A Pilot Study of Use of Calcium Channel Blocker to Decrease Inflammation and Pain in Hereditary Pancreatitis
This pilot study is a feasibility, safety, and preliminary benefits study to look at whether giving the calcium channel blocker amlodipine to people with hereditary pancreatitis as a prophylactic measure can reduce the inflammatory process in the pancreas.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Hereditary Pancreatitis Amlodipine Trial(H-PAT): A Pilot Study|
- safety of amlodipine: side effects, biochemistry, BP
- efficacy: symptoms diary, SF-36, cytokines analysis
- feasibility: ease of obtaining patient symptoms information, whether subjects need to be followed up as frequently as designated in this pilot, whether doing regular laboratory tests changed management in any way (i.e. whether it was necessary)
|Study Start Date:||August 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2005|
Hereditary Pancreatitis is a rare, autosomal dominantly inherited condition causing mutations in the cationic trypsinogen gene. These mutations lead to excessive activation of trypsinogen within the pancreatic acinar cells and subsequent pancreatic inflammation. Clinically, this may be observed as recurrent acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis, and eventual complications of exocrine and endocrine pancreatic insufficiencies and pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Currently, there are no specific treatment or prophylactic measures for this condition.
Calcium is the physiologic switch to activate trypsinogen. It has recently been found that the mutation sites affect how tightly calcium binds to trypsinogen, with mutations leading to excessive calcium binding and subsequent excessive trypsinogen activation. This study is to obtain baseline data on whether the prophylactic use of a long-acting calcium channel blocker, amlodipine, would lead to decrease in the inappropriate activation of trypsinogen, and thereby decrease the subsequent pancreatic inflammation.
Up to 15 subjects, aged 6 years and above, with mutations in the cationic trypsinogen gene (PRSS1) will be recruited and undergo a 16-week trial. This will include a one-month baseline symptoms assessment (daily symptoms diary) and blood pressure measurements (with an automated home blood pressure monitor). Subsequently, subjects will be placed on between 2.5 - 10 mg amlodipine po qd (with a weaning up and weaning down phase) for approximately 10 weeks. They will continue to fill out daily symptoms diary, blood pressure measurements (to ensure there are no decreases), fill out periodic quality of life questionnaires, and undergo periodic blood testing for routine biochemistry as well as more specialized testing for proteomics and other inflammatory cytokines analysis.
The study has three main purposes: to determine whether the use of amlodipine appears to be safe in this patient population, to determine how frequently and how best to follow subjects while they are taking the medication, and to determine whether there are any indications of potential benefits to the medication (whether by decreased symptoms frequency/ severity or by inflammatory cytokines analysis).
A subsequent larger study would be designed based on the above results.
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|General Clinical Research Center, University of Pittsburgh|
|Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213|
|Study Director:||David C Whitcomb, MD, PhD||Chief, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, University of Pittsburgh and University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, M2, C-Wing, Presbyterian Hospital, 200 Lothrop Street, Pittsburgh PA 15213|