Microglia Activation in Schizophrenia
Patients with schizophrenia have volume loss in gray matter. This study is designed to evaluate whether their is microglia activation in schizophrenia using [11C](R)-PK11195 PET.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||Microglia Activation in Schizophrenia: a Pilot Study|
- [11C]-(R)-Pk11195 binding [ Time Frame: within 5 years of start symptoms ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]microglia activation in schizophrenia
|Study Start Date:||January 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2007|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Device: Positron Emission Tomography
Schizophrenia is a complex and chronic disease that affects different aspects of cognition and behaviour, including attention, perception, thought processes, emotion and volition. Schizophrenia is a brain disease particularly involving decrement in gray matter as has been supported by findings from many imaging studies. The pathophysiology of these gray matter changes has not been clarified. Microglia activation is the consequence of virtually all conditions associated with neuronal injury. When activated following neuronal damage, microglia show a marked increase in the expression of peripheral type benzodiazepine binding sites which are particularly abundant on cells of the mononuclear macrophage.
(R)-PK11195 [1-(2-chlorophenyl)-N-methyl-N-1(1-methylpropyl]-3 isoquinolinecarboxamide) is a highly selective ligand for the peripheral benzodiazepine binding site. (R)-PK11195, labelled with the positron emitter carbon-11, can be used to monitor the peripheral type benzodiazepine receptors using Positron Emission Tomography (PET). At the Vrije Universiteit Medical Centre (R)-[11C]PK11195 is used for studying microglia activation in-vivo in patients with traumatic brain damage, minimal cognitive impairment and Alzheimer disease.
The objective of this study is to determine whether and to what extent microglia activation occurs in schizophrenia. Ten patients with schizophrenia will be recruited and 10 controls, matched for age and gender. This is an open study. The study consists of one PET scan, which will be performed at the Clinical PET Centre of the Vrije Universiteit Medical Centre. All subjects will also get a MRI scan, which will be performed at the department of Radiology, University Medical Centre Utrecht.
|VU University Medical Center|
|Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1081 HV|
|Principal Investigator:||Bart van Berckel, MD; PhD||UMC Utrecht|