Better Asthma Outcomes: Lowering Tobacco Smoke Exposure
To improve disease outcomes through reduction in secondhand tobacco smoke exposure of children with asthma
Behavioral: SHS reduction intervention based on social cognitive learning theory
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Study Start Date:||May 2002|
|Study Completion Date:||April 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||April 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) exposure increases asthma morbidity in children. Efforts to reduce exposure have had mixed results. This study is a randomized controlled trial of an exposure reduction intervention, with objective feedback to parents on the child's exposure based on urine cotinine measurement, and counseling tailored to the child's specific exposure sources/locations and parental readiness to take specific actions to reduce exposure from each source/location. This trial involves 350 SHS-exposed children with persistent asthma, 3-12 years of age, receiving care from the Kaiser Health Care Program in Northern California. Primary outcomes over the 18 months of follow-up will be asthma acute care utilization and urine cotinine/creatine ratio. Changes in controller medication adherence will be evaluated using a pharmacy-based dispensing index.
Primary objective: To evaluate the efficacy of a behaviorally-based, cotinine-feedback-and-monitoring program designed to reduce SHS exposure in an 18-month randomized controlled trial (RCT) with 350 children with persistent asthma, 3-12 years of age, in comparison with usual medical care.
Secondary objectives: 1) to investigate the behavioral mechanisms that mediate between the intervention and associated improvements in asthma outcomes, and 2) to determine the influence of initial caregiver stage of change with regard to smoking practices on response to the intervention.
- Disease outcomes: A behaviorally-based, individually-tailored intervention that emphasizes SHS exposure reduction, provides sequential feedback to the parent on the child's urine cotinine level, and is tailored to the parent's stage of change with regard to smoking practices will be associated with decreased asthma crisis care utilization and improvements in secondary disease outcomes over an 18-month follow-up period when compared with usual medical care.
- ETS exposure: The SHS reduction intervention will be associated with lower SHS exposure at follow-up (assessed by urine cotinine/creatinine ratio), compared with usual medical care.
- Mechanism: Decreases in urine cotinine/creatinine ratio will be instrumental in intervention-associated improvements in asthma crisis care utilization.
|Investigator:||Sandra Wilson||Res Inst, Palo Alto Med Fdn|