Temporary Prosthesis in Traumatic Below-knee Amputation
Most trauma survivors in low-income countries develop post-injury chronic pain syndromes. Normally traumatic amputees have to wait 4-6 months for definitive prosthesis fitting. The actual study aims at reducing post-injury chronic pain and improving function by immediate temporary prosthesis fitting after surgery.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Immediate Temporary Prosthesis Fitting in Traumatic Trans-tibial Amputation: a Controlled Clinical Study in Rural Cambodia|
- Pain: Patient-rated [ Time Frame: 1, 3, and 6 months postinjury ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Pain: clinical exam rated [ Time Frame: 1, 3, and 6 months post-injury ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Function: patient-rated [ Time Frame: 1, 3, and 6 months post-injury ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Function: gait analysis [ Time Frame: 1, 3, and 6 months post-injury ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Qualitative longitudinal study of subsets [ Time Frame: 1, 3, and 6 months post-injury ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||March 2006|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2012|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||October 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Device: Temporary tuber-ischii bearing prosthesis
Background: Previous studies document that 75% of traumatic amputees in low-income countries develop incapacitating chronic pain syndromes. With the present level of rehabilitation service, amputees have to wait 4-6 months for postoperative prosthesis fitting.
Hypothesis: Immediate postoperative prosthesis fitting reduce chronic pain and improves function in trans-tibial amputees.
Reference population: Traumatic amputees living in low-income and low-resource communities.
Study population: Adult patients with trans-tibial amputations in rural districts of Battambang Province, Cambodia.
Study design: A semi-cross over controlled study. Supplement:longitudinal qualitative studies of subsets.
Main variables for quantitative study:
- Outcome indicators:Self-rated pain (VAS). Self-rated function (VAS). Pain (clinical exam). Gait analysis.
- Variables: Preinjury morbidity and socioeconomical status. Injury severity (RTS, ISS). Prehospital and hospital analgesia. Postoperative infection. Amputation stump quality (clinical rating).
Sampling: Given test power =0.8, significance level =0.05, sequential analysis of results, an estimate of 15 patients will be included in each study group. The sample may be modified due to sequential analysis (see below).
Intervention: A mobile rural workshop takes molds and adapt temporary tuber-ischii bearing prosthesis made of local materials. The prosthesis is fitted at the time of amputation wound closure (5 - 15 days post-injury), and patients mobilized on walking aids. Control group patients comprise of transtibial amputees managed at neighboring hospitals not being served by the actual rehab workshop. Control patients leave hospital with walking aids without prosthesis. Data are gathered by rehab team (surgeon and prosthesis technician) at point zero, 1 month postoperation, 3 months postoperation. End-point for evaluation is 6 months post-op. Patients decide freely to cross-over on pain indications.
Statistical analysis: Sequential design with positive and negative stopping rules. Outcome variables at end-point are reported for groups of 3 patients to statistician(Prof. Stig Larsen, University of Oslo) who gives stop orders.
Ethical considerations: If ITP proves favorable, the study results will be used to expand the rural rehab service to include control districts as well. This makes the use of control groups in the actual study legitimate. Also optional cross-over prevents against inflicting unnecessary discomfort in study patients. The study is approved by the local health authorities and Norwegian Committee for Research Ethics. The system for data filing and protection is approved by Norwegian Social Science Data Services, Bergen.
Publication: Authorship will be set according to Vancouver regulations.
|Contact: Hans Husum, PhD||+47 email@example.com|
|Contact: Odd Edvardsen, MPH||+47 776 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Trauma Care Foundation Cambodia||Recruiting|
|Battambang, Cambodia, 9500|
|Contact: Yang V Heng, MPH +855 1288 9094 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Phoun Sambath, MD|
|Principal Investigator:||Bjoern Karlsson, Rehab Ing||TMC, University Hospital Northern Norway|