fFN & E3 in the Prediction of PTB in Women With Twin Pregnancies Receiving 17OHP or Placebo
Among women with a twin pregnancy, currently enrolled in a study in which they are receiving weekly injections of 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate verses placebo injections, fetal fibronectin (fFN) and salivary estriol (E3 ) will identify the following.
- Women at increased risk for preterm delivery.
- A subpopulation, among those receiving the active drug, who may respond to progesterone.
If fFN and/or E3 identify a population of patients who respond to progesterone, these diagnostic tests may define women who may or may not be good candidates for progesterone therapy.
Device: Fetal Fibronectin
Device: Salivary Estriol
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Fetal Fibronectin (fFN) and Salivary Estriol (E3) in the Prediction of Preterm Birth in Women With Twin Pregnancies Receiving 17-Alpha-Hydroxyprogesterone Caproate or Placebo|
|Study Start Date:||August 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2006|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Device: Fetal Fibronectin
Preterm birth occurs in approximately 12% of all pregnancies in the United States and is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Despite extensive efforts the preterm birth rate has risen 25% in the United States over the last two decades. Women with multi-fetal pregnancies are at especially high risk of preterm birth. About half of twin pregnancies and almost all triplet pregnancies result in preterm birth. Thus, women with multi-fetal gestations appear to be a group that would benefit most from a screening intervention to determine those pregnancies at greatest risk for preterm birth. Currently, two biochemical, diagnostic tests for preterm birth are approved by the FDA: fetal fibronectin and salivary estriol testing. Recent studies have shown that weekly administration of 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone significantly reduced preterm delivery in singleton pregnancies. The proposed study will assist in the assessment of women who will benefit most from progesterone injections by clarifying it's mechanism of action through the evaluation of serial fFN and E3 samples in a subset of women currently enrolled in a multi-center trial evaluating 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate in twin and triplet pregnancies.
This is a prospective observational study following the results of serial fetal fibronectin and salivary estriol samples in a subpopulation of women with twin pregnancies currently enrolled in a primary trial of weekly injections of 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate versus placebo injections. Subjects will be recruited from a large perinatology practice consisting of four outpatient clinics in the Phoenix metropolitan area.
|United States, Arizona|
|Desert Good Samaritan Hospital|
|Mesa, Arizona, United States, 85202|
|Banner Good Sammaritan Hospital|
|Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85006|
|Study Director:||Kimberly Maurel, RN, MSN, CNS||Obstetrix Medical Group, Inc.|
|Principal Investigator:||Richard Lee||Obstetrix Medical Group, Inc.|