ASAP Study - Hospital-Based Brief Intervention for Alcohol Problems

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
University of Pittsburgh
Boston University
Information provided by:
Boston Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00183105
First received: September 9, 2005
Last updated: May 5, 2010
Last verified: December 2007
  Purpose

The objective of this project was to test whether screening and brief intervention for unhealthy alcohol use leads to improved alcohol-related outcomes (such as alcohol consumption and linkage to alcohol assistance) and is cost-effective.


Condition Intervention Phase
Alcohol Dependence
Alcohol Consumption
Behavioral: Brief Intervention (adaptation of motivational interviewing)
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Hospital-based Brief Intervention for Alcohol Problems

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Boston Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Linkage to alcohol assistance
  • Change in drinks per day

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in the number of times a subject exceeded per occasion limits
  • Abstinence (dichotomous)
  • Change in drinks per day
  • Drinking risky amounts (dichotomous)
  • Binge drinking (dichotomous)
  • Hospitalization
  • Emergency Department visits
  • Health related quality of life
  • Readiness to change alcohol use

Estimated Enrollment: 350
Study Start Date: February 2001
Study Completion Date: April 2006
Detailed Description:

In this study the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of brief intervention for unhealthy alcohol use in a diverse group of hospitalized medical patients was tested.

We conducted a randomized trial of medical inpatients with the whole spectrum of alcohol problems from risky use through dependence. Subjects in one group received standard care; subjects in the second group received a brief motivational intervention tailored to the severity of his or her alcohol problem. Primary outcomes are alcohol consumption and linkage to alcohol treatment. Additional outcomes include health-related quality of life, health care utilization, alcohol problems, and readiness to change. Costs, and clinical outcomes measured in quality-adjusted life years, a standard metric that allows comparison to other chronic illnesses, will be compared in a cost-effectiveness analysis.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 18 years of age or older
  • Fluent in English or Spanish
  • Consume risky amounts of alcohol
  • Provide 2 contacts to assist with follow-up
  • Have no plans to move from the local area within a year of screening
  • Score >21 on Mini-Mental State Examination (no serious cognitive impairment)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00183105

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Boston Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02118
Sponsors and Collaborators
Boston Medical Center
University of Pittsburgh
Boston University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Richard Saitz, M.D., M.P.H. Boston Medical Center
  More Information

Publications:
Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00183105     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NIAAASaitz12617-ASAP, P60AA013759, NIH AA12617
Study First Received: September 9, 2005
Last Updated: May 5, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Boston Medical Center:
Alcohol
Alcohol abuse
Alcohol dependence
Utilization
Alcohol consumption
Unhealthy alcohol use
Hospitalization
Screening
Brief Intervention
Motivational Interviewing
Randomized trial
Effectiveness
Unhealthy alcohol use (Risky alcohol consumption amounts, problem alcohol use, hazardous alcohol use, alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alcohol Drinking
Alcoholism
Alcohol-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Drinking Behavior
Mental Disorders
Substance-Related Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014