Rehabilitation in Primary Care: A Project to Maximize the Health Status of Adults With Chronic Illness
The purpose of the study is to determine whether occupational therapy and physiotherapy delivered in a primary care setting to adults with chronic illness is effective in improving health.
Behavioral: Occupational therapy
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Rehabilitation in Primary Care: A Project to Maximize the Health Status of Adults With Chronic Illness|
- SF-36 Physical Component [ Time Frame: 15 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]health related quality of life. Minimum: 0; Maximum 100.
- Use of Hospital Services [ Time Frame: baseline, 15 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]self report use of hospital service
- Independence in Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs) [ Time Frame: baseline, 15 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Late Life Function and Disability Instrument: A measure of disability and functional limitations in older adults. (Score range 0-100 with 100 representing better ability and less disability/functional limitation)
- Functional Limitations [ Time Frame: baseline, 15 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Late Life Function and Disability Instrument: A measure of functional limitations and disability in older adults.
- Falls and Injuries [ Time Frame: baseline, 15 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]self-reported number of falls in last 6 months
- HOME Falls and Accident Screening Tool (FAST) [ Time Frame: baseline, 15 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]This is a home assessment of safety hazards for falls present in the individual's home. This tool helps to identify seniors at risk of falls. Score 0-25.
- Self-management and Self-efficacy [ Time Frame: baseline, 15 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Individual's self-reported ability to carry out behaviours to self-manage their health condition, and their confidence level in being able to carry out these behaviours. (Score range 0= not confident at all, 10= totally confident).
- Physical Abilities (Strength, Balance) [ Time Frame: baseline, 15 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Grip strength was measured using a JAMAR hand grip dynamometer (in kilograms). The Lower Extremity Function test is a battery of three tests used to measure lower extremity function and balance: a balance test, 8 foot walk test, and repetitive standing from a chair. A performance summary score is created by adding the number of seconds achieved on the balance test, the number of seconds to walk 8 feet and the number of seconds it takes the person to stand up from a chair five times consecutively (no maximum score exists on this measure).
- Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire - 18 (Modified) [ Time Frame: 15 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Patient satisfaction with the care they received. (Score range 0-5)
|Study Start Date:||June 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2006|
|Primary Completion Date:||August 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Behavioral: Occupational therapy Behavioral: Physiotherapy Behavioral: Self-management|
No Intervention: Control
Control group received usual care in primary care.
Primary health care is changing so that people receive the care that they need at the front line. Rehabilitation has been identified as one service that should be offered in primary care, to address the needs of adults who have or are at risk of poor health from chronic conditions such as arthritis, heart disease and depression.
Two full time therapists (one physiotherapist and one occupational therapist) will offer rehabilitation to a sample of 170 adults with chronic illness over an 18 month period (170 people will also be enrolled in a control group) at the Stonechurch Family Health Centre. Key outcomes include health, hospital admissions and emergency room visits.
|Stonechurch Family Health Centre, 549 Stonechurch Rd. E.|
|Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8W 3L2|
|Principal Investigator:||Lori Letts, PhD||McMaster University|
|Principal Investigator:||Julie Richardson, PhD||McMaster University|