AMG 531 in Patients With Advanced Malignancy Receiving Treatment With Carboplatin

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Amgen
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00147225
First received: September 6, 2005
Last updated: April 7, 2014
Last verified: April 2014
  Purpose

The goal of this clinical research study is to find the highest safe dose of AMG 531 that will decrease the risk and severity of thrombocytopenia (low platelet counts) in patients who have received chemotherapy. Researchers will also look at the safety and effectiveness of AMG 531 (Romiplostim).

Primary Objectives:

  1. To determine the clinical safety and tolerability of AMG 531 administered following chemotherapy in patients with advanced malignancy
  2. To determine an optimal biologic dose (OBD) of AMG 531 administered in patients receiving chemotherapy known to cause severe thrombocytopenia
  3. To evaluate the effects of AMG 531 on the degree and duration of thrombocytopenia and platelet recovery following chemotherapy

Secondary Objective:

1. To evaluate limited pharmacokinetics of AMG 531 administered by S.C. route post-chemotherapy


Condition Intervention Phase
Solid Tumors
Advanced Cancer
Drug: AMG 531
Drug: Carboplatin
Drug: Adriamycin
Drug: Ifosfamide
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Phase I/II Study of AMG 531 in Patients With Advanced Malignancy Receiving Treatment With Carboplatin

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Adverse Events in Sequential Cohort Dose Escalation Study of AMG 531 Following Chemotherapy [ Time Frame: Toxicity assessments with each dose level/cycle (21-28 day cycle) up to 6 cycles ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Number of participants experiencing an adverse event (AE) or serious adverse event (SAE) during study treatment, possible or probable related to study drug. All toxicities graded using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0. Participation has a maximum of 6 cycles of chemotherapy on the study.

  • Number of Participants With Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) Related Serious Adverse Events in Sequential Cohort Dose Escalation Study of AMG 531 Following Chemotherapy [ Time Frame: Toxicity assessments with each dose level/cycle (21-28 day cycle) up to 6 cycles ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Number of participants experiencing an venous thromboembolism (VTE) related serious adverse event (SAE) during study treatment, possible or probable related to study drug. All toxicities graded using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0. Participation has a maximum of 6 cycles of chemotherapy on the study. VTE events reported are part or whole total number reported for study SAEs, not in addition to SAEs reported.


Enrollment: 55
Study Start Date: August 2005
Study Completion Date: March 2013
Primary Completion Date: March 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1 mcg/kg AMG 531 Post Chemotherapy

Cycle 1, Chemotherapy alone (Control Cycle); Beginning Cycle 2, Chemotherapy followed by 1 mcg/kg AMG 531 subcutaneously on day after chemotherapy and 2 days later (study cycle) of 21-28 day treatment cycle.

Chemotherapy :

  1. Carboplatin [area under the concentration curve (AUC) = 11]; or
  2. Adriamycin - Ifosfamide (AI) regimen [Adriamycin 75-90 mg/m^2 intravenous (IV), Ifosfamide 10-14 gm/m^2 IV]; or
  3. High dose Ifosfamide: 14 gm/m^2.
Drug: AMG 531

Beginning with Cycle 2, administered in one of two schedules, either on day after chemotherapy and 2 days later (study cycle) or on day -5 (pre dose) and on day after chemotherapy (post dose) or combination of pre/post days of 21-28 day treatment cycle. Combination if Optimal biological dose (OBD) not reached, additional treatment at 10 mcg/kg dose level, with AMG 531 administered on day -5 (pre dose) and on day after chemotherapy (post dose).

1, 3, or 10 mcg/kg given as injection under the skin (subcutaneous)

Other Name: Romiplostim
Drug: Carboplatin
AUC=11; Cycle 1 chemotherapy alone then 3 weeks later, in Cycle 2, same dose of chemotherapy followed by AMG 531.
Other Name: Paraplatin
Drug: Adriamycin
75-90 mg/m^2 IV
Other Names:
  • Doxorubicin
  • Rubex
Drug: Ifosfamide
10 gm/m^2 IV; OR, High dose ifosfamide = 14 gm/m^2.
Other Name: Ifex
Experimental: 3 mcg/kg AMG 531 Post Chemotherapy

Cycle 1, Chemotherapy alone (Control Cycle); Beginning Cycle 2, Chemotherapy followed by 3 mcg/kg AMG 531 subcutaneously on day after chemotherapy and 2 days later (study cycle) of 21-28 day treatment cycle.

