Androgen Suppression Combined With Elective Nodal and Dose Escalated Radiation Therapy

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of British Columbia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00175396
First received: September 11, 2005
Last updated: March 14, 2014
Last verified: March 2014
  Purpose

The purpose of this trial is to compare two similar treatments for patients diagnosed with prostate cancer. The two treatment arms being compared are: (Standard Arm) hormone therapy, which will prevent the production of the male hormone, testosterone, by the testicles, and pelvic external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) followed by a high-dose, conformal EBRT boost versus (Investigational Arm) hormone therapy and pelvic EBRT followed by a brachytherapy boost (implantation of radioactive iodine sources or "seeds" into the prostate).

The hypothesis of this trial is that more patients may experience 5 year actuarial freedom from biochemical recurrence of their prostate cancer following treatment with the investigational arm. Biochemical failure is declared on the date when the post treatment prostate specific antigen (PSA) is > 2 ng/mL above the lowest level previously recorded.


Condition Intervention Phase
Prostate Cancer
Procedure: Androgen suppression, radiotherapy
Procedure: Androgen suppression, radiotherapy, iodine 125 brachytherapy
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase III Study Comparing Androgen Suppression and Elective Pelvic Nodal Irradiation Followed by High Dose 3-D Conformal Boost Versus Androgen Suppression and Elective Pelvic Nodal Irradiation Followed by 125-Iodine Brachytherapy Implant Boost for Patients With Intermediate and High Risk Localized Prostate Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of British Columbia:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary end point of this trial is 5 year actuarial freedom from biochemical recurrence (5 year bNED) using the Houston definition of biochemical failure. [ Time Frame: 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • This trial is also intended to determine overall survival, metastasis-free survival, pathological local control, incidence of acute and late side effects and complications associated with the treatment interventions, effect of the planned interventions. [ Time Frame: 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 400
Study Start Date: May 2004
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2014
Primary Completion Date: December 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 1 Procedure: Androgen suppression, radiotherapy
Total of 12 months of androgen suppression. 8 months after the start of androgen suppression 4.2-5 weeks external beam radiation (46 Gy in 23 equal fractions) followed by an external beam radiation boost lasting 3.2-4 weeks (32 Gy in 16 equal fractions).
Other Names:
  • Androgen suppression: non-steroidal androgen (any of flutamide, nilutamide or bicalutamide (bicalutamide is almost always used).
  • LHRH monotherapy: buserelin acetate or leuprolide acetate.
Experimental: 2 Procedure: Androgen suppression, radiotherapy, iodine 125 brachytherapy
Total of 12 months of androgen suppression. 8 months after the start of androgen suppression 4.2-5 weeks external beam radiation (46 Gy in 23 equal fractions) followed by iodine 125 brachytherapy carried out 14-25 days after the last external beam treatment.

Detailed Description:

Patients will be randomly assigned with equal probability to one or two treatment arms, Arm 1 or Arm 2, where the interventions associated with these Arms are as follows:

Arm 1:

Neoadjuvant, concurrent and adjuvant androgen suppression, elective pelvic nodal irradiation (EPNI), high dose conformal EBRT boost to the prostate, and appropriate secondary interventions at failure.

Arm 2:

Neoadjuvant, concurrent and adjuvant androgen suppression, elective pelvic nodal irradiation (EPNI), permanent 125-Iodine brachytherapy boost to the prostate, and appropriate secondary interventions at failure.

If a patient is assigned to Arm 1, the radiation oncologist will initiate androgen suppression and monitor clinical and biochemical response. After an 8-month duration of neoadjuvant androgen suppression, the patient will undergo a course of elective pelvic nodal irradiation (EPNI) to a volume encompassing the prostate gland, seminal vesicles and regional lymph nodes. The pelvic irradiation will be followed by a dose-escalated 3-D conformal EBRT boost to the prostate with appropriate margins. The total radiation dose to the regional lymphatics is 46 Gy and prostate dose is 78 Gy at the ICRU reference point with a minimum dose to the PTV of > 74 Gy. Androgen suppression is maintained throughout radiation therapy and following the completion of radiation therapy until the patient has received a total duration of androgen suppression of 12 months including the neoadjuvant phase.

