EArly Discharge After Transradial Stenting of CoronarY Arteries: The EASY Study

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Eli Lilly and Company
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by:
Laval University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00169819
First received: September 9, 2005
Last updated: February 23, 2007
Last verified: February 2007
  Purpose

HYPOTHESES

  • Discharge on the same day after uncomplicated trans-radial coronary artery stenting is safe and effective.
  • Hospitalized patients can be safely returned to the referring center the same day following trans-radial coronary artery stenting.
  • Abciximab given as a single bolus with optimal trans-radial coronary artery stenting is as safe and effective as bolus + 12 hrs perfusion and does not hamper early discharge.
  • Same-day discharge is cost-effective and increases patient satisfaction.

OBJECTIVES AND END-POINTS

The objectives of the present study are to assess the effectiveness and safety of same day hospital discharge after uncomplicated coronary artery stenting when a single bolus of Abciximab is used. The primary end-point of the study is the composite of death, myocardial infarction, repeat hospitalization, urgent revascularization, severe thrombocytopenia, access site complications and major bleedings at 30 days following stent implantation.

The secondary end-point is the composite of death, myocardial infarction, repeat target vessel revascularization at 30 days, 6 months and 1 year following stent implantation. Other secondary end-points include the total hospital stay (days) between the index procedure and the first 30 days follow-up, the number of unsolicited medical visits in relation with the percutaneous procedure, index of patient satisfaction and direct and indirect costs.


Condition Intervention Phase
Coronary Artery Disease
Ischemia
Drug: Abciximab
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Trial Comparing Same Day Discharge and a Single Bolus of Abciximab to Overnight Hospitalization and Bolus + Perfusion Abciximab After Uncomplicated Trans-Radial Coronary Artery Stenting

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Laval University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Death, Q & non-Q myocardial infarction (MI), urgent revascularization, repeat hospitalization, severe thrombocytopenia, access site complications, major bleedings, at 30-days.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Death, Q & non-Q MI, repeat target vessel revascularization at 30-days, 6 and 12 mo. Length of hospital stay & unsolicited medical visits at 30-days. Patient satisfaction within 24 hrs and at 30 days, 6 and 12 mo. Direct/indirect cost.

Estimated Enrollment: 1000
Study Start Date: October 2003
Estimated Study Completion Date: April 2006
Detailed Description:

Despite significant improvements in clinical results associated with the current use of stenting and pharmacologic agents there has been little modification in hospitalization duration after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). The main reasons associated with prolonged hospitalization after PCI remain 1) the fear of abrupt vessel closure and its associated morbidity 2) the need for prolonged bed rest in case of femoral approach even after use of device closures.

The introduction of coronary stents has been associated with a dramatic decrease in vessel closure once it was recognized that stent deployment required higher pressure balloon inflation and increased antiplatelet therapy. Trans-radial coronary interventions appear safer and more cost-effective than femoral PCI. However, the current use of IIb-IIIa inhibitors prohibits the early discharge of patients following PCI because their pharmacology generally imposes to pursue drug infusion between 18 and 24 hrs following PCI which does not allow same day discharge from the hospital. With Abciximab, however, pharmacologic data indicate that prolonged platelet inhibition (≥ 80%) occurs after a single bolus. Based on the EPIC trial results, it has been recommended to prolong platelet inhibition by a 12 hrs perfusion. By analyzing carefully the EPIC trial results, we hypothesized that after optimal stenting result, a single bolus of Abciximab would suffice. We aim to demonstrate that (1) with trans-radial coronary stenting at least 50% of the entire population referred for PCI could be safely discharged after a few hours observation; (2) a single bolus of Abciximab is at least as effective as current recommended treatment with a bolus + 12 hrs perfusion after uncomplicated stenting. This new regimen could significantly affect current practice, decrease hospital costs and increase patient satisfaction after PCI.

STUDY DESIGN

A prospective randomized single-center study comparing same day hospital discharge to overnight hospitalization after uncomplicated trans-radial coronary artery stenting. Out-patients will be randomized after successful stent implantation to same day discharge or will remain hospitalized at Laval Hospital until the next morning. Hospitalized patients will be randomized after successful stent implantation to either same day discharge at home or to overnight hospitalization (either at the referring center or at Laval Hospital). All eligible patients will be treated with Abciximab that will be administered according to 2 different arms: For patients randomized to same-day discharge, only a bolus of Abciximab will be given, whereas for all remaining patients, Abciximab will be given according to current practice i.e. bolus + 12 hrs perfusion. All patients which will not be eligible post-PCI will enter a registry.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with documented ischemic coronary artery disease and scheduled for possible coronary artery stenting are eligible.
  • Patient must be > 18 years of age.
  • Patient and treating interventional cardiologist agree for randomization.
  • Patient will be informed of the randomization process and will sign an informed consent.
  • Diagnostic and therapeutic intervention performed through trans-radial/ulnar artery approach.

Exclusion Criteria:

CLINICAL:

  • Patients with recent (< 72 hrs) Q-wave (ST elevation) acute myocardial infarction.
  • History of LV ejection fraction ≤ 30%.
  • Unstable clinical condition.
  • Any complication compromising ambulation
  • Concurrent participation in other investigational study requiring prolonged hospitalization
  • Required prolonged hospitalization
  • In–cath lab transient vessel closure
  • Resuscitation per PCI
  • Hemodynamic collapse during PCI
  • Severe entry site complication upon investigator decision
  • Social isolation
  • Serious cognitive disorders
  • Femoral sheath (artery)
  • Persisting chest pain
  • No ASA prior PCI
  • Allergy to ASA or thienopyridines precluding treatment for 30 days
  • Any significant blood dyscrasia
  • PCI without stent implantation (except for bifurcation lesion or re-dilatation for in-stent restenosis)
  • International Normalised Ratio (INR) > 2.0
  • Contraindication to Reopro administration

ANGIOGRAPHIC

  • Residual dissection of grade ≥ B of NHBLI classification.
  • Compromised or sub-occluded branch with diameter ≥ 1 mm.
  • Timi < 3 post-stenting
  • Thrombus post-PCI
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00169819

Locations
Canada, Quebec
Laval Hospital Research Center
Sainte-Foy, Quebec, Canada, G1V 4G5
Sponsors and Collaborators
Laval University
Eli Lilly and Company
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Olivier F Bertrand, MD, PhD Laval Hospital Research Center
  More Information

Publications:
Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00169819     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: H4S-CA-0050, ISRCTN72335887
Study First Received: September 9, 2005
Last Updated: February 23, 2007
Health Authority: Canada: Health Canada

Keywords provided by Laval University:
Same day discharge
Trans-radial
Coronary artery stenting
Abciximab bolus

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Coronary Disease
Ischemia
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Abciximab
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Hematologic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Anticoagulants

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 29, 2014