Bevacizumab and Combination Chemotherapy in Patients With Lymph Node Positive Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00119262
First received: July 12, 2005
Last updated: April 29, 2014
Last verified: December 2012
  Purpose

This phase II trial is studying how well giving bevacizumab together with combination chemotherapy works in treating patients who have undergone surgery for breast cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Bevacizumab may also stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving bevacizumab together with more than one chemotherapy drug (combination chemotherapy), may be a better way to block tumor growth.


Condition Intervention Phase
Male Breast Cancer
Stage II Breast Cancer
Stage IIIA Breast Cancer
Stage IIIB Breast Cancer
Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Biological: bevacizumab
Drug: paclitaxel
Biological: filgrastim
Biological: pegfilgrastim
Radiation: radiation therapy
Drug: tamoxifen citrate
Drug: aromatase inhibition therapy
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Feasibility Trial Incorporating Bevacizumab Into Dose Dense Doxorubicin and Cyclophosphamide Followed by Paclitaxel in Patients With Lymph Node Positive Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Congestive Heart Failure Rate [ Time Frame: assessed on day 1 of cycles 5, 9, 17 and 25, and at end of treatment, then every 3 months for <2 years and every 6 months for 2-3 years from study entry ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Clinical congestive heart failure includes patients with symptomatic decline in LVEF to at or below the lower limit of normal (LLN), or symptomatic diastolic dysfunction. 223 treated patients were included in the analysis.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of Patients With Absolute Decrease in Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF) Levels Post Doxorubicin and Cyclophosphamide(AC) [ Time Frame: assessed on day 1 of cycles 5, 9, 17, 25, and at end of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The endpoint was measured by absolute decrease from baseline in LVEF of >15% or >10% decline from baseline to below the LLN post doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (AC) Day 1 Cycle 5 (DIC5). 207 patients who were treated and had baseline and DIC5 LVEF values were included in the analysis.

  • Proportion of Patients With Absolute Decrease in LVEF Levels Post Bevacizumab [ Time Frame: assessed on day 1 of cycles 5, 9, 17, 25, and at end of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The endpoint was measured by absolute decrease from baseline in LVEF of >15% or >10% decline from baseline to below the LLN post bevacizumab (the end of treatment). 158 patients who were treated and had baseline and end of treatment LVEF values were included in the analysis.


Enrollment: 226
Study Start Date: October 2005
Study Completion Date: September 2009
Primary Completion Date: August 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I (combination chemotherapy, 18 courses of bevacizumab)
See detailed description.
Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ADM
  • ADR
  • Adria
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CPM
  • CTX
  • Cytoxan
  • Endoxan
  • Endoxana
Biological: bevacizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • anti-VEGF humanized monoclonal antibody
  • anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody
  • Avastin
  • rhuMAb VEGF
Drug: paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anzatax
  • Asotax
  • TAX
  • Taxol
Biological: filgrastim
Given SC
Other Names:
  • G-CSF
  • Neupogen
Biological: pegfilgrastim
Given SC
Other Names:
  • Filgrastim SD-01
  • GCSF-SD01
  • Neulasta
  • SD-01 sustained duration G-CSF
Radiation: radiation therapy
Undergo radiation therapy
Other Names:
  • irradiation
  • radiotherapy
  • therapy, radiation
Drug: tamoxifen citrate
Given orally
Other Names:
  • Nolvadex
  • TAM
  • tamoxifen
  • TMX
Drug: aromatase inhibition therapy
Receive aromatase inhibition therapy
Other Name: inhibition therapy, aromatase
Active Comparator: Arm II (combination chemotherapy, 22 courses of bevacizumab)
See detailed description.
Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ADM
  • ADR
  • Adria
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CPM
  • CTX
  • Cytoxan
  • Endoxan
  • Endoxana
Biological: bevacizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • anti-VEGF humanized monoclonal antibody
  • anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody
  • Avastin
  • rhuMAb VEGF
Drug: paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anzatax
  • Asotax
  • TAX
  • Taxol
Biological: filgrastim
Given SC
Other Names:
  • G-CSF
  • Neupogen
Biological: pegfilgrastim
Given SC
Other Names:
  • Filgrastim SD-01
  • GCSF-SD01
  • Neulasta
  • SD-01 sustained duration G-CSF
Radiation: radiation therapy
Undergo radiation therapy
Other Names:
  • irradiation
  • radiotherapy
  • therapy, radiation
Drug: tamoxifen citrate
Given orally
Other Names:
  • Nolvadex
  • TAM
  • tamoxifen
  • TMX
Drug: aromatase inhibition therapy
Receive aromatase inhibition therapy
Other Name: inhibition therapy, aromatase

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the incidence of clinically apparent cardiac dysfunction in patients with lymph node positive breast cancer treated with bevacizumab and dose dense doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel (ddAC > T).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate changes in LVEF during treatment. II. To evaluate non-cardiac toxicity.

OUTLINE: This is a non-randomized, multicenter study. Patients are sequentially assigned to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

Arm A: Patients receive doxorubicin IV, cyclophosphamide IV over 20-30 minutes, and bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1. Patients also receive filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously (SQ) on days 2-11 or pegfilgrastim SC on day 2. Treatment repeats every 14 days for 4 courses. Patients then receive paclitaxel IV over 3 hours and bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1. Patients also receive G-CSF or pegfilgrastim as above. Treatment with paclitaxel, bevacizumab, and G-CSF or pegfilgrastim repeats every 14 days for 4 courses. Patients then receive bevacizumab alone every 14 days for up to 18 courses.

