Incisions for Cardiac Surgery
The purpose is to evaluate the investigators' length of incisions based on patient weight, operative times, hospital lengths of stay, pain medicine requirements, complications and costs. These data will lead to a new minimally invasive standard of care without a reduction in outcomes.
|Study Design:||Time Perspective: Retrospective|
|Official Title:||Small Incisions for Cardiac Surgery|
|Study Start Date:||February 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2006|
There is a trend in surgery, in general, toward minimal invasion. This includes the transition to laparoscopy/thoracoscopy from open procedures, as well as the reduction in incision size for open procedures. The goal of minimally invasive techniques is to reduce morbidity and length of hospital stay, with a consequent reduction in hospital cost.
There are few cardiac operations that are currently performed with minimally invasive techniques. One of these is the repair of an atrial septal defect, which can be performed though a small skin incision and partial rather than full sternotomy. Another is the ligation of a patent ductus arteriosus, which can be performed through a muscle-sparing thoracotomy rather than a full thoracotomy.
Both of these techniques minimize the scarring and the healing time required for post-operative recovery. We need to be confident that it has not affected our outcomes adversely. We need to evaluate our length of incisions based on patient weight, operative times, hospital lengths of stay, pain medicine requirements, complications and costs.
Hopefully, these data will lead to a new minimally invasive standard of care without a reduction in outcomes.
We will review charts before November 1, 2004 at Children's Healthcare of Atlanta.
|United States, Georgia|
|Children's Healthcare of Atlanta at Egleston|
|Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322|
|Principal Investigator:||Brian Kogon, MD||Emory University|