Study of Glutamine as Prophylaxis for Irinotecan Induced Diarrhea

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AHS Cancer Control Alberta
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00255229
First received: November 16, 2005
Last updated: January 5, 2012
Last verified: January 2012
  Purpose

Irinotecan (7-ethyl-10- {4(-1-piperidino)-1-piperidino} carbonyloxy camptothecin) is a semisynthetic camptothecin derivative introduced in the 1980's. Irinotecan is a prodrug metabolized by carboxylesterases to an active metabolite 7-ethyl-10-hydroxy-camptothecin (SN38). SN38 exerts its cytotoxic effect by forming stable complexes with topoisomerase I and DNA. These complexes collide with replication forks and cause breaks in DNA. Studies substantiated irinotecan's activity in 5FU resistant colorectal cancer and led to its approval for treatment of 5FU resistant colorectal cancer in the United States, Canada and Europe.Colorectal cancer studies demonstrated that single agent irinotecan's dose limiting toxicity was diarrhea occurring 5 to 6 days after its administration. High dose loperamide at first occurrence of diarrhea has decreased the incidence of diarrhea but the incidence of grade 3/4 diarrhea remains high at 28 to 40%.


Condition Intervention Phase
Metastatic Colorectal Cancer
Drug: Glutamine
Other: Placebo
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Study of Glutamine as Prophylaxis for Irinotecan Induced Diarrhea

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by AHS Cancer Control Alberta:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Reduction in diarrhea. [ Time Frame: Study completion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 130
Study Start Date: December 2002
Study Completion Date: January 2010
Primary Completion Date: January 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 1
Irinotecan, 5FU, Glutamine
Drug: Glutamine
Glutamine 10 g four times daily starting two days before treatment for six days in total
Placebo Comparator: 2
Irinotecan, 5FU, Placebo
Other: Placebo
Glutamine placebo

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • metastatic colorectal cancer to be treated with FOLFIAT chemo

Exclusion Criteria:

  • severely abnormal liver and kidney function
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00255229

Locations
Canada, Alberta
Cross Cancer Institute
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, T6G 1Z2
Sponsors and Collaborators
AHS Cancer Control Alberta
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Michael Sawyer, MD AHS Cancer Control Alberta
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: AHS Cancer Control Alberta
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00255229     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GI-05-0024
Study First Received: November 16, 2005
Last Updated: January 5, 2012
Health Authority: Canada: Health Canada

Keywords provided by AHS Cancer Control Alberta:
irinotecan
5FU
amino acids
heat shock protein

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Diarrhea
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Signs and Symptoms, Digestive
Signs and Symptoms
Irinotecan
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 23, 2014