Arm B: Patients receive doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, and G-CSF or pegfilgrastim as in group I. Patients then receive paclitaxel, bevacizumab, and G-CSF or pegfilgrastim as in group I. Patients then receive bevacizumab alone every 14 days for up to 22 courses.

Treatment in both groups continues in the absence of disease recurrence or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients who require radiotherapy (post-lumpectomy) or who plan radiotherapy at the discretion of the investigator (post-mastectomy) undergo radiotherapy beginning within 6 weeks after the completion of chemotherapy.

Premenopausal patients with estrogen receptor (ER) and/or progesterone receptor (PR) positive disease receive oral tamoxifen once daily for 5 years beginning at the time of radiotherapy or within 6 weeks after the completion of chemotherapy. Postmenopausal patients with ER and/or PR positive disease receive an aromatase inhibitor (e.g., anastrozole, letrozole, or exemestane) or tamoxifen followed by an aromatase inhibitor once daily for up to 10 years.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for up to 3 years from study entry.

ACCRUAL: A total of 226 patients (104 on arm A and 122 on arm B) were accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the breast with involvement of at least one axillary or internal mammary lymph node on routine histologic examination with hematoxylin and eosin staining; NOTE: patients with axillary or internal mammary node involvement only demonstrated by immunohistochemistry are not eligible
  • Patients must have completed definitive breast surgery including total mastectomy and axillary dissection (modified radical mastectomy), total mastectomy and sentinel node biopsy, lumpectomy and axillary dissection, or lumpectomy and sentinel node biopsy; NOTE: axillary dissection is strongly encouraged in patients with lymph node involvement identified on sentinel node biopsy
  • Margins of lumpectomy or mastectomy must be histologically free of invasive breast cancer and ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS); patients with resection margins positive for lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) are eligible
  • (ARM A ONLY) Interval between last surgery for breast cancer (lumpectomy, mastectomy, sentinel node biopsy, axillary dissection or re-excision of lumpectomy margins) and D1 must be > 28 days and =< 84 days
  • ECOG performance status of 0-2
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1000/mm^3
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 mg/dL
  • AST =< 2 upper limit of normal
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL
  • Urine protein: creatinine ratio < 1.0
  • PT INR =< 1.5
  • PTT =< 1.5 x normal
  • LVEF >= institutional limits of normal by MUGA or ECHO
  • Prior to registration the investigator must specify if radiation is planned; patients who have undergone a lumpectomy must receive radiation; post-mastectomy radiation is at the investigator's discretion
  • Patients with HER2+ (3+ by IHC or FISH+) breast cancer are not eligible and should be treated with a trastuzumab-based adjuvant therapy
  • Patients with synchronous bilateral breast cancer (diagnosed within one month) are eligible if the higher TMN stage tumor meets the eligibility criteria for this trial
  • Patients must not have clinical evidence of inflammatory disease or fixed axillary nodes (N2) at diagnosis
  • Patients must not have received prior cytotoxic chemotherapy, hormonal therapy or radiation for this breast cancer; prior treatment with an anthracycline, anthracenedione or taxane for any condition is not allowed; NOTE: prior use of tamoxifen for chemoprevention is allowed but must be discontinued at study entry; similarly prior raloxifene use is allowed but must be discontinued at study entry
  • Patients must not have had a major surgical procedure within 4 weeks of entry; NOTE: non-operative biopsy or placement of a vascular access device is not considered a major surgery
  • Patients must not have clinically significant cardiovascular disease including:

    • New York Heart Association (NYHA) grade II or greater congestive heart failure
    • Grade II or greater peripheral vascular disease
    • Uncontrolled hypertension defined as SBP > 160 or DBP > 90
    • Any prior history of cerebrovascular disease including TIA or stroke
  • Patients must not require therapeutic anticoagulation; patients with a history of deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism are not eligible; NOTE: prophylactic use of anticoagulants to maintain patency of a vascular assess device is permitted
  • Patients may not require regular use of aspirin (daily for >= 10 days at doses of > 325 mg/day) or regular therapeutic doses of other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents known to inhibit platelet function; additionally, patients using any of the following drugs known to inhibit platelet function are not eligible: dipyridamole (Persantine), ticlopidine (Ticlid), clopidogrel (Plavix) and cilostazol (Pletal); NOTE: regular use of Cox-2 inhibitors is permitted; NOTE: low-dose aspirin is permitted
  • Patients must not have a non-healing wound or fracture; patients with an abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within 6 months are excluded
  • Patients must not have hypersensitivity to paclitaxel or drugs using the vehicle Cremophor, Chinese hamster ovary cell products or other recombinant human antibodies
  • Patients who have experienced myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 12 months are excluded
  • Patients who have had experienced an arterial thrombotic event within 12 months are excluded
  • Patients must not have uncontrolled or clinical significant arrhythmia
  • Women must not be pregnant or breast-feeding due to the potential harmful effects of bevacizumab on the developing fetus; all females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 2 weeks prior to registration to rule out pregnancy
  • Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males are required to use an accepted and effective method of contraception while on study and for at least 3-4 months after the last dose of bevacizumab
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00119262

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Kathy Miller Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00119262     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-02977, NCI-2012-02977, U10CA021115, E2104, E2104, U10CA021115
Study First Received: July 12, 2005
Results First Received: April 4, 2011
Last Updated: April 29, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Breast Neoplasms, Male
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Antibodies
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Cyclophosphamide
Lenograstim
Bevacizumab
Doxorubicin
Tamoxifen
Paclitaxel
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Immunosuppressive Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Hormone Antagonists

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 23, 2014