Eculizumab in Treating Patients With Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00112983
First received: June 2, 2005
Last updated: May 29, 2013
Last verified: June 2005
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Chemoprevention is the use of certain drugs to keep cancer from forming, growing, or coming back. The use of eculizumab may prevent leukemia and stop the destruction of red blood cells in patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying how well eculizumab works in treating patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria.


Condition Intervention Phase
Leukemia
Biological: eculizumab
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: TRIUMPH: A Hemoglobin Stabilization and Transfusion Reduction Efficacy and Safety Clinical Investigation, Randomized, Multi-Center, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Using Eculizumab in Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: November 2004
Study Completion Date: June 2005
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Determine the safety of eculizumab in patients with transfusion-dependent hemolytic paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria.
  • Determine the efficacy of this drug, in terms of hemoglobin stabilization and the number of packed red blood cell units transfused during the 26-week treatment period, in these patients.

Secondary

  • Compare the occurrence of transfusion avoidance, hemolysis (measured by lactate dehydrogenase [LDH] area under the curve), and the changes in fatigue during the 26-week treatment period in patients treated with this drug vs placebo.
  • Compare LDH changes, quality of life changes, thrombosis, platelet activity, nitric oxide, and free hemoglobin measures during the 26-week treatment period in patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to the number of packed red blood cell (PRBC) units transfused 1 year prior to screening (< 15 units vs 15-25 units vs > 25 units). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Within 10 days after PRBC transfusion (administered during the study observation period), patients receive placebo IV over 30 minutes once a week for 5 weeks and then once every 2 weeks for 21 weeks.
  • Arm II: Within 10 days after PRBC transfusion (administered during the study observation period), patients receive eculizumab IV over 30 minutes once a week for 5 weeks and then once every 2 weeks for 21 weeks.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline; at weeks 0-4, 12, 20, and 26 during study treatment; then at weeks 1, 2, 4, and 8 after completion of study treatment.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed at weeks 1, 2, 4, and 8.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 75 patients (37 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Diagnosis of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
  • Must have required ≥ 4 episodes of transfusions for anemia or anemia-related symptoms within the past year

    • Mean pre-transfusion hemoglobin ≤ 10. 5 g/dL over the past year
  • Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-deficient red blood cell clone (type III cells) of ≥ 10% by flow cytometry
  • Must have received 1 packed red blood cell transfusion during the study observation period (within 48 hours of the hemoglobin level that precipitated the transfusion) and within 1.5 g/dL of the mean pre-transfusion hemoglobin level over the past year

    • Pre-transfusion hemoglobin ≤ 9 g/dL with symptoms
    • Pre-transfusion hemoglobin ≤ 7 g/dL without symptoms
  • Received Neisseria meningitidis vaccination at least 2 weeks before initiation of study therapy

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • Not specified

Life expectancy

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Absolute neutrophil count > 500/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3

Hepatic

  • Lactate dehydrogenase ≥ 1.5 times upper limit of normal

Renal

  • Not specified

Immunologic

  • No known or suspected active bacterial infection
  • No recurrent bacterial infections
  • No history of meningococcal disease

Other

  • No known or suspected hereditary complement deficiency
  • No other condition that would increase the patient's risk or confound the outcome of the study
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior bone marrow transplantation
  • Concurrent epoetin alfa allowed*

Chemotherapy

  • Not specified

Endocrine therapy

  • Concurrent corticosteroids allowed**

Radiotherapy

  • Not specified

Surgery

  • Not specified

Other

  • More than 30 days since prior participation in another investigational drug trial
  • More than 30 days since prior investigational agents, devices, or procedures
  • Concurrent immunosuppressants allowed*
  • Concurrent warfarin allowed provided INR level is stable for the past 4 weeks and expected to remain stable during observation and study treatment
  • Concurrent iron supplements or folic acid allowed**
  • Concurrent low-molecular weight heparin allowed** NOTE: *Provided dose is stable for the past 26 weeks and during study observation and treatment

NOTE: **Provided dose is stable for the past 4 weeks and expected to remain stable (or decrease for corticosteroids) during study observation and treatment

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00112983

Locations
United States, California
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center at UCLA
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095-1678
Sponsors and Collaborators
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ronald Paquette, MD Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00112983     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ALEXION-C04-001, UCLA-0406101-01, CDR0000409569
Study First Received: June 2, 2005
Last Updated: May 29, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia
adult acute myeloid leukemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hemoglobinuria
Leukemia
Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal
Proteinuria
Urination Disorders
Urologic Diseases
Urological Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Anemia, Hemolytic
Anemia
Hematologic Diseases
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Bone Marrow Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 20, 2014