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Peg-Intron/Ribavirin in G 1 HCV for Non-Extended Versus 24 Week Extended Treatment After 24 Weeks (Study P04144)(COMPLETED)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00202839
First received: September 12, 2005
Last updated: November 3, 2014
Last verified: November 2014
  Purpose

This is an open-label, randomized, comparative, multicenter, 48-week study designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of combination treatment with pegylated interferon and ribavirin in adult subjects with a diagnosis of compensated chronic hepatitis C (hepatitis C virus (HCV)-ribonucleic acid (RNA) positive) (Genotype 1). All subjects will complete 24 weeks of treatment, termed the Pilot Treatment Program, after which all eligible subjects will be randomly assigned to one of two study groups. One group will be followed for an additional 48 weeks without study medication, while the other will be continuously treated for an additional 24 weeks and then followed for another 24 weeks without study medication. Sustained virologic response, defined as undetectable HCV-RNA in serum at the end of the follow-up period, will be measured along with other outcomes.


Condition Intervention Phase
Hepatitis C, Chronic
Biological: PegIntron (peginterferon alfa-2b; SCH 54031)
Drug: Ribavirin
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Comparison of the Sustained Response of Peg-Intron/Ribavirin Combination Therapy in Genotype 1-Infected Hepatitis C Patients for Non-extended Versus 24-week Extended Treatment After 24 Weeks Pilot Treatment in Taiwan

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The Percentage of Participants Who Achieved a Sustained Virologic Response (SVR) [ Time Frame: 24 weeks of follow-up after either 24 or 48 weeks of anti-HCV therapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Sustained virologic response was defined as hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid [HCV-RNA] levels below assay detection 24 weeks after termination of anti-HCV therapy


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • The Percentage of Participants Who Achieved a Virologic Response 48 Weeks After Randomization. [ Time Frame: 48 weeks after randomization (with 24 weeks of treatment immediately before randomization and either 0 or 24 weeks of treatment immediately after randomization) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Virologic response was defined as undetectable HCV-RNA level in the blood.


Enrollment: 160
Study Start Date: March 2005
Study Completion Date: July 2008
Primary Completion Date: July 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 24-Week Treatment
Genotype 1 hepatitis C virus [HCV] subjects treated for a total of 24 weeks, during the pilot treatment program (immediately before randomization)
Biological: PegIntron (peginterferon alfa-2b; SCH 54031)
Powder for injection in vial (120 microgram strength), subcutaneous, dose of 1.5 micrograms/kg weekly for 24 weeks during the pilot treatment program
Other Name: peginterferon alfa-2b; SCH 54031
Drug: Ribavirin
200 mg capsules, oral, weight-based dose of 1000 or 1200 mg, daily for for 24 weeks during the pilot treatment program
Other Name: SCH 18908
Active Comparator: 48-Week Treatment
Genotype 1 HCV subjects treated for a total of 48 weeks: 24 weeks during the pilot treatment program (immediately before randomization) plus 24 weeks during the extended treatment program (immediately after randomization)
Biological: PegIntron (peginterferon alfa-2b; SCH 54031)
Powder for injection in vial (120 microgram strength), subcutaneous, dose of 1.5 micrograms/kg weekly for 24 weeks during the pilot treatment program followed by 1.2 to 1.5 microgram/kg weekly for 24 weeks during the extended treatment program
Other Name: peginterferon alfa-2b; SCH 54031
Drug: Ribavirin
200 mg capsules, oral, weight-based dose of 1000 or 1200 mg, daily for for 24 weeks during the pilot treatment program and for 24 weeks during the extended treatment program
Other Name: SCH 18908

Detailed Description:

This is an open-label, randomized, comparative, multicenter study for evaluation of PegIntron/Ribavirin therapy in the efficacy and safety in adult subjects with a diagnosis of compensated chronic hepatitis C (HCV-RNA+) (Genotype 1). This is a 48-week study, for which all subjects should participate in the Pilot Treatment Program and complete 24 weeks treatment. To avoid a treatment gap, subjects who will be screened and eligible subjects will sign informed consent prior to the end of the Pilot Treatment Program. After completion of the Pilot Treatment Program, all eligible subjects will be randomly assigned to either study group. Subjects in the 24-Week Treatment arm will be followed-up without study medication for 48 weeks; subjects in the 48-Week Treatment arm will be continuously treated for another 24 weeks and all subjects in the 48-Week Treatment arm will be followed for another 24 weeks after completion of the treatment period. Subjects in both arms will be evaluated at screening, randomization, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 36 and 48 weeks after randomization.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject must be willing to give written informed consent and be able to adhere to dose and visit schedules.
  • Males and non-pregnant females and aged >= 18 years, subjects who are over 65 years of age must be in generally good health and must be discussed with and approved by the principal investigator prior to entry.
  • The laboratory evaluation within 6 months prior to entering the Pilot Treatment Program must meet the following criteria:
  • Hemoglobin values of >= 12 g/dL for females and >= 13 g/dL for males
  • Neutrophil count >= 1.5 X10^9/L
  • Platelets count >= 100 x 10^9/L
  • Total bilirubin < 1.5 mg/dL
  • Serum creatinine within normal limits
  • Positive serum HCV-RNA (>= 50 IU (100 copy numbers)/mL)
  • Anti-HCV positive
  • Available HCV genotype 1
  • Liver biopsy performed within 12 months prior to entry to this protocol with a pathology report confirming that the histological diagnosis is consistent with chronic hepatitis (METAVIR system >=F1).
  • Compensated liver disease with the following hematological, biochemical, and serologic criteria at the screening visit:
  • Hemoglobin values of >= 9 g/dL
  • Neutrophil count >= 0.75 x 10^9/L
  • Platelets count >= 50 x 10^9/L
  • Prothrombin time (PT) prolong <= 3 sec, International Normalized Ratio (INR) <= 1.2
  • Total bilirubin <= 3 mg/dL
  • Within normal limits (subjects requiring medication to maintain TSH levels in the normal range are eligible if all other inclusion/exclusion criteria are met).
  • Anti-Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) negative.
  • Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) value within normal limits obtained within 12 months prior to entry. Results above the upper limit of normal but <= 50 ng/mL require both of the following:
  • AFP value <= 50 ng/mL obtained within 9 months prior to entry in the study or during the Screening period, and Ultrasound obtained within 9 months prior to entry or in the screening period in the study for evidence of not having hepatocellular carcinoma.
  • A urine pregnancy test obtained prior to the initiation of pilot treatment must be negative. Female subjects must not be breast feeding.
  • Reconfirmation that sexually-active subjects are practicing acceptable methods of contraception during screening period.
  • Complete 24 weeks treatment of the Pilot Treatment Program with Peg-Intron + Ribavirin.
  • Must be never treated with interferon for HCV infected hepatitis (treatment naïve) before the Pilot Treatment Program.
  • The total amount of Peg-Intron and Ribavirin received during the pilot treatment program must achieve more than 80% of the recommended dosage.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Women who are pregnant or nursing.
  • Have decompensated cirrhosis.
  • History of severe psychiatric disease, especially depression.
  • Concurrent malignancies (including hepatocellular carcinoma).
  • Unstable or significant cardiovascular diseases. Subjects with (ECG) showing clinically significant abnormalities.
  • Prolonged exposure to known hepatotoxins such as alcohol or drugs.
  • History of thyroid disease poorly controlled on prescribed medication.
  • Poorly controlled diabetes mellitus.
  • Has suspected or confirmed significant hepatic disease from an etiology other than HCV.
  • Patients co-infected with hepatitis B and /or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
  • Severe renal disease or myeloid dysfunction.
  • History of organ transplantation other than cornea and hair transplant.
  • Any medical condition requiring, or likely to require during the course of the study, chronic systemic administration of steroids.
  • Any other condition which in the opinion of the investigator would make the subject unsuitable for enrollment, or could interfere with the subject participating in and completing the protocol.
  • Allergy to interferon.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00202839

Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Investigators
Study Chair: Ding-Shinn Chen, MD Investigational Site
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00202839     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P04144
Study First Received: September 12, 2005
Results First Received: August 28, 2009
Last Updated: November 3, 2014
Health Authority: Taiwan: Department of Health

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatitis
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C, Chronic
Digestive System Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
Hepatitis, Chronic
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Liver Diseases
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Interferon-alpha
Peginterferon alfa-2b
Ribavirin
Anti-Infective Agents
Antimetabolites
Antiviral Agents
Immunologic Factors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 27, 2014