Chemotherapy :

  1. Carboplatin [area under the concentration curve (AUC) = 11]; or
  2. AI regimen [Adriamycin 75-90 mg/m^2 intravenous (IV), Ifosfamide 10-14 gm/m^2 IV]; or
  3. High dose Ifosfamide: 14 gm/m^2.
Drug: AMG 531

Beginning with Cycle 2, administered in one of two schedules, either on day after chemotherapy and 2 days later (study cycle) or on day -5 (pre dose) and on day after chemotherapy (post dose) or combination of pre/post days of 21-28 day treatment cycle. Combination if Optimal biological dose (OBD) not reached, additional treatment at 10 mcg/kg dose level, with AMG 531 administered on day -5 (pre dose) and on day after chemotherapy (post dose).

1, 3, or 10 mcg/kg given as injection under the skin (subcutaneous)

Other Name: Romiplostim
Drug: Carboplatin
AUC=11; Cycle 1 chemotherapy alone then 3 weeks later, in Cycle 2, same dose of chemotherapy followed by AMG 531.
Other Name: Paraplatin
Drug: Adriamycin
75-90 mg/m^2 IV
Other Names:
  • Doxorubicin
  • Rubex
Drug: Ifosfamide
10 gm/m^2 IV; OR, High dose ifosfamide = 14 gm/m^2.
Other Name: Ifex
Experimental: 10 mcg/kg AMG 531 Post Chemotherapy

Cycle 1, Chemotherapy alone (Control Cycle); Beginning Cycle 2, Chemotherapy followed by 10 mcg/kg AMG 531 subcutaneously on day after chemotherapy and 2 days later (study cycle) of 21-28 day treatment cycle.

Chemotherapy :

  1. Carboplatin [area under the concentration curve (AUC) = 11]; or
  2. AI regimen [Adriamycin 75-90 mg/m^2 intravenous (IV), Ifosfamide 10-14 gm/m^2 IV]; or
  3. High dose Ifosfamide: 14 gm/m^2.
Drug: AMG 531

Beginning with Cycle 2, administered in one of two schedules, either on day after chemotherapy and 2 days later (study cycle) or on day -5 (pre dose) and on day after chemotherapy (post dose) or combination of pre/post days of 21-28 day treatment cycle. Combination if Optimal biological dose (OBD) not reached, additional treatment at 10 mcg/kg dose level, with AMG 531 administered on day -5 (pre dose) and on day after chemotherapy (post dose).

1, 3, or 10 mcg/kg given as injection under the skin (subcutaneous)

Other Name: Romiplostim
Drug: Carboplatin
AUC=11; Cycle 1 chemotherapy alone then 3 weeks later, in Cycle 2, same dose of chemotherapy followed by AMG 531.
Other Name: Paraplatin
Drug: Adriamycin
75-90 mg/m^2 IV
Other Names:
  • Doxorubicin
  • Rubex
Drug: Ifosfamide
10 gm/m^2 IV; OR, High dose ifosfamide = 14 gm/m^2.
Other Name: Ifex
Experimental: 10 mcg/kg Pre/Post Chemotherapy

Cycle 1, Chemotherapy (Control Cycle); Beginning Cycle 2, 10 mcg/kg AMG 531 subcutaneously on Day -5 (pre dose) and on day after chemotherapy (post dose) of 21-28 day treatment cycle.

Chemotherapy :

  1. Carboplatin [area under the concentration curve (AUC) = 11]; or
  2. AI regimen [Adriamycin 75-90 mg/m^2 intravenous (IV), Ifosfamide 10-14 gm/m^2 IV]; or
  3. High dose Ifosfamide: 14 gm/m^2.
Drug: AMG 531

Beginning with Cycle 2, administered in one of two schedules, either on day after chemotherapy and 2 days later (study cycle) or on day -5 (pre dose) and on day after chemotherapy (post dose) or combination of pre/post days of 21-28 day treatment cycle. Combination if Optimal biological dose (OBD) not reached, additional treatment at 10 mcg/kg dose level, with AMG 531 administered on day -5 (pre dose) and on day after chemotherapy (post dose).

1, 3, or 10 mcg/kg given as injection under the skin (subcutaneous)

Other Name: Romiplostim
Drug: Carboplatin
AUC=11; Cycle 1 chemotherapy alone then 3 weeks later, in Cycle 2, same dose of chemotherapy followed by AMG 531.
Other Name: Paraplatin
Drug: Adriamycin
75-90 mg/m^2 IV
Other Names:
  • Doxorubicin
  • Rubex
Drug: Ifosfamide
10 gm/m^2 IV; OR, High dose ifosfamide = 14 gm/m^2.
Other Name: Ifex
Experimental: 5 mcg/kg AMG 531 Pre/Pre/Post/Post Chemotherapy

Cycle 1, Chemotherapy alone (Control Cycle); Beginning Cycle 2, Chemotherapy followed by 5 mcg/kg AMG 531 for 2 doses on Days -5 and -3 (pre doses) and on day after chemotherapy and 2 days later (post doses) of 21-28 day treatment cycle.

