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Molecular and Immunological Tools for Detection of Strain Diversity, Drug Resistance and Immunological Responses

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Colorado State University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00138437
First received: August 26, 2005
Last updated: November 5, 2014
Last verified: November 2014
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to determine what factors contribute to the continued incidence of leprosy in Colombia. Study participants will include volunteering and consenting individuals, older than 4 years of age, representing three study groups:

  1. healthy persons with no known contact with leprosy patients
  2. patients reporting at Instituto Colombiano de Medicina Tropical-CES and Impresa Social del Estado Sanatorio Agua de Dios with a new diagnosis of leprosy or relapse of leprosy
  3. household contacts of leprosy patients described in group 2. Blood, nasal swabs, slit skin smears, and biopsies will be taken from the volunteers to learn the strains of leprosy-causing bacteria in the area, the immune responses (body's response to disease) in local residents against the bacteria, and the pattern of leprosy transmission. Individuals will participate in this study for 1-10 days, and the study will last for 3 years.

Condition
Leprosy

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Molecular Epidemiology of Leprosy in Colombia

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Colorado State University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Strain typing: identification of genotypes [ Time Frame: Dec, 2010 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA

Blood, Nasal Swabs, Skin Biopsies and scrapings


Enrollment: 1554
Study Start Date: April 2006
Study Completion Date: April 2013
Primary Completion Date: April 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts
Leprosy Patients (Group 1)
All leprosy patients
Household Contacts (Group 2)
Household contacts with known contact with leprosy patients
Healthy Individuals (Group 3)
Healthy persons with no known contact with leprosy patients

Detailed Description:

The overall objectives of this study are to understand the factors leading to continued incidence of leprosy in Colombia by novel molecular methodologies using a combination of retrospective and prospective sampling approaches using three study groups. Specific objectives are: (1) strain typing of M. leprae isolates obtained from newly diagnosed leprosy patients and household contacts (HHCs) in Colombia to identify clusters and transmission patterns when combined with conventional epidemiological criteria; (2) to determine the viability of M. leprae by mRNA detection in specimens collected from new leprosy patients and HHCs; (3) to identify and determine the extent of mutations conferring resistance in past and circulating M. leprae isolates from leprosy patients to two Multidrug therapy (MDT) drugs; dapsone and rifampicin; (4) to detect chains of transmission in endemic populations by a retrospective analyses of isolates in sample banks when combined with strain typing information from new cases and conventional epidemiological criteria; and (5) to detect, compare, and delineate immune response profiles to M. leprae antigens as biomarkers for early detection of leprosy and prediction of clinical outcome (susceptible, infected, and resistant individuals) among three study groups. Study participants for prospective sample collections will include volunteering and consenting individuals older than 4 years of age, representing three study groups: (1) healthy persons with no known contacts with leprosy patients, (2) patients reporting at Instituto Colombiano de Medicina Tropical-CES (ICMT-CES) and Impresa Social del Estado Sanatorio Agua de Dios for the diagnosis of leprosy and/or relapse of leprosy, and (3) household contacts (HHC) of leprosy patients reporting at Instituto Colombiano de Medicina Tropical-CES (ICMT-CES) and Impresa Social del Estado Sanatorio Agua de Dios. Blood, nasal swabs, slit skin smears and biopsies will be obtained prospectively from individuals greater than 4 years of age representing three study groups: newly diagnosed and relapse leprosy patients, their household contacts; and healthy persons with no known contacts with leprosy patients. Retrospective archived samples from past and present leprosy patients will be included when available. DNA and RNA based methodologies will be developed and applied to obtain data necessary for substantiation of a number of factors implicated in transmission of leprosy in Colombia. Nucleic acid based molecular methods like Multiple Locus Variable number of tandem repeat Analysis (MLVA) and Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) will be performed for strain typing M. leprae, in combination with epidemiological information to delineate the distribution of types of the organism in various regions of Colombia. Other DNA markers such as mutations causing drug resistance will also be collected from the M. leprae containing specimens. Due to the lack of methods to cultivate M. leprae, viability of the organism in newly collected biological samples will be tested by mRNA detection. A database will be generated which will include M. leprae genotypes, patient history (clinical and demographic) for comprehensive epidemiological analyses to monitor prevailing M. leprae population structures reflective of short and long range dissemination; and correlations between disease type and genotype; to track evolutionary and transmission patterns. Profiling of host immunological responses during infection with M. leprae will be done by detection of a panel of cytokines at the level of mRNA and/or protein, and detection of antibodies against M. leprae antigens in leprosy patients, their household contacts and healthy individuals with no known history or contacts with leprosy patients.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Study participants for prospective sample collections will include volunteering and consenting individuals older than 18 years of age, representing three study groups

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All leprosy patients (Group1), their household contacts (Group 2) and healthy persons with no known contacts with leprosy patients (Group 3), between the ages of 18 and 70 years willing to participate in this study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients unwilling to participate or unable to give informed consent will be excluded from the study.
  • Pregnant women will be excluded.

Exclusion criteria for objective A.5 are one or more of the following conditions:

  • Chronic illnesses such as cancer
  • Diabetes
  • Hepatitis
  • HIV
  • Tuberculosis
  • Undergoing corticosteroid therapy
  • Current or previous history of immunosuppressive therapy as assessed from medical records and interviews with a physician.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00138437

Locations
Colombia
Impresa Socail del Estado Sanatorio Agua de Dios
Agua de Dios City, Colombia
Instituto Colombiano de Medicina Tropical-CES
Sabaneta, Colombia
Sponsors and Collaborators
Colorado State University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Varalakshmi Vissa, PhD Colorado State University
Principal Investigator: Nora Cardona-Castro, MD, MSc Instituto Colombiano de Medicina Tropical - Universidad CES
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Colorado State University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00138437     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 09-817H
Study First Received: August 26, 2005
Last Updated: November 5, 2014
Health Authority: Colombia: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Colorado State University:
leprosy
Colombia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leprosy
Actinomycetales Infections
Bacterial Infections
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Mycobacterium Infections

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 24, 2014