A Randomized Multi-Intervention Trial to Inhibit Precancerous Gastric Lesions in Lingu, Shandong Province

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00339768
First received: June 19, 2006
Last updated: April 3, 2014
Last verified: February 2014
  Purpose

The Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics is conducting a collaborative randomized multi-intervention trial with the Beijing Institute for Cancer Research to evaluate the etiologic role of Helicobacter pylori, garlic, and certain micronutrients in the multi-step process of gastric carcinogenesis. The primary endpoint will not be cancer, but rather the precancerous lesions severe chronic atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia, and dysplasia. The study is designed to detect a stabilizing or mild decrease in the expected age-related progression of precancerous lesions over the course of the trial. Thus the trial can be considered a study of the potential inhibitors of the process of gastric carcinogenesis. The trial will also provide an evaluation of therapy for H. pylori, including an assessment of reinfection rates, a critical need for formulating strategies for infection control in China and other developing countries. Participating in the trial are approximately 3400 adults aged 35-70 who were part of an ongoing survey of precancerous gastric lesions in 13 Linqu villages in Shandong Province. Linqu appears to be an ideal setting for the trial since stomach cancer rates are among the highes in the world, precancerous gastric lesions are prevalent, and the population is stable and well characterized. These individuals will be randomly assigned (taking H. pylori positivity into account) into 8 intervention groups according to a 2(3) factorial design. The interventions are: 1) initial treatment of H. pylori infection with ameprazole and amoxicillin followed by 2) daily supplementation with a combination of alpha-tocopherol, vitamin C, and selenium; and 3) daily supplementation with garlic extracts. No serious side effects have been seen from any of the interventions to date. The study staff will continue to monitor for possible adverse reactions and the population will receive routine medical care follow-up throughout the course of the trial.

As part of the ongoing study in Linqu, all participants received an endoscopic exam in the fall of 1994. Repeat gastroscopic exams with biopsies at 7 standard gastric sites will be conducted during March to May, 1999 and March to May, 2003 to detect early cancers and to evaluate gasatric mucosal status. The subjects will be categorized according to the most advanced lesions detected in all biopsies and assigned a severity score. The three major endpoints for analysis will be: 1) prevalence of dysplasia or cancer 2) prevalence of sever chronic atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia, dysplasia, or cancer; and 3) average severity score.


Condition
Precancerous Gastric Lesions

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: Randomized Multi-Intervention Trial to Inhibit Precancerous Gastric Lesions in Lingu, Shandong Province, China

Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 3600
Study Start Date: May 1995
Detailed Description:

The Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics is conducting an 8-year collaborative randomized multi-intervention trial with the Beijing Institute for Cancer Research to evaluate the etiologic role of Helicobacter pylori, garlic, and certain micronutrients in the multi-step process of gastric carcinogenesis. The primary endpoint will not be cancer, but rather the precancerous lesions severe chronic atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia, and dysplasia. The study is designed to detect a stabilizing or mild decrease in the expected age-related progression of precancerous lesions over the course of the trial. Thus the trial can be considered a study of the potential inhibitors of the process of gastric carcinogenesis. The trial will also provide an evaluation of therapy for H. pylori, including an assessment of reinfection rates, a critical need for formulating strategies for infection control in China and other developing countries. Participating in the trial are approximately 3400 adults aged 35-70 who were part of an ongoing survey of precancerous gastric lesions in 13 Linqu villages in Shandong Province. Linqu appears to be an ideal setting for the trial since stomach cancer rates are among the highest in the world, precancerous gastric lesions are prevalent, and the population is stable and well characterized. These individuals will be randomly assigned (taking H. pylori positivity into account) into 8 intervention groups according to a 2(3) factorial design. The interventions are: 1) initial treatment of H. pylori infection with omeprazole and amoxicillin followed by 2) daily supplementation with a combination of alpha-tocopherol, vitamin C, and selenium; and 3) daily supplementation with garlic extracts. Compliance was excellent and no serious side effects were seen from any of the interventions.

As part of the ongoing study in Linqu, all participants received an endoscopic exam in the fall of 1994. Repeat gastroscopic exams with biopsies at 7 standard gastric sites conducted during March to May, 1999 and March to April, 2003 to detect early cancers and to evaluate gastric mucosal status. The subjects will be categorized according to the most advanced lesions detected in all biopsies and assigned a severity score. The three major endpoints for analysis will be: 1) prevalence of dysplasia or cancer 2) prevalence of severe chronic atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia, dysplasia, or cancer; and 3) average severity score.

The major endpoint paper was published in JNCI in 2006. Additional analyses of the trial data are underway. A continuation study is proceeding that will allow for follow-up of the approximately 3070 remaining trial participants through 2010 on the long-term effects of the previous treatments on gastric cancer incidence and on cause-specific death rates and allow approximately 364 participants in the previous study with advanced gastric lesions in 2003 an opportunity for annual endoscopic screening for gastric cancer.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   35 Years to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Ages 35-670 in the 14 Linqu villages who received endoscopy examinations in the fall of 1994.

Both men and women will be included.

Patients must sign an informed consent form indicating a willingness to participate in the 42-month trial.

Must be free of debilitating chronic disease.

Must not report allergies to penicillin or similar medications.

Must not have had previous treatment for H. pylori.

Must not have a history of bleeding disorder.

Must not be taking vitamin/mineral supplements on a regular basis.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Persons with cancer (except resected non-melanotic skin cancer), heart failure, emphysema, and other life-threatening illness will be excluded.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00339768

Locations
China
Beijing Institute for Cancer Research
Beijing, China
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Mitchell H Gail, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00339768     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00134121, NCT01338155
Other Study ID Numbers: 999995029, OH95-C-N029
Study First Received: June 19, 2006
Last Updated: April 3, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Helicobacter Pylori
Vitamins
Garlic
Omeprazole
Amoxicillin

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 02, 2014