Chemotherapy :

  1. Carboplatin [area under the concentration curve (AUC) = 11]; or
  2. AI regimen [Adriamycin 75-90 mg/m^2 intravenous (IV), Ifosfamide 10-14 gm/m^2 IV]; or
  3. High dose Ifosfamide: 14 gm/m^2.
Drug: AMG 531

Beginning with Cycle 2, administered in one of two schedules, either on day after chemotherapy and 2 days later (study cycle) or on day -5 (pre dose) and on day after chemotherapy (post dose) or combination of pre/post days of 21-28 day treatment cycle. Combination if Optimal biological dose (OBD) not reached, additional treatment at 10 mcg/kg dose level, with AMG 531 administered on day -5 (pre dose) and on day after chemotherapy (post dose).

1, 3, or 10 mcg/kg given as injection under the skin (subcutaneous)

Other Name: Romiplostim
Drug: Carboplatin
AUC=11; Cycle 1 chemotherapy alone then 3 weeks later, in Cycle 2, same dose of chemotherapy followed by AMG 531.
Other Name: Paraplatin
Drug: Adriamycin
75-90 mg/m^2 IV
Other Names:
  • Doxorubicin
  • Rubex
Drug: Ifosfamide
10 gm/m^2 IV; OR, High dose ifosfamide = 14 gm/m^2.
Other Name: Ifex
Experimental: 10 mcg/kg AMG 531 Pre/Pre/Post/Post Chemotherapy

10 mcg/kg AMG 531 + Pre/Pre/Post/Post Chemotherapy Cycle 1, Chemotherapy alone (Control Cycle); Beginning Cycle 2, Chemotherapy followed by 10 mcg/kg AMG 531 for 2 doses on Days -5 and -3 (pre doses) and on day after chemotherapy and 2 days later (post doses) of 21-28 day treatment cycle.

Chemotherapy :

  1. Carboplatin [area under the concentration curve (AUC) = 11]; or
  2. AI regimen [Adriamycin 75-90 mg/m^2 intravenous (IV), Ifosfamide 10-14 gm/m^2 IV]; or
  3. High dose Ifosfamide: 14 gm/m^2.
Drug: AMG 531

Beginning with Cycle 2, administered in one of two schedules, either on day after chemotherapy and 2 days later (study cycle) or on day -5 (pre dose) and on day after chemotherapy (post dose) or combination of pre/post days of 21-28 day treatment cycle. Combination if Optimal biological dose (OBD) not reached, additional treatment at 10 mcg/kg dose level, with AMG 531 administered on day -5 (pre dose) and on day after chemotherapy (post dose).

1, 3, or 10 mcg/kg given as injection under the skin (subcutaneous)

Other Name: Romiplostim
Drug: Carboplatin
AUC=11; Cycle 1 chemotherapy alone then 3 weeks later, in Cycle 2, same dose of chemotherapy followed by AMG 531.
Other Name: Paraplatin
Drug: Adriamycin
75-90 mg/m^2 IV
Other Names:
  • Doxorubicin
  • Rubex
Drug: Ifosfamide
10 gm/m^2 IV; OR, High dose ifosfamide = 14 gm/m^2.
Other Name: Ifex

Detailed Description:

Platelets are cells that help make the blood clot. A decrease in platelets can cause bleeding, which may prevent or delay a patient from receiving chemotherapy. Researchers want to find out if AMG 531 can lower the risk and severity of this side effect. AMG 531 is a protein that stimulates platelet production.

If you are eligible to take part in this study, you will be assigned to 1 of 6 dosing schedules of study drug. The dose of AMG 531 that you receive will depend on when you are enrolled.

In Cycle 1, all patients will receive chemotherapy by itself. Three (3) weeks later, in Cycle 2, the same dose of chemotherapy will be given followed by AMG 531. AMG 531 will be given on one of 3 schedules. AMG 531 will be given as an injection under the skin on the day after chemotherapy and 2 days later; it will be given 5 days before and the day after chemotherapy; or it will be given 5 and 3 days before chemotherapy and on the day after chemotherapy and 2 days later. The schedule you receive will depend on when you enroll on the study. After 2 cycles of treatment, based on response of the disease and tolerance to the treatment, all participants may be able to receive up to 4 more cycles of chemotherapy followed by AMG 531. All participants will continue on the same schedule you were receiving before. The dose of AMG 531 may be increased at one time point during the study based on the response of the platelet counts.

