Obesity and Weight Loss on Reproductive Function
The purpose of this study is to examine how obesity and weight loss following bariatric surgery affect reproductive function. The study is particularly interested in how changes in hormones (those produced in the stomach and fat tissue) following weight loss affect reproductive function. Specifically, we, the researchers at Penn State University, propose to characterize reproductive abnormalities in morbidly obese men and women. We hypothesize that morbid obesity leads to reproductive abnormalities in men and women. We plan to examine the short-term effects of alteration in GI hormones after bariatric surgery on reproductive function. We hypothesize that bariatric surgery radically alters GI hormone expression, resulting in immediate changes to the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in men and women. Lastly, we, the researchers, plan to examine the long-term effects of weight loss and changes in adipokines on reproductive function. We hypothesize that the changes in adipokine levels resulting from fat mass reduction lead to substantial long-term improvements in reproductive function and fertility. We also hypothesize that there are sexual dimorphisms in adipokine levels following weight loss, with women experiencing larger changes than men.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||The Effects of Morbid Obesity and Weight Loss on Reproductive Function: The Bariatric Surgery Model|
whole blood & urine
|Study Start Date:||June 2005|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||January 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Obesity may influence female reproduction through a variety of mechanisms including: suppressing ovulation; inhibiting ovarian follicular development; and altering endometrial development and implantation. In males, obesity may impair reproductive function by several mechanisms including: decreasing libido, causing erectile dysfunction, influencing semen composition, or sperm function. Therefore the long term goal of the current project is to understand the impact of severe obesity on reproductive function and how this is influenced by dramatic weight loss.
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|The Penn State Hershey Medical Center|
|Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States, 17033|
|Principal Investigator:||Richard Legro, M.D.||Penn State University/Milton S. Hershey Medical Center|