A Study of the Effectiveness and Safety of Topiramate for the Prevention of Migraine

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Ortho-McNeil Neurologics, Inc.
Information provided by:
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00253175
First received: November 10, 2005
Last updated: April 26, 2010
Last verified: April 2010
  Purpose

The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of topiramate (an epilepsy medication) compared with placebo in the prevention of migraine.


Condition Intervention Phase
Vascular Headaches
Migraine
Drug: topiramate
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Comparison Of The Efficacy And Safety Of Topamax® (Topiramate) Tablets Versus Placebo For The Prophylaxis Of Migraine

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Reduction in the frequency of monthly migraine episodes during the entire double-blind treatment phase compared with the pretreatment phase.

Enrollment: 211
Study Start Date: October 2000
Study Completion Date: December 2001
Detailed Description:

Topiramate is a medication that is widely used for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with seizures and has been shown in preliminary studies to be effective for migraine prevention in adults. This is an outpatient, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to confirm preliminary studies of the effectiveness of topiramate in the prevention of migraine attacks. The study is composed of 4 phases: pretreatment, double-blind treatment for 20 weeks, a blinded transition, and an open-label extension. During the pretreatment phase patients discontinue all medication for migraine prevention and keep a daily record of headache information in a diary. Patients with 3 to 8 migraines, but not more than 15 headache days, during the pretreatment phase continue in the double-blind treatment phase. In the 20-week double-blind treatment phase, oral topiramate tablets (or placebo) are taken daily beginning at 25 mg once daily for 1 week, increasing to twice daily doses of up to a maximum of 8 tablets (200 mg) per day during the 8-week titration period, and maintained at that dose during the 12-week maintenance period. Patients who successfully complete the double-blind therapy phase may continue in an open-label extension (32 weeks), during which the study medication (topiramate or placebo) will be decreased and simultaneously topiramate (open-label) will be administered at increasing doses. During the study, patients will maintain headache and medication records to document the following: occurrence and duration of headaches; severity of headache pain; associated symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, photophobia (avoidance and dread of light), phonophobia (fear of sound); and medication taken to relieve headache pain or symptoms. The primary measure of effectiveness is the percent reduction in the frequency of monthly migraine episodes during the entire double-blind treatment phase compared with the pretreatment phase. Other assessments of effectiveness include the percent of patients responding to treatment (>= 50% reduction in average monthly migraine attacks) during the double-blind treatment phase compared with the pretreatment phase, the reduction in number of migraine days/month during treatment, and the reduction in severity and duration of migraines during treatment. Safety assessments include the incidence of adverse events throughout the study, and measurement of vital signs (pulse, blood pressure, body weight), physical examinations, and clinical laboratory tests (hematology, biochemistry, and urinalysis) at specified intervals. The study hypothesis is that the decrease in the mean monthly migraine rate is greater in the topiramate group than in the placebo group.

Oral topiramate tablets 25 mg or placebo tablets, beginning at 25 mg once daily for 1 week, increasing to twice daily doses of up to a maximum of 8 tablets (200 mg) during the 8-week titration period, and maintained at that dose during the 12-week maintenance period (20 weeks total duration).

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Meet the criteria of the International Headache Society for the classification of migraine with or without aura (migraine symptoms)
  • Diagnosis of migraine for at least 12 months prior to start of the study
  • Have had an average of 3 to 8 migraine attacks per month for the 3 months prior to the start of the study
  • Ability to recognize migraine headaches and to distinguish them from tension-type headaches or other types of head pain
  • General good health

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who previously failed to respond to topiramate therapy for migraine prevention or who discontinued topiramate due to adverse events
  • Patients who had onset of migraine after age 50
  • Patients having more than 15 headache-days per month during the 3 months prior to start of the study, or during the baseline (pretreatment) period
  • Patients who have cluster headaches or who have exclusively aura (migraine symptoms) without headache
  • Female patients who are pregnant, nursing, or those not using adequate birth control, if capable of bearing children
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00253175

Sponsors and Collaborators
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
Ortho-McNeil Neurologics, Inc.
Investigators
Study Director: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, L.L.C. Clinical Trial Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00253175     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR005572
Study First Received: November 10, 2005
Last Updated: April 26, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:
topiramate
migraine headache
migraine prevention
migraine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Headache
Vascular Headaches
Migraine Disorders
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Headache Disorders, Secondary
Headache Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Headache Disorders, Primary
Topiramate
Anticonvulsants
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Neuroprotective Agents
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Obesity Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 28, 2014