An Exploratory Study on the Safety and Effectiveness of Paliperidone in Patients With Schizophrenia
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety, effectiveness, and plasma concentration of paliperidone (an antipsychotic medication) given once daily in the treatment of patients with schizophrenia
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Exploratory Study of Paliperidone in Patients With Schizophrenia to Investigate the Safety and Efficacy|
- Safety assessments conducted throughout the study, including adverse events and results from the Drug-Induced Extrapyramidal Symptoms Scale [DIESS]
- Changes measured throughout the study in the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) score, a score on a scale for the measurement of symptoms of schizophrenia, and the Clinical Global Impression (CGI) score.
|Study Start Date:||February 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2005|
Paliperidone is an extended-release tablet. Paliperidone is an active metabolite of risperidone, not approved for the treatment of schizophrenia in Japan. This is a multicenter, open-label, parallel-group, fixed dose study to evaluate the safety, effectiveness, and plasma concentration of paliperidone taken once daily in patients with schizophrenia. The patients will receive a fixed dose of paliperidone (3, 9, and 15 mg) for 6 weeks and its effectiveness and safety will be observed for an additional 2 weeks.. Efficacy will be measured by determining changes throughout the study in the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) score, a scale for the measurement of symptoms of schizophrenia, and the Clinical Global Impression (CGI) score. In addition, the study also assesses the relationship between dose/plasma drug concentration and dopamine D2 receptor occupancy in patients who consent to receive positron emission tomography (PET). Safety evaluations (symptoms, physical exams, electrocardiograms, laboratory tests, Drug-Induced Extrapyramidal Symptoms Scale [DIESS] results, and adverse event monitoring) will be conducted throughout the study. The study hypothesis is that paliperidone will be effective in the treatment of schizophrenia, and that it will be well-tolerated. The patients will receive either 3, 9, or 15 mg of paliperidone, taken once daily by mouth for 6 weeks.