Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Preventing Breast Cancer in Women at High Risk of Developing Breast Cancer

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified July 2006 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was  Active, not recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00114296
First received: June 13, 2005
Last updated: September 16, 2013
Last verified: July 2006
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Chemoprevention is the use of certain drugs or supplements to keep cancer from forming, growing, or coming back. The use of omega-3 fatty acids may prevent breast cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized clinical trial is studying how well omega-3 fatty acids work in preventing breast cancer in women at high risk of developing breast cancer.


Condition Intervention
Breast Cancer
Dietary Supplement: omega-3 fatty acid

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Pilot Study to Evaluate the Effects of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Intermediate Markers of Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Breast density as measured by the Madena method at 1 year [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 80
Study Start Date: April 2005
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Determine the effects of omega-3 fatty acids on mammographic breast density (MBD) in women at high risk of developing breast cancer.

Secondary

  • Determine, preliminarily, the effects of this supplement on cell atypia and breast cell proliferation measured in ductal lavage specimens from these patients.
  • Determine the effects of this supplement on circulating hormone and growth factor blood levels in these patients.
  • Determine the effects of this supplement on the expression of estrogen-related proteins found in ductal lavage specimens from these patients.
  • Determine the effects of this supplement on plasma lipid peroxidation levels in these patients.
  • Correlate the modifying effect of lipid peroxidation-related genes with MBD in patients treated with this supplement.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, pilot study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive oral placebo three times daily for 12 months.
  • Arm II: Patients receive oral omega-3 fatty acids three times daily for 12 months.

In both arms, treatment continues in the absence of the development of ductal carcinoma in situ or invasive carcinoma of the breast or unacceptable toxicity.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 80 patients (40 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • At increased risk of developing breast cancer, as defined by 1 of the following criteria:

    • 5-year Gail risk ≥ 1.7%
    • Calculated 5-year Gail risk ≥ 5 times the average for age group, as defined by 1 of the following:

      • At least 0.1% (for patients age 20-29)
      • At least 1.0% (for patients age 30-39)
      • At least 1.7% (for patients age 40 and over)
    • Known BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation carrier
    • Family history consistent with hereditary breast cancer, as defined by any of the following:

      • At least 4 relatives diagnosed with breast cancer at any age
      • At least 2 first-degree relatives diagnosed with breast cancer at age 50 or younger
      • Breast and ovarian cancer diagnosed in the same relative
      • At least 2 occurrences of breast cancer and 1 occurrence of ovarian cancer at any age in the same family
    • Atypical hyperplasia or lobular carcinoma in situ of the breast by prior biopsy
    • History of unilateral ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast
    • History of invasive stage I breast cancer in remission (completed local and systemic standard therapy)
    • History of ovarian cancer in remission for > 5 years
  • Baseline mammogram performed within the past 6 months with an interpretation of not suspicious for malignancy (BIRAD 1-3)
  • Not eligible for OR refused standard breast cancer risk reduction strategies (e.g., prophylactic oophorectomy, prophylactic mastectomy, or tamoxifen)

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 18 and over

Sex

  • Female

Menopausal status

  • Not specified

Performance status

  • SWOG 0-1

Life expectancy

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic

  • Absolute granulocyte count ≥ 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL

Hepatic

  • SGOT and/or SGPT ≤ 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • Bilirubin ≤ 2.0 times ULN

Renal

  • Creatinine ≤ 2.0 mg/dL

Other

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • No underlying medical, psychiatric, or social condition that would preclude study participation
  • No other invasive malignancy within the past 5 years except nonmelanoma skin cancer

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy

  • Not specified

Endocrine therapy

  • More than 6 months since prior and no concurrent hormonal therapy, including any of the following:

    • Antiestrogens
    • Estrogen
    • Selective estrogen-receptor modulators
    • Progestins
    • Aromatase inhibitors
    • Hormonal contraceptives

Radiotherapy

  • Not specified

Surgery

  • No prior bilateral mastectomy

Other

  • More than 3 months since prior and no concurrent chronic (i.e., > 3 times per week) non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (e.g., aspirin, ibuprofen, or indomethacin) or cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors
  • No prior cancer treatment that would preclude study treatment
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00114296

Locations
United States, California
Samuel Oschin Comprehensive Cancer Institute at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90048
Sponsors and Collaborators
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Investigators
Study Chair: Agustin Garcia, MD Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00114296     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000430701, CSMC-00006359, CSMC-00000509
Study First Received: June 13, 2005
Last Updated: September 16, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Skin Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014