Early Intervention With Fluoxetine in Autism
This study is a pilot study to evaluate the feasibility and safety of conducting a year long, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of fluoxetine in pre-school children to enhance developmental processes in core areas impacted by autism.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Randomized, Placebo-controlled Trial of Fluoxetine in Preschool Children|
- Rate of Recruitment [ Time Frame: 19 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]In order for a larger trial with similar design to be feasible a number of factors needed to be examined. The first was whether families would enroll very young children with ASD into a year long blinded medication study. To determine this we examined the average number of months to randomize 1 participant per site. We calculated this (as total # months required for recruitment* 2sites ) /[ # participants randomized ] and compared it to the typical # of months required to recruit an older child with ASD for a double-blind 12 week placebo controlled medication study, which is typically about 1.2 months at each of the sites involved in the study.
- Rate of Attrition [ Time Frame: Measured at Month 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The percentage of participants who discontinued treatment prior to completion of the 12 month study
- Change From Baseline to 12 Months in Total Score on Caregiver Strain Questionnaire [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]This is a caregiver completed measure that assesses the extent to which the caregiver feels care of the participant influences the caregiver's and other family members' emotional states and/or activities. There are a total of 22 items rated from 1 - not at all to 5 - very much (with one item reverse scored). Total score is the sum of all the items (with one item reverse scored). There are three subscales objective strain -12 items, internalized subjective strain 6 items, externalized subjective 4 items. The total score can range from a minimum of 0 - no strain at all, to 110 all items rated as very much.
- Change From Baseline to Month 12 in Aberrant Behavior Checklist Irritability Subscale Score (ABC-I) [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC) is a caregiver completed rating scale that assesses problem behaviors frequently seen in individuals with developmental disabilities. There are a total of 58 items on 5 subscales that are rated from 0 - not at all a problem to 3 - problem is severe in degree. The ABC-I consists of 15 items that reflect mood swings, self-injury and aggression. The subscale score is the sum of the score on each of the 15 items. The minimum score on the ABC-I is 0 and the maximum score is 45. Higher scores reflect more severe behavioral problems. A score > or = to 18 is generally considered clinically significant.
|Study Start Date:||July 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo, liquid solution flexible dose 0.5 to 5ml every morning (AM)
Between 0.5ml per day and 5ml per day of liquid placebo will be given in the morning using a flexible dosing strategy, following a 36-week dose titration schedule.
Fluoxetine, 20mg/5ml solution, flexible dose 0.5 to 5ml every AM
Between 2 mg per day and 20 mg per day of liquid fluoxetine will be given in the morning using a flexible dosing strategy, following a 36-week dose titration schedule.
Other Name: Prozac
Autism, a brain disorder that affects a small percentage of Americans, often results in a lifetime of impaired thinking, feeling, and social functioning. The disorder generally becomes apparent in children by the age of 3. Autism typically affects a person's ability to communicate, form relationships with others, and respond appropriately to the external world. Some people with autism can function at a relatively high level, with speech and intelligence intact. Others have serious cognitive impairments and language delays, and some never speak. This study will assess the safety and effectiveness of treating autistic children with fluoxetine to enhance developmental processes in core areas impacted by autism.
Each participant was randomly assigned to treatment with double-blinded placebo or fluoxetine for 12 months. After initial screening and randomization, participants were assessed every two weeks for approximately the first 3 months, or until the dose of medication is stabilized. After this initial period, they were assessed on a monthly basis. Dosing was flexible as determined by the adverse and beneficial responses to treatment although there was a suggested titration schedule.
|United States, New York|
|Mount Sinai School of Medicine|
|New York, New York, United States, 10029|
|United States, North Carolina|
|University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill|
|Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 25714|
|Study Chair:||Linmarie Sikich, MD||University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill|