Oxandrolone for the Treatment of Bone Marrow Aplasia in Fanconi Anemia
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety of the drug oxandrolone (a type of androgen steroid) in patients with Fanconi anemia (FA), and to determine if this drug can help in the treatment of bone marrow failure in these patients. Androgen steroids are male hormones that can stimulate the production of red blood cells (the cells which carry oxygen in the blood) and platelets (cells that help blood clot).
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Pilot Trial of Oxandrolone for the Treatment of Bone Marrow Aplasia in Patients With Fanconi Anemia|
- Toxicity associated with oxandrolone therapy in patients with Fanconi Anemia [ Time Frame: One year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Hematologic response rate in Fanconi Anemia patients receiving oxandrolone therapy [ Time Frame: One year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||July 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Subjects will be started on a dose of oxandrolone 0.04 mg/kg/day orally, once/day. After 16 weeks, patients will be assessed for hematologic improvement. If this criteria is not met after 16 weeks, the dose will be escalated to 0.08 mg/kg/day. If no improvement is noted after 16 weeks on the escalated dose, oxandrolone therapy will be discontinued.
Other Name: Oxandrin
The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety of the drug oxandrolone in patients with Fanconi anemia (FA), and secondarily to determine if this drug can help in the treatment of bone marrow failure in these patients. It is hoped that oxandrolone will have less side effects than oxymetholone, the androgen used most frequently in the short-term treatment of bone marrow failure in FA patients. Subjects will be enrolled for approximately 18 to 30 months (12 - 24 months of treatment and 6 months additional monitoring). The oxandrolone starting dose is 0.04mg/kg/day. Study monitoring includes weekly complete blood counts, monthly serum chemistry labs, quarterly physical examinations including virilization exams and liver ultrasounds. Semi-annually, hand radiographs are obtained for bone maturation and behavioral assessments are conducted to detect any aggressive behavior or mood changes. If no improvement n the subject's blood counts are noted after 4 months of therapy, the dose will be increased to 0.08mg/kg/day for a period of 4 more months. If no improvement is noted after a total of eight months, oxandrolone will be discontinued. If the blood counts show improvement, then the drug will continue for a minimum of twelve months. Subjects may remain on study and receive a total of 24 months of therapy if they have a response in their blood counts without unacceptable side effects. Post-treatment monitoring includes blood work and ultrasound every three months, and hand radiograph at six months.
|United States, Ohio|
|Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center|
|Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45229-3039|
|Principal Investigator:||Franklin O Smith, M.D.||Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati|