Safety and Immunogenicity of GSK Biological's Candidate Tuberculosis Vaccine Mtb72F/AS02A in Healthy PPD-positive Adults
This study will evaluate the safety, reactogenicity and immunogenicity of Mtb72F/AS02A in healthy European volunteers who are PPD-positive either via previous vaccination with BCG and/or conversion to PPD positivity through exposure to Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Double-blind (Observer-blind), Randomised, Controlled, Phase I/II Study, to Evaluate the Safety, Reactogenicity and Immunogenicity of GSK Biologicals' Candidate Tuberculosis Vaccine, Mtb72F/AS02A Administered Intramuscularly at 0, 1, 2 Months to Healthy PPD-positive Volunteers Aged 18 to 50 Years|
- Occurrence of solicited symptoms during the 7-day follow-up period, unsolicited symptoms during the 30-day follow-up period, grade 3 vaccine related local and general symptoms during the 30-day follow-up and serious adverse events during the entire study [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Immunogenicity as assessed by humoral and CMI response. [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||July 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2006|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
The BCG vaccine has been widely available for several decades. It is easy and cheap to produce, and when given to neonates or young children it is effective in preventing severe manifestations of disease such as meningeal tuberculosis and miliary tuberculosis. However, in terms of the capacity of the vaccine to protect adult humans it shows a wide range of efficacy, including zero levels of protection. Due to the general realization that BCG is losing its protective effect, particularly in terms of preventing adult-onset tuberculosis, a major effort has been made to try to develop new alternative vaccines. One such candidate, Mtb72F/AS02A, is a polyprotein derived from two known M. tuberculosis antigens adjuvanted with AS02A. Mtb72F/AS02A is a candidate TB vaccine under development for two indications: prevention of primary TB infection in young children in highly endemic areas and as an adjunct to treatment for TB in adolescents and adults.