A School Program for Children Exposed to Violence

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: November 29, 2005
Last updated: November 1, 2013
Last verified: November 2013

This study will develop a program to help school children deal with violence-related trauma.

Condition Intervention Phase
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Behavioral: School-based cognitive behavioral therapy
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A School Program for Children Exposed to Violence

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by RAND:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Depressive symptoms
  • Behavioral problems

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Improved school and social functioning
  • Improved parent-child communication
  • Improved peer support

Enrollment: 78
Study Start Date: July 2005
Study Completion Date: July 2007
Detailed Description:

The number of children who have been indirectly or directly exposed to violence has dramatically increased in the last decade. The emotional and behavioral consequences of violence exposure can be particularly devastating to children. Interventions are needed that can reduce symptoms related to traumas already experienced and enhance children's skills for handling extreme stress that might be experienced in the future. The Cognitive-Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in Schools (CBITS) program was developed between 1998 and 2001 to help children in the Los Angeles school district deal with traumatic events. Although promising, the program required a school-based mental health clinician for implementation. This study will evaluate the effectiveness of a program adapted for the Los Angeles CBITS program that can be used by school staff in a middle school setting. The adapted CBITS program will be compared to a wait list to determine which is more effective in reducing trauma-related stress and depression among sixth grade students.

Students who have experienced violence-related trauma will be randomly assigned to receive either 10 weekly sessions of group cognitive behavioral therapy or to wait 3 months. Self-report scales and interviews will be used to assess the emotional states of participants at study entry and study completion. No follow-up visits will be required.


Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years to 15 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Students in 6th and 7th grade in two participating Los Angeles area schools
  • Exposure to severe violence, as either a victim or witness, within 1 year prior to study entry
  • Have symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder at study entry
  • Able to speak and understand English
  • Parent or guardian willing to give informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms that are not related to a traumatic event
  • Mental retardation
  • Conduct disorder that would interfere with the participant's ability to engage in group therapy
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00260195

United States, California
LAUSD Crisis Counseling and Intervention Services, LAUSD/RAND/UCLA Trauma Services Adaptation Center
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90017
Sponsors and Collaborators
Principal Investigator: Lisa H. Jaycox, PhD RAND Corporation
  More Information

Responsible Party: Lisa Jaycox, RAND Corporation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00260195     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R01 MH72591, R01MH072591, DDTR B3-PDS
Study First Received: November 29, 2005
Last Updated: November 1, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by RAND:
Cognitive behavioral therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Depressive Disorder
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Stress Disorders, Traumatic
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Anxiety Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 16, 2014