Establishing the Incidences of BRCA1 and BRCA2 Mutation by Combining DHPLC and Direct Sequencing in Ovarian Cancer

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified September 2002 by National Taiwan University Hospital.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Taiwan University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00155896
First received: September 9, 2005
Last updated: NA
Last verified: September 2002
History: No changes posted
  Purpose

Ovarian cancer is the first mortality rate of gynecologic malignancies. The incidence of ovarian cancer increased in recent 10 years. Ovarian cancer indeed is a disease that should be respected, however, there were only few of research work focusing on it in Taiwan.

To study the mechanisms of carcinogenesis of ovarian cancer will help us understand this disease and develop new strategies of diagnosis and prevention for ovarian cancer in the future. The present diagnostic methods of malignancy are clinical symptoms, physical examination, evaluation of tumor markers and instruments. It is a important issue to diagnose cancer earlier to improve the survival of cancer patients. By the development of biomedical science, many genes have been identified to be related with the carcinogenesis. If we can detect the possibility of genetic mutation earlier, we may deal with the suspected areas of malignancy as soon as possible. To our present knowledge, carcinogenesis of ovarian cancer has strong correlation with some special genes such as BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. There is 1 out of 200 normal population with BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation in the western countries. The incidences of BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation even increase to 30-50% in the population of familial ovarian cancer. Women with BRCA1 gene mutation have 80% to get breast cancer before the age of 70 and 63% of them would get ovarian cancer before the age of 70. Women with BRCA2 gene mutation have 80% to get breast or ovarian cancer before the age of 70. It seems that the genetic diagnosis of BRCA1/BRCA2 has its clinical practice. The development of new instrument- denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) is to use automated detection to find out the minute or single mutation of nucleotide. It has been applied to the clinical service by utilizing DHPLC for the genetic diagnosis of BRCA1 and BRCA2 of breast cancer patients in the department of Genetic Medicine of our hospital. It will become a most powerful tool to establish the database of BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation of the ovarian cancer patients in Taiwan, when we can use the technique of DHPLC combining with the direct DNA sequencing.


Condition
Ovarian Cancer

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Defined Population
Primary Purpose: Screening
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:

Estimated Enrollment: 100
Study Start Date: January 2003
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2008
Detailed Description:

Malignancy is the first cause of death in Taiwan. There are around 30,000 people died due to malignancy every year. Ovarian cancer is the first mortality rate of gynecologic malignancies. The incidence of ovarian cancer increased in recent 10 years. Ovarian cancer indeed is a disease that should be respected, however, there were only few of research work focusing on it in Taiwan.

To study the mechanisms of carcinogenesis of ovarian cancer will help us understand this disease and develop new strategies of diagnosis and prevention for ovarian cancer in the future. The present diagnostic methods of malignancy are clinical symptoms, physical examination, evaluation of tumor markers and instruments. It is a important issue to diagnose cancer earlier to improve the survival of cancer patients. By the development of biomedical science, many genes have been identified to be related with the carcinogenesis. If we can detect the possibility of genetic mutation earlier, we may deal with the suspected areas of malignancy as soon as possible. To our present knowledge, carcinogenesis of ovarian cancer has strong correlation with some special genes such as BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. There is 1 out of 200 normal population with BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation in the western countries. The incidences of BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation even increase to 30-50% in the population of familial ovarian cancer. Women with BRCA1 gene mutation have 80% to get breast cancer before the age of 70 and 63% of them would get ovarian cancer before the age of 70. Women with BRCA2 gene mutation have 80% to get breast or ovarian cancer before the age of 70. It seems that the genetic diagnosis of BRCA1/BRCA2 has its clinical practice. The development of new instrument- denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) is to use automated detection to find out the minute or single mutation of nucleotide. It has been applied to the clinical service by utilizing DHPLC for the genetic diagnosis of BRCA1 and BRCA2 of breast cancer patients in the department of Genetic Medicine of our hospital. It will become a most powerful tool to establish the database of BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation of the ovarian cancer patients in Taiwan, when we can use the technique of DHPLC combining with the direct DNA sequencing.

So we propose this research project. There are two main purposes in this project. First, we will utilize the new technique of DHPCL with direct DNA sequence to set up the database of BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutation of ovarian cancer patients in Taiwan. We can screen out BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutation from high-risk group by this new technique. And then we can provide these patients suitable genetic consulting and related treatment planning. Second, we would lie to set up the new technique of DHPLC combining with direct DNA sequencing in the genetic diagnosis of ovarian cancer patients for the future clinical service in our hospital.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- ovarian cancer

Exclusion Criteria:

-

  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00155896

Contacts
Contact: Chi-An Chen, MD 886-2-2312-3456 ext 5157 cachen@ha.mc.ntu.edu.tw

Locations
Taiwan
National Taiwan University Hospital Recruiting
Taipei, Taiwan
Contact: Chi-An Chen, MD    886-2-2312-3456 ext 5157    cachen@ha.mc.ntu.edu.tw   
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Taiwan University Hospital
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Chi-An Chen, MD National Taiwan University Hospital
  More Information

No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00155896     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 9261700719
Study First Received: September 9, 2005
Last Updated: September 9, 2005
Health Authority: Taiwan: Department of Health

Keywords provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:
BRCA1 gene, BRCA2 gene, DHPLC, genetic diagnosis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Ovarian Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Ovarian Diseases
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Adnexal Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Endocrine System Diseases
Gonadal Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014