether alone or in combination.
  • Subjects weighing over 125 kg.
  • Suspected hypersensitivity to any interferon or ribavirin product.
  • Participation in other clinical trial within 30 days prior to screen into this study.
  • Coinfection with hepatitis B virus (HBV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or both.
  • Any cause of liver disease other than chronic hepatitis C, including but not limited to:

    • Hemochromatosis
    • Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency
    • Wilson's disease
    • Autoimmune hepatitis
    • Alcoholic liver disease
    • Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)
    • Drug-related liver disease
  • Active malignant disease or suspicion or history of malignant disease within five previous years (except for adequately treated basal cell carcinoma).
  • Known coagulation diseases such as hemophilia; hemoglobin diseases (e.g. thalassemia).
  • Known glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency
  • Evidence of advanced liver disease such as history or presence of ascites, bleeding varices, or hepatic encephalopathy.
  • Subjects with organ transplants, except for corneal or hair transplant.
  • Any known preexisting medical condition that could interfere with the subject's participation in and completion of study, such as:

    • Preexisting psychiatric condition, especially moderate to severe depression, or a history of severe psychiatric disorder, such as psychosis, suicidal ideation, or suicide attempts. Severe depression includes the following:

      • Hospitalization for depression
      • Electroconvulsive therapy for depression, or
      • Depression causing a prolonged absence from work or significantly altering daily functions.
    • Subjects with mild depression may be considered for entry into the study provided that a pre-treatment assessment demonstrates that the subject's emotional status is clinically stable, in which case a management plan must be formulated for the subject; this management plan will become a part of the subject's medical record.
    • Craniocerebral trauma which is not a concussion, or active seizure disorders requiring medication.
    • Clinically significant electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities and/or cardiovascular dysfunction within 6 previous months (e.g., angina, congestive heart failure, recent myocardial infarction, or significant arrhythmia).
    • Chronic lung disease (e.g., chronic obstructive lung disease)
    • Poorly controlled diabetes mellitus
    • Immune-mediated disease (e.g., inflammatory bowel disease [Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis], idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, systemic lupus erythematosus, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, scleroderma, severe psoriasis)
    • Clinical gout
  • Subject is or was a substance abuser, such as alcohol (80 g/day or more), methadone, intravenous(IV), oral or inhaled drugs. To be considered for inclusion into the protocol, the subject must have abstained and agree to abstain from using any of the above for at least 6 months. Subjects treated with buprenorphine (Subutex) who have been stable for 6 months may be included.
  • Cirrhotic subjects whose ultrasound confirms hepatocellular carcinoma.
  • Any other condition that, in the investigator's opinion, could determine that subject's participation in the study is not indicated or could interfere with the subject's participation in and completion of study.
  • Subjacent disease that potentially would require systematic administration of steroids
  • Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Head, Clinical Trials Registry & Results Disclosure Group, Schering-Plough
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00265395     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P03685, SUCCESS
Study First Received: December 13, 2005
Results First Received: May 15, 2009
Last Updated: October 28, 2009
Health Authority: Spain: Ethics Committee

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatitis
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis, Chronic
Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C, Chronic
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
Interferon-alpha
Interferon Alfa-2a
Interferon Alfa-2b
Interferons
Ribavirin
Peginterferon alfa-2b
Reaferon
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 22, 2014