Study of Paxil Use in Menopausal Women

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
GlaxoSmithKline
Information provided by:
Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00225914
First received: September 22, 2005
Last updated: November 23, 2010
Last verified: November 2010
  Purpose

To evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of Paroxetine treatment in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women who present with menopause-related symptoms after discontinuing hormone therapy (HT), in the presence or absence of concomitant symptoms of depression or anxiety.


Condition Intervention Phase
Menopause
Drug: Paroxetine
Drug: placebo
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Paroxetine Controlled Release in the Treatment of Symptomatic Menopausal Women Following Discontinuation of Hormone Therapy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Massachusetts General Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean change from Visit 2 to Visit 4 in the daily hot flash frequency and severity. Response will be considered if ³50% reduction in the hot flash composite score-frequency X severity) [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of subjects with remission of menopause-related symptoms from Visit 2 to Visit 4 measured by a >50% decrease in Greene Climacteric Scale total and sub-scores and Hot Flush Related Daily Interference Scale (HFRDIS). [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Occurrence of discontinuation symptoms (DESS- Discontinuation Emergent Signs Symptoms, self-report) at Visit 4. [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Proportion of CGI responders (clinician-rated CGI- Improvement 2; Occurrence of adverse events (PRISE-Adverse Event Visit Checklist) throughout the study [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Proportion of subjects with remission of psychological symptoms (MADRS <10; BAI < 11 at Visit 4). [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 64
Study Start Date: September 2004
Study Completion Date: September 2006
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Subjects enter into a six-week, double blind phase, randomized in a 1:1 ratio to paroxetine CR 12.5 mg/day; dosing may be adjusted up to 25 mg/day after two weeks, based on treatment response and tolerability.
Drug: Paroxetine
Paroxetine CR 12.5 mg/day; dosing may be adjusted up to 25 mg/day after two weeks, based on treatment response and tolerability
Other Name: Paxil
Placebo Comparator: 2
Subjects then enter into a six-week, double blind phase, randomized in a 1:1 ratio to paroxetine CR 12.5 mg/day or matching placebo pill
Drug: placebo
Subjects enter into a six-week, double blind phase, randomized in a 1:1 ratio to paroxetine CR 12.5 mg/day or matching placebo pill; dosing may be adjusted up to 25 mg/day after two weeks, based on treatment response and tolerability.

Detailed Description:

This study is a 10-week double-blinded treatment study of perimenopausal and postmenopausal women who present with menopause-related symptoms after discontinuing Hormone Therapy(HT), with or without concomitant symptoms of depression and anxiety.

The menopausal transition is a period of heightened vulnerability to mood and anxiety disturbances. It is also a period when women may experience significant vasomotor symptoms (i.e. hot flushes and night sweats). More recently, the occurrence of vasomotor symptoms has been associated with increased risk for depression in menopausal women.

The efficacy of estrogens for the treatment of vasomotor symptoms is well established. In addition, the literature support a modulatory effect exerted by estrogen on various neurotransmitter systems that regulate mood and anxiety.

Despite the efficacy of hormone therapy (HT) for the treatment of menopause-related symptoms, a significant number of women discontinue its use during the first year of treatment. Moreover, recent findings from the Women's Health Initiative Study (WHI) have challenged the safety and the benefits that were initially thought to be associated with long-term use of HT. As a result, many women who have been taking HT decided to discontinue the use of HT, which may result in significant changes in their physical well being, quality of life and, possibly, their mental health status. Therefore, the efficacy and tolerability of other interventions such as antidepressants for these sub-populations warrant further investigation.

Treatment with Paroxetine has shown to be efficacious for menopause-related vasomotor symptoms. To date, no studies have examined the extent to which SSRIs may improve physical and psychological symptoms in women who discontinued HT.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Women age 40 and above.
  2. Perimenopausal status (defined as having cycles which vary by more than 7 days from normal, or 2 or more skipped cycles and an amenorrheic interval of at least 60 days but no more than 12 consecutive months) or postmenopausal status (defined as amenorrheic for 12 or more consecutive months).
  3. Women with prior use of HT for at least two months.
  4. Women who discontinued HT use 1 to 12 months prior to study entry (screening visit).
  5. Women who present with significant menopause-related symptoms (defined as GCS total score >20; vasomotor sub-scores >3 and/or ³14 moderate to severe hot flashes per week), with or without concomitant psychological complaints (symptoms of depression and/or anxiety).
  6. Women who report physical/emotional symptoms developing or worsening within 3 months of HT discontinuation.
  7. General good health.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Women who present with moderate-to-severe symptoms of depression (MADRS scores > 19) or anxiety (BAI scores > 19) at baseline.
  2. Women who meet diagnostic criteria at screening visit for a current major Axis I psychiatric disorder other than specific phobias (assessed through M.I.N.I. interview). Subjects presenting with symptoms of anxiety or depression, but not meeting criteria for Depressive Disorders, Bipolar Disorder, Panic Disorder, GAD, OCD or SAD, will be allowed in the study.
  3. Regular treatment with hormonal medications, SSRIs, tricyclic antidepressant, mood stabilizer, oral neuroleptics, sedatives or hypnotics, over-the-counter agents known to influence hot flushes or mood within 4 weeks prior to screening visit; used of depot neuroleptics within 12 weeks prior to screening visit.
  4. Suicidal ideation, homicidal ideation, or psychotic symptoms.
  5. Menstrual dysfunction and amenorrhea of other etiologies.
  6. History of seizure disorder
  7. Pregnancy or breastfeeding.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00225914

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
MGH Center for Perinatal and Women's Mental Health
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02116
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Lee S. Cohen, M.D. MGH Center for Perinatal and Women's Mental Health
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Lee S. Cohen, MD, Perinatal and Reproductive Psychiatry Program
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00225914     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2004-P-000115
Study First Received: September 22, 2005
Last Updated: November 23, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Massachusetts General Hospital:
Menopause
Hormone Therapy
Paxil
Hot Flash
Sleep Disturbance
Night Sweats
Antidepressants

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Paroxetine
Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Serotonin Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation
Antidepressive Agents
Psychotropic Drugs
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014