To Evaluate Current Efficacy of Antimalarials Used in Timika, Papua, Indonesia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Wellcome Trust
National Health and Medical Research Council, Australia
National Institute of Health Research and Development (NIHRD), Indonesia
Information provided by:
Menzies School of Health Research
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00157859
First received: September 7, 2005
Last updated: NA
Last verified: September 2005
History: No changes posted
  Purpose

Multidrug resistant strains of P.falciparum and P.vivax are becoming increasingly prevalent in the Asia Pacific rim. To determine the efficacy of locally recommended antimalarial protocols in Papua, Indonesia, consecutive patients presenting to a rural clinic were enrolled into a prospective efficacy study. Patients with uncomplicated falciparum malaria were treated with chloroquine plus sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and those with vivax malaria with chloroquine monotherapy. Patients failing therapy received unsupervised oral quinine +/- doxycycline for 7 days. Follow-up was continued for 42 days for falciparum malaria and 28 days for vivax malaria.

The study hypothesis was that current recommended antimalarial protocols were no longer effective.


Condition Intervention
Falciparum Malaria
Vivax Malaria
Drug: Chloroquine and sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: To Evaluate the Efficacy of Chloroquine and SP for Acute Uncomplicated P. Falciparum and the Efficacy of Chloroquine for Acute Uncomplicated P. Vivax in the Timika Region of Papua, Indonesia.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Menzies School of Health Research:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • • 42 day cure rate; corrected for reinfection by PCR genotyping.
  • • Overall Cure Rate at Day 42

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • • Overall day 28 cure rate for P.falciparum. This will allow comparison with previous historical data at this time point.
  • • Parasite reduction. Parasite reduction will be calculated at Days 1, 2 and 3 after initiation of trial treatment as percentage of parasites/uL compared to parasite density before the first dose of treatment.
  • • Proportion of patients with a negative slide at Days 1, 2 and 3
  • • Gametocyte Carriage. Anti-gametocyte activity will be measured by the proportion of patients with a peripheral gametocytaemia between day 7 to day 28.
  • • Early Treatment Failure (ETF)
  • • Late Treatment Failure (LTF)

Estimated Enrollment: 150
Study Start Date: April 2004
Estimated Study Completion Date: September 2004
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Months and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

-Male and female patients at least one 1year of age and weighing more than 10kg.

  • -Microscopic confirmation of P. falciparum and /or P.vivax infection (any parasitaemia).
  • -Fever (axillary temperature >37.5oC) or history of fever in the last 48 hours.
  • -Able to participate in the trial and comply with the clinical trial protocol
  • -Written informed consent to participate in trial; verbal consent in presence of literate witness is required for illiterate patients, and written consent from parents/guardian for children below age of consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnancy or lactation

    • -Inability to tolerate oral treatment
    • -Signs/symptoms indicative of severe/complicated malaria or warning signs requiring parenteral treatment
    • -Known hypersensitivity or allergy to artemisinin derivatives
    • -Serious underlying disease (cardiac, renal or hepatic)
    • -Parasitaemia >4%
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00157859

Locations
Indonesia
SP9 & SP12 Public Health- Malaria control clinics
Timika, Papua, Indonesia
Sponsors and Collaborators
Menzies School of Health Research
Wellcome Trust
National Health and Medical Research Council, Australia
National Institute of Health Research and Development (NIHRD), Indonesia
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Emiliana Tjitre, PhD National Institute of Health Research and Development (NIHRD), Indonesia
  More Information

No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00157859     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Timika_FP_VP, Wellcome Trust ME028458MES
Study First Received: September 7, 2005
Last Updated: September 7, 2005
Health Authority: Australia: Human Research Ethics Committee

Keywords provided by Menzies School of Health Research:
Falciparum
Vivax
Papua
Chloroquine
Sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Malaria
Malaria, Falciparum
Malaria, Vivax
Protozoan Infections
Parasitic Diseases
Chloroquine diphosphate
Fanasil, pyrimethamine drug combination
Sulfadoxine
Pyrimethamine
Chloroquine
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary
Renal Agents
Antimalarials
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Folic Acid Antagonists
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Amebicides
Antirheumatic Agents
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 22, 2014