Trial record 20 of 70 for:    Open Studies | "nutritional support"

The Effects of Nutritional Support of Critically Ill Patients Requiring Mechanical Ventilation

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified February 2009 by Melbourne Health.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Melbourne Health
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00256074
First received: November 17, 2005
Last updated: February 3, 2009
Last verified: February 2009
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of different feeding solutions on patients with breathing difficulty being supported by a breathing machine.

The aim of the study is to determine if high fat-low carbohydrate feeding reduces the carbon dioxide production in patients with respiratory failure.


Condition Intervention
Critically Ill Patients Who Require Mechanical Ventilation.
Procedure: Enteral feeding formula

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effects of Nutritional Support of Critically Ill Patients Requiring Mechanical Ventilation

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Melbourne Health:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine if high-fat low-carbohydrate enteral feeding reduces the carbon dioxide production and the respiratory quotient in patients with respiratory failure. [ Time Frame: patients will be followed until death or hospital discharge ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • 1. If high-fat, low-carbohydrate enteral feeding reduces carbon dioxide production, dead space ventilation the number of days spent on mechanical ventilation,or the length of ICU stay, hospital length of stay or mortality. [ Time Frame: patients will be followed until death or hospital discharge ]

Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: June 2004
Detailed Description:

Patients who agree to participate in the study and fulfil the inclusion criteria, will be randomised to one of two treatment groups.

  1. Standard therapy group. Will receive high carbohydrate, low fat enteral feeding, (16.7% protein, 30% fat and 53.3% carbohydrate). The target rate is determined by the treating physician and dietician, for a minimum of 5 days following randomisation.
  2. Alternative therapy group will receive high-fat, low carbohydrate enteral feeding, (16.7% protein, 55.2% fat and 28.1% carbohydrates. At a target rate determined by the treating physician and dietician, for a maximum of 5 days following randomisation.

All patients will receive enteral feeding by continuous flow for 24 hours a day. The decision to commence or cease enteral feeding will remain with the treating physician.

The measurement of VO2, VCO2, resting energy expenditure and respiratory quotient wil be made on all participants 12 hourly for a maximum of 5 days using the direct calorimeter. The indirect calorimeter is connected to the expiratory outlet of the ventilator, collecting and analyzing gas that is normally discharged in to the atmosphere.

The hypothesis of the study is that the use of high- fat, low-carbohydrate enteral feed, significantly reduces the carbon dioxide production and the respiratory quotient in critically ill, mechanically ventilated patients with respiratory failure. Compared to standard high-carbohydrate low-fat enteral feed.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Adult patient, 18 years or older admitted with acute respiratory failure (PaO2/FiO2 <300), needing mechanical ventilation. Are expected to be require mechanical ventilation for more than 48 hours.
  2. Patients who are to receive enteral feeding via a gastric or post-pyloric feeding tube.
  3. Patients or their next-of-kin consent to participate in the study. -

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients under the age of 18 years
  2. Patients with contra-indications to enteral feeding
  3. Patients receiving total parental nutrition
  4. Patients who are already enrolled in another study that may influence the outcome of this study.
  5. Patients who are not receiving active medical management or are expected to die within 24 hours at the time of study entry.
  6. Patients with diabetes mellitus, renal failure or liver failure.
  7. Patients or next-of-kin who do not consent to participate in the study. -
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00256074

Contacts
Contact: Megan Robertson, MBBS + 61 3 93427441 megan.robertson@mh.org.au
Contact: Deborah Barge + 61 3 93427710 deborah.barge@mh.org.au

Locations
Australia, Victoria
Intensive Care Unit, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, Recruiting
Parkville,, Victoria, Australia, 3050
Contact: Megan Robertson, MBBS    +61 3 93427441    megan.robertson@mh.org.au   
Contact: Deborah Barge    +61 3 93427710    deborah.barge@mh.org.au   
Principal Investigator: Megan Robertson, MBBS         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Melbourne Health
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Megan Robertson, MBBS Melbourne Health
  More Information

No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00256074     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2003.263
Study First Received: November 17, 2005
Last Updated: February 3, 2009
Health Authority: Australia: Department of Health and Ageing Therapeutic Goods Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Critical Illness
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 16, 2014