Health Behavior Change in Chronic Disease Management
The purpose of this pilot trial is to provide preliminary evidence of the effectiveness of a brief behavioral intervention using telemedicine home monitoring to help individuals with multiple sclerosis adhere to medications that slow disease progression.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Health Behavior Change in Chronic Disease Management|
- adherence [ Time Frame: 3,6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2007|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
There is increasing recognition that coordinated approaches to disease management improve medication adherence. Intervention in chronic illness may be viewed as a multidisciplinary and collaborative process based upon behavioral principles, including the idea that illness management skills are learned and behavior is self-directed, motivation and self-efficacy can affect self care, monitoring and responding to changes in physical and mental health improves adaptation to illness, and the health care system can support or hinder self care. Preliminary findings suggest that telemedicine home monitoring providing cues to medication administration, brief evaluation of potential barriers (e.g., fatigue, cognition, side effects), identification of areas for future education (e.g., additional injection training), and an opportunity for feedback to providers (e.g., side effects) are well tolerated and may improve self monitoring of chronic medical conditions.
The proposed study is a six-month, two group parallel-design, controlled trial to evaluate feasibility and obtain effect size estimates for a behavioral intervention to improve adherence to MS disease modifying therapy (DMT) using telemedicine home monitoring. Monitoring will include brief weekly text-based prompting to complete a series of approximately 10-15 questions regarding factors that are expected to affect adherence to DMT. Areas of assessment will include the development of side effects (e.g., flu-like symptoms), disease specific symptoms (e.g., fatigue), adherence expectation, and DMT self-efficacy. MS clinic staff will examine responses to weekly home monitoring assessment. They will provide telephone follow-up for medical advice, support, specific educational materials, and referral for services if necessary. Potential services will also be informed by Research Project 1, and will follow the general principle that they will be selected from a standardized list (e.g., additional injection training, energy management strategies for fatigue), but tailored to individual patient need based upon information obtained by home monitoring.
Primary outcome measures to assess feasibility will be the percentage of eligible participants who complete the study protocol, and comparisons between home monitoring recipients and controls regarding the overall benefits of participation. Outcomes will be assessed via monthly telephone calls.
|United States, Washington|
|VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle|
|Seattle, Washington, United States, 98108|
|Principal Investigator:||Aaron P. Turner, PhD||VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle|