A Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Topiramate as add-on Therapy in the Treatment of Epilepsy Patients With Difficult to Treat, Partial-onset Seizures.

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00236691
First received: October 7, 2005
Last updated: June 6, 2011
Last verified: January 2011
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of topiramate as add-on therapy in patients with difficult to control partial onset seizures who are taking one or two standard antiepileptic drugs.


Condition Intervention Phase
Epilepsy
Epilepsies, Partial
Seizures
Drug: topiramate
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Double-Blind, Parallel Comparison of Three Doses of Topiramate and Placebo in Refractory Partial Epilepsy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percent reduction in the average monthly seizure rate from baseline to end of treatment

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percent of patients responding to treatment (>= 50% reduction in seizure rate from baseline to end of treatment); patient's and investigator's global assessments at end of study; incidence of adverse events and safety are evaluated throughout study

Enrollment: 188
Study Start Date: July 1988
Study Completion Date: December 1990
Detailed Description:

Epilepsy is characterized by seizures, which are abnormal electrical discharges in the brain that temporarily disrupt normal brain function. Seizures are classified as "generalized," originating in both sides of the brain simultaneously, or "partial-onset," starting in one area of the brain. Antiepilepsy medications, such as topiramate, are selected based on seizure type. This is a double-blind, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of topiramate as add-on therapy in patients with refractory partial epilepsy, that includes a baseline phase and a treatment phase in difficult to treat patients with partial epilepsy. During the baseline phase (12 weeks duration), patients receive one or two of the following standard antiepileptic drugs (AEDs): phenytoin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, primidone, or valproic acid. Patients who continue to have seizures during treatment with standard AEDs proceed into the double-blind treatment phase. Patients then receive placebo or topiramate at a dosage of 100-milligrams (mg) twice daily, increasing to twice daily dosing at a maximum dose 600 mg/day, 800 mg/day, or 1000 mg/day, or maximum tolerated dose (depending on treatment group), through Week 18 (total duration of the double-blind phase), while continuing on their standard AED regimen. Assessments of effectiveness include the percent reduction in the average monthly seizure rate, percent of patients responding to treatment (having equal to or greater than 50% reduction in seizure rate), and the patient's and investigator's global assessments of medication at end of study. Safety assessments include the incidence of adverse events throughout the study, clinical laboratory tests (hematology, serum chemistry, urinalysis), neurologic examinations, and vital sign measurements (blood pressure, pulse, temperature) weekly during the treatment phase. The study hypothesis is that topiramate, taken as add-on therapy to treatment with AEDs, will significantly reduce seizure frequency, compared with placebo, in patients with refractory partial epilepsy. In addition, it is hypothesized that topiramate is well-tolerated. Topiramate, 100 mg oral tablets, or matching placebo. Dosage begins at 100-mg twice daily and increases gradually to twice daily dosing at a maximum dose of 600, 800, or 1000 mg/day, and continues through Week 18 (total duration).

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • History of simple or complex partial epilepsy that has been documented or witnessed
  • during a 12-week baseline phase, patient must have at least 12 partial seizures while maintaining therapeutic levels of anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs)
  • and have no more than one seizure-free interval of up to 3 weeks and none longer than 3 weeks
  • good physical health.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Females who are capable of having children
  • patients with treatable causes of seizures (for example, infections)
  • patients with a progressive disorder of the nervous system
  • patients with history of status epilepticus (repeated or prolonged seizures) while on antiepileptic therapy
  • history of serious disease of the heart, liver, kidneys, gastrointestinal, metabolic, or endocrine system
  • history of alcohol or drug abuse within one year prior to study initiation.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00236691

Sponsors and Collaborators
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
Investigators
Study Director: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L. C. Clinical Trial Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00236691     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR005452
Study First Received: October 7, 2005
Last Updated: June 6, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:
topiramate
epilepsy
partial epilepsies
partial epilepsy
seizures
epileptic seizures
partial seizure disorder
brain diseases

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Epilepsies, Partial
Epilepsy
Seizures
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms
Topiramate
Anti-Obesity Agents
Anticonvulsants
Central Nervous System Agents
Neuroprotective Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protective Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 20, 2014