The number of blood tests drawn (about 3 teaspoons each) will depend on your clinical condition. These samples will be taken at least 2 times a week and as often as once a day during portions of the study. You will also have blood (about 1 teaspoon) collected for the evaluation of anti-AMG 531 antibody status before treatment starts, at the end of Cycles 2 and 4, and at the end of study.

You will be taken off the study if your disease gets worse or intolerable side effects occur. At the end of the study, you will have a medical history and physical exam, including measurement of vital signs. You will also have blood (about 1 teaspoon) drawn for routine tests.

This is an investigational study. AMG 531 is not FDA approved or commercially available. At this time, it is being used for research purposes only. Up to 56 patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at University of Texas (UT)MD Anderson.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with a diagnosis of solid tumors who are at high risk for chemotherapy-induced severe thrombocytopenia related to the following regimens: (a) Carboplatin (AUC=11); (b) AI regimen (adriamycin 75-90mg/m2, Ifosfamide 10gm/m2); (c) High dose Ifosfamide (14gm/m2)
  2. Age >/= 18 years.
  3. Adequate hematologic (Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >/= 1500/mm^3, platelet count >/= 100 x 10^9/L and Hgb >/= 8 gm/dL), renal (serum creatinine </= 2.0 mg/dL), and hepatic functions (total bilirubin </= 2 times, aspartate aminotransferase (AST or SGOT) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT or SGPT) </= 3 times the upper limit of the respective normal range).
  4. Karnofsky Performance Status >/= 80
  5. Signed informed consent form
  6. Patients with childbearing potential (defined as not post-menopausal for 12 months or no previous surgical sterilization) must have a negative pregnancy test and use adequate birth control. [i.e. oral contraceptives, spermicide with either a condom, diaphragm or cervical cap, use of an intrauterine device (IUD), or abstinence].

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with rapidly progressive disease (such as patients with rapidly accumulating ascites or pleural effusion).
  2. Patients with hematologic malignancies.
  3. Pregnant or lactating women.
  4. History of central nervous system (CNS) metastasis.
  5. Patients with significant cardiac disease (New York Hearth Association (NYHA) Class III or IV), dysrrhythmia, or recent history of MI or ischemia, transient ischemic attack or cerebrovascular accident (CVA), within the previous 6 months of study entry.
  6. Patients with a history of thromboembolic events (history of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolus).
  7. Prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or experimental drug (not FDA-approved drug) within 3 weeks. Patients will be eligible if day 1 of chemotherapy was initiated 3 weeks prior to study entry if the patient has recovery of blood counts and from acute toxicity of chemotherapy as described in inclusion criteria # 3.
  8. Use of nitrosourea (carmustine (BCNU), lomustine (CCNU) or mitomycin - C within 6 weeks of study entry.
  9. Prior surgery or Radiation Therapy (RT) within 2 weeks of study entry.
  10. Patients with history of prior whole pelvic radiation will be excluded unless there is no prior history of severe thrombocytopenia (i.e. platelet nadir <10,000/mm^3)
  11. Patients with history of prior high dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant or with history of prolonged thrombocytopenia (>/= 2 weeks).
  12. History of any platelet disorders including Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) or bleeding disorders.
  13. History of > 4 prior chemotherapy regimens (all platinum regimens will be counted as one regimen).
  14. Patients with significant bowel dysfunction secondary to tumor (significant abdominal pain with severe constipation/diarrhea (>/= Grade 3), significant difficulty maintaining oral nutrition).
  15. Patients with pre-existing neuropathy > Grade 2.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00147225

Locations
United States, Texas
UT MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Amgen
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Saroj Vadhan-Raj, MD UT MD Anderson Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00147225     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2005-0099
Study First Received: September 6, 2005
Results First Received: April 7, 2014
Last Updated: April 7, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Advanced Cancer
Advanced Malignancy
Solid Tumors
Thrombocytopenia
AMG 531
Romiplostim
Carboplatin
Paraplatin
Platelets
Adriamycin
Doxorubicin
Rubex
Ifosfamide
Ifex

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms
Doxorubicin
Liposomal doxorubicin
Isophosphamide mustard
Ifosfamide
Carboplatin
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014