A Pilot Study of the Treatment of Eosinophilic Esophagitis With Omalizumab
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is an increasingly recognized condition characterized by dysphagia, food impaction or other obstructive esophageal symptoms in children and young adults.
The pathophysiology of EE appears to be an allergy/atopy mediated disease. A personal and family history of allergic diseases (food allergies, atopic dermatitis, asthma, allergic rhinitis or conjunctivitis) has been noted in 62-85% of patients with EE. The rising incidence of EE may be related to the worldwide allergy and asthma epidemic.
Current treatment of EE is directed at decreasing esophageal allergic inflammation. Oral and topical corticosteroids, cromolyn sodium, montelukast and elemental/elimination diets have all been shown to be effective. However, none of these treatments are directed at the specific pathophysiologic mechanism of EE and some have significant side effects.
The shared pathogenetic mechanisms of EE and asthma suggest that therapeutic strategies directed at asthma may also be effective for EE. Specifically those targeted at the allergic immune mechanisms involved with asthma may be effective. Omalizumab is a recently developed anti-IgE antibody that has been shown to decrease the use of inhaled and oral corticosteroids, reduce the frequency of asthma exacerbations, and improve asthma related symptoms in patients with allergic asthma. The objective of the study is to determine the efficacy of omalizumab in the treatment of eosinophilic esophagitis
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Pilot Study of the Treatment of Eosinophilic Esophagitis With Omalizumab|
- To determine the efficacy of omalizumab as determined by a reduction in eosinophils per high power field [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- To determine the effect of omalizumab on other clinical and histological parameters of EE including reducing the symptoms of EE measured by overall improvement in esophageal symptoms [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||November 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Placebo Comparator: placebo
Placebo given IV once every 2-4 weeks based on weight
Other Name: saline
omalizumab dosed IV based on IgE level and weight every 2 - 4 weeks
Other Name: Xolair
This is a dual-center double-blind, placebo controlled trial of omalizumab for the treatment of EE. Omalizumab will be dosed depending on the patient's body weight and baseline IgE level. Omalizumab or placebo will be administered subcutaneously every 4 weeks for 16 weeks. At study entry subjects will have EGD with biopsies performed to ensure the diagnosis and obtain tissue for histologic analysis. No dilation will be performed at this time. Baseline validated questionnaires for dysphagia, GERD, and atopy will also be administered. Blood will be drawn for baseline serum testing. Repeat questionnaires and rating of overall symptom improvement will be administered at 4 week intervals for the rest of the study period. At the end of the 16 week period, repeat endoscopy will be performed and biopsies taken. Esophageal dilation may be performed if clinically indicated at this time. Blood will also be drawn for repeat serum testing.
|United States, Utah|
|University of Utah HSC|
|Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84132|
|Principal Investigator:||John C. Fang, M.D.||University of Utah HSC|