Testing the Right Question Project (RQP) Health Education Strategy in a Mental Health Setting
The purpose of this pilot project is to test the effectiveness of three 20 minute health education modules on patient empowerment, patient activation and retention in care.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
|Official Title:||Testing the Right Question Project Health Education Strategy in a Mental Health Setting|
- Patient activation [ Time Frame: at 4, 6 and 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Patient empowerment at 4, 6 and 8 weeks [ Time Frame: at 4, 6 and 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Retention in care at one year [ Time Frame: at one year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||August 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2005|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2005 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
These participants receive the RQP-MH intervention
|Behavioral: RQP patient health education module|
Recent research has demonstrated positive outcomes for patients who take an active role in their mental health care (Linhorst & Eckert, 2003). Patients who participate in the decision-making process are more satisfied with services, have a greater sense of self-efficacy and confidence, an increased ability to cope with daily life, and are more likely to achieve their treatment goals (Linhorst & Eckert, 2003). As defined by Chamberlin and Schene (1997), empowerment in mental health care requires having access to information and resources, having a range of options from which to make choices, learning to think critically, and having the power to make decisions. Cooper-Patrick et al. (1999) indicate that minority patients are less likely to have a collaborative relationship with providers than are otherwise similar white patients. Thus, there is a need for minority patients to learn to take a more active role in their care. One way to address the need for increased empowerment and activation among minority mental health patients is to provide them with training to enhance their communication and decision-making skills. The Right Question Project (RQP) is a consumer educational technique designed for this purpose and developed for use in multiple settings. The proposed study will examine the effectiveness of RQP with a Latino population.
The Right Question Project (RQP) is a non-profit organization that works primarily with low- and moderate-income communities with a history of disengagement from education, health care, and other social services. The RQP approach differs from traditional models of client empowerment in that instead of supplying clients with solutions to problems, the RQP gives them a means to develop their own solutions. RQP teaches clients to identify important issues, formulate questions, and devise plans to communicate and act in effective ways that address factors impacting their health. The RQP methodology involves:
- establishing a set of beliefs, principles, and values about client involvement;
- teaching a skill-building technique that helps clients to think critically and ask the "right" questions, leading to the answers they need; and
- giving clients a framework to create action plans and use their question-formulation skills.
The RQP methodology is designed to build a permanent skill that clients can apply in health care, as well as in other contexts that involve self-advocacy (e.g., getting better child care). Thus far, implementation of the Right Question Project has shown that clients of any education or literacy level can easily participate and benefit from the methodology's three-step approach. RQP has been particularly successful in educational settings (Cohen, 1995).
The focus of the RQP health education module is to help patients learn how to formulate and ask questions of their health care providers, in order to improve the quality of their care. The Right Question Project, Inc. developed this protocol and trained staff at the Cambridge Health Alliance (CHA) to conduct health education modules with psychiatry outpatients. The pilot study uses a pre-post test design with two groups of 100 patients each from two clinics that serve primarily Latino patients. The group at the CHA clinic will serve as the "treatment" group. This group will receive the training modules and will be interviewed about their experience in care. The group at the clinic at Massachusetts General Hospital will serve as the "control" group. This group will be interviewed without first receiving the training. Outcomes for the groups will be compared to look for an effect. If the RQP training appears to have a positive affect on patients at CHA, then MGH patients will be offered the RQP training. By testing the effectiveness of this educational module, we hope to establish its usefulness as a means for the Cambridge Health Alliance to become even more patient-centered and to assist in the integration and institutionalization of patient empowerment/activation.
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Windsor Street Health Center|
|Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States, 02139|
|MGH Chelsea Healthcare Center|
|Chelsea, Massachusetts, United States, 02150|
|Principal Investigator:||Margarita Alegria, PhD||Cambridge Health Alliance|