Triamcinolone vs. Laser for Diabetic Macular Edema
The purpose of this study is to determine if intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) injection at the time of cataract surgery will improve visual acuity and decrease post-operative swelling in diabetic patients requiring cataract extraction as compared to the conventional treatment of laser following cataract surgery.
The subjects will be followed for 11 visits over 3 year. Visits will occur at screening,1, 3,6,9,12,18,24,30 and 36 months post surgery.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||The Role of Triamcinolone Injection During Cataract Extraction for Diabetic Patients With Pre-Operative Macular Edema|
- Main outcome measures will be quantitative changes in OCT central thickness, visual acuity, and number of Snellen acuity lines gained/lost. [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Rate of elevated intraocular pressures, retinal detachment, infection, and vitreous hemorrhage. [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||November 2005|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||October 2012|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||October 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Laser therapy
If randomized to laser therapy at time of cataract surgery, laser therapy will be performed one month after cataract surgery. If macular edema does not respond an additional laser therapy will be performed. If macular edema persists after 2 lasers, then IVTA will be administered as per standard of care.
Laser treatment 1 month after cataract surgery with option to repeat once if no improvement.
Other Name: focal laser photocoagulation
Active Comparator: Triamcinolone therapy
At time of cataract surgery, will have IVTA injection. If macular edema does not show improvement at 1 month, then can have repeat IVTA injection. If the macular edema is stil not improved after 2nd injection, participant will be considered "treatment failure" and will be given the option to have laser therapy.
Drug: Triamcinolone acetonide
4mg of intravitreal triamcinolone at time of cataract surgery with option to repeat at one month if no response
Other Name: Kenalog
This is a randomized, prospective study comparing diabetic patients with pre-operative macular edema undergoing cataract surgery treated with either 4 mg of intravitreal triamcinolone at the time of cataract surgery or focal laser treatment 1 month following cataract surgery.
The conventional treatment for clinically significant macular edema is focal laser photocoagulation. In some diabetic patients however, the cataract often impedes fundus visualization for optimal laser treatment. In these patients focal laser treatment is deferred until after cataract surgery.
The purpose of this study is to determine if intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) injection at the time of cataract surgery will improve visual acuity and decrease post-operative macular edema in diabetic patients with pre-operative macular edema requiring cataract extraction as compared to the conventional treatment of focal laser photocoagulation following cataract surgery.
We propose that by injecting triamcinolone intravitreally at the time of cataract surgery in patients who have pre-operative macular edema, we will not only reduce the risk of exacerbating macular edema but also possibly improve the final visual outcome.
After informed consent is obtained each patient will be placed, based on a randomization scheme, into either the control group receiving the conventional focal laser treatment one month following cataract extraction or into the study group receiving the IVTA injection at the time of surgery.
|United States, Oklahoma|
|Dean A. McGee Eye Institute|
|Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States, 73104|
|Principal Investigator:||Robert E Leonard, MD||Dean A. McGee Eye Institute|