If the patient is assigned to Arm 2, the radiation oncologist will initiate androgen suppression and monitor clinical and biochemical response. After an 8-month duration of neoadjuvant androgen suppression, the patient will undergo a course of elective pelvic nodal irradiation (EPNI) to a volume encompassing the prostate gland, seminal vesicles and regional lymph nodes. The total radiation dose to the regional lymphatics is 46 Gy. Two weeks following the completion of the pelvic irradiation, the patient will undergo a permanent 125-Iodine brachytherapy prostate implant at the facilities of the participating institution by a team of healthcare professionals lead by a Radiation Oncologist with experience in prostate brachytherapy. To be eligible to participate, the institution must have done at least 25 cases of prostate brachytherapy with stranded sources. The minimal peripheral dose (MPD) to the prostate gland from the implant will be 115 Gy. A modified peripheral loading technique will be used in an effort to maintain the periurethral dose to < 150% of the MPD. Androgen suppression is maintained throughout radiation therapy until the patient has received a total duration of androgen suppression of 12 months including the neoadjuvant phase.

All patients randomized are part of the analysis. The patient remains on study whether or not protocol treatment defined for the assigned arm is completed. The end of the primary intervention is defined as 18 months following the start of neoadjuvant androgen suppression in both arms.

Secondary Objectives:

Overall survival, metastasis-free survival, pathological local control, incidence of acute and late side effects and complications associated with the treatment interventions, effect of the planned interventions on QOL and rate of testosterone recovery.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients must have histologically-proven prostate cancer stage T1c -T3a (UICC 1997).
  2. Patients with clinically organ-confined disease must meet the Canadian consensus definition of intermediate risk disease (i.e any one or more of: CS = T2b [UICC1997 = bilateral palpable intra-capsular disease], GS = 7, or iPSA >10 and 20).
  3. Patients with Gleason sum 8 and/or PSA > 20 must have a CT pelvis, and nuclear medicine bone scan showing no evidence of nodal (N0) or distant metastases (M0).
  4. Registration must occur within 36 weeks of biopsy.
  5. Patients with clinical or pathological evidence of seminal vesicle invasion (stage T3b) or involvement of adjacent pelvic organs/structures (stage T4) are not eligible.
  6. Pre-intervention PSA must not exceed 40 ng ml-1.
  7. Patients must have a chest x-ray and the following blood tests within four weeks of registration: PSA, PAP, testosterone, CBC, electrolytes, BUN, creatinine, AST, LDH and alkaline phosphatase. Patients with values for one or more of these tests that fall outside the normal range will not necessarily be ineligible, however, their eligibility will need to be reviewed by the study coordinator.
  8. Patients must have an ECG within four weeks of registration. Patients with ECGs judged to be significantly abnormal require a consultation with a cardiologist to ascertain their suitability for general or spinal anesthesia.
  9. Patients judged clinically to have a prostate volume > 65 cm3 prior to starting androgen suppression must have a transrectal ultrasound for volume estimation. Patients with TRUS prostate volumes > 75 cm3 prior to starting androgen suppression are not eligible for the study.
  10. Patients may have been started on neoadjuvant androgen suppression prior to registration provided:

    • there is documentation of pre-treatment PSA and
    • in the case of patients with iPSA >20 and/or Gleason sum 8, a bone scan and CT pelvis were done prior to or within 4 weeks after starting neoadjuvant androgen suppression.
  11. Patients must not have received prior surgical treatment for prostate cancer including transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), transurethral resection of the bladder neck (TURB), cryotherapy, laser ablation, or microwave therapy.
  12. Patients should have an estimated life expectancy of at least 5 years with an ECOG performance status of 0-2.
  13. Patients may not have received prior radiation therapy to the pelvis.
  14. Patients must be fit for general or spinal anesthetic.
  15. Patients on Coumadin therapy must be able to stop the therapy safely for at least 12 days. Documentation as to the safety of such an interruption in anticoagulation therapy must be provided by an appropriate specialist physician (usually a cardiologist or hematologist).
  16. Patients must be judged to have no contraindication to high dose pelvic irradiation or LHRH agonist therapy.
  17. Cancer survivors are eligible providing that all three of the following criteria are met:

    • The patient has undergone potentially curative therapy for all prior malignancies.
    • There has been no evidence of recurrence for at least five years following potentially curative therapy. (For non-melanoma skin cancer the five-year requirement does not apply.)
    • The patient is considered by the treating physician to be at low risk of recurrence from prior malignancies.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00175396

Locations
Canada, British Columbia
BC Cancer Agency
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V5Z 4E6
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of British Columbia
Investigators
Principal Investigator: William J Morris, MD University of British Columbia
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: University of British Columbia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00175396     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: H04-60050, H04-60050
Study First Received: September 11, 2005
Last Updated: March 14, 2014
Health Authority: Canada: Health Canada

Keywords provided by University of British Columbia:
ASCENDE-RT

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Androgens
Buserelin
Leuprolide
Iodine
Cadexomer iodine
Bicalutamide
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Fertility Agents, Female
Fertility Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Anti-Infective Agents, Local
Anti-Infective Agents
Trace Elements
Micronutrients
Growth Substances
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Androgen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 